Sundial Patents

© Brooke Clarke 2002 - 2007




There are a number of different kinds of patents.  The normal patent granted for the intellectual property of the idea, a Design patent (D) is granted for the appearance of the end item, and a Plant Patent (PP) is for the genetic makeup of the plant.

Patents are categorized by class with similar patents all in the same class/sub class.  The Sunnyvale, CA public patent library has their patents filed by Class rather than by patent number like the other patent libraries.  BI (Before Internet) this made doing patent searches much easier.
In the table below you can click on the linked class numbers to search that class.  Even the very old patents have the class number searchable at the USPTO. 33/270 is the main sundial class and 33/269 and 33/268 are related classes.

The newer US patents have a lot more searchable and also have links to thepatents they cite as prior art.
 
Patent Issued Class Title Last First City State & Zip 
5062212 11/05/1991 33/270 Sundial apparatus Blaker James L. Lansdale PA 19446 
4346521 08/31/1982 33/269 Modern sundial Luft Peter A.  San Francisco CA 94109 
4845853 07/11/1989 33/270 Sundial Haskett Carl E.  Tyler TX 75703 
5197199 03/30/1993 33/270
33/269
Reflected spot sundial Shrader William W.  Stow MA 01775-1070 
5181324 01/26/1993 33/270
33/268
Sundial Hein Piet  Damsbo Denmark 
4924592 05/15/1990 33/270 Plate sundial with installation indicia Fuller George L.  Spartanburg SC 29302 
4102054 07/25/1978 33/270 Sundial Lewis Kemp S.  Tulsa OK 
5590093 12/31/1996   Digital sundial Scharstein Hans  53894 Mechernich Germany 
5237545 08/17/1993   Electronic simulated sundial timepiece  Schrader Paul M.  Huntsville AL 35803   
4945644 08/07/1990   Hemispherical sundial with installation indicia Fuller George L.  Spartanburg SC 29302 
4835875 06/06/1989   Cylindrical sundial with installation indicia Fuller George L.  Spartanburg SC 29302 
4782472 11/1/1988 368/15; 33/270; 368/82; 368/223; 968/415; 968/925; 968/DIG1 Solar clock with digital time display Hines
Stephen Glendale CA 91206
4785542 11/22/1988   Sundial Haskett Carl E.  Tyler TX 75703 
4384408 05/24/1983   Columnar sundial Bohlayer William L.  Middleburg VA 22117 
4355470 10/26/1982   Equatorial sundial Doyle Timothy E.  New Haven IN 46774 
5732473 03/31/1998   Holographic sundial Gagnon David R.  Grants Pass OR 97527 
5596553 01/21/1997   Digital sundial Kellogg Robert L.  Rockville MD 20855 
5576551 11/19/1996   Ultraviolet sundial Adair John E.  Los Angeles CA 90045 
4922619 05/08/1990   Universal sundial Singleton John S.  Newbury Berks RG14 6EB UK
4656748 04/14/1987   Sundial arrangement Thual Jacques G.  75116 Paris France 
4520572 06/04/1985   Geographical sundial Spilhaus Athelstan  Middleburg VA 22117 
4387999 06/14/1983   Electronic sundial apparatus Shelley Edwin F.  New Rochelle NY 10804 
4384408 05/24/1983
33/270 Columnar sundial Bohlayer;
William L. Middleburg VA 22117
4373270 02/15/1983   Sundial Ousley Russell M.  Florissant MO 63033 
4338727 07/13/1982   Shadowless sundial Gundlach Robert W.  Victor NY 
4103429 08/01/1978   Sun and star time dial Wagoner James E.  Swanton OH 
4081911 04/04/1978   Sundial Eldridge Albert M.  Austin TX 78731 
4034549 07/12/1977   Shadow clock Danley Jon G.  Greeley CO 80631 
3832842 09/03/1974 368/82
33/270
368/234
Artificial Sundial Parker David L.  Granada Hills CA 91344 
3815249 06/11/1974 33/269 Shadowless Sundial Gundlach Robert W.  Fairport NY 
3786570 01/22/1974 33/270 Sundial Davies Robert H.  Palo Alto CA 94306 
946223
Jan 11, 1910
33/270
Sun Dial
Homan
W. MacL.
Bethlehem Orange River Colony
13560
Sep11,1855
33/270
Horometer
meas Sun El &
does spherical trig to find time for any Lat, Lon
Abbott A Manchester NH
6506
June 5, 1849
33/270
Sun Dial
adds date reading
Scott James Portland Maine
3370
Dec 5, 1843 33/270
Sun Dail
hemisphere with verticle gnomon point on diameter
Gardner
J. P.
Columbia TN
PP10133 11/25/1997 33/438 Anthurium plant named Sundial Lamb Ann E.  Sebring FL 
D382821 08/26/1997 7/128 Sundial Zurfluh Louis  6462 Seedorf Switzerland 
D336264 06/08/1993 431/304 Equatorial region of a sundial Beninca' Marcello  Vicenza Italy 
D333275 02/16/1993 119/739 Sundial wrist watch O'Hare Bill  Mountain View CA 94042 
D296306 06/21/1988 301/103 Sundial Poignant Olov  S-162 38 Vallingby Sweden 
D276141 10/30/1984 213/185 Sundial facepiece Sharpe Stephen N.  Boston MA 
D257006 09/23/1980 24/600.7 Sundial Santleben Cecil W.  New South Wales 2261
Australia
D254733 04/15/1980 30/167 Sundial medallion Faulkner Donald M.  Melville NY 11746 
D253936 01/15/1980 209/324 Sundial watch Bova Anthony F.  Baltimore MD 21234 
D249474 09/19/1978 144/252.1 Combination sundial and nocturnal celestial timepiece Wagoner James E.  Swanton OH 
5459931 10/24/1995 33/271 Direction indicator Waltho Barry S.  Bowdon Vale
Altrincham
Cheshire WA14 3EL
UK
5760739
June 2, 1998 
342/359
343/757
Method and apparatus for aiming a directional antenna 
Pauli
Richard A.
Seattle
WA
6301793
October 16, 2001
33/270
Equatorial sundial apparatus utilizing one or more concave cylindrical focusing mirrors 
Gottesman
William
Burlington
VT
1520790
Dec 30, 1924
33/270; 968/415; 968/DIG.1 Sundial
H. J.
Wier


1496403
June 3, 1924
33/270; 283/115; 968/415; 968/DIG.1 Sundial
W.
Atkinson


1396937 Nov 15, 1921 33/270; 968/415; 968/DIG.1 Sundial C. D. Love Coshocton Ohio
D1115
July 5, 1859 D10/45; D10/1; D10/30; D10/126 Design for Sundial
W. W.
Wilson


Class 33 Geometrical Instruments

Class 33/268 Celestial

Contains a number of North finding instruments that use the Sun

Class 33/270 Celestial Subclass 269 indent level is 2 269 Time computing Subclass 270 indent level is 3 270 Including gnomonic indicator (e.g., sundial, etc.)

Class 33/271 270 plus Compass

About 95% of all these relate to a sun dial combined with a magnetic comapss.  Maybe 5 dozen patents.

Class 968/415 Horology & Timepieces using the Position of the Sun, Moon, or Stars (Devices for Fixing the Place and Time by Astronomical Observations G01C 21/00) [G04B 49/00] & Sundials (normal dials subclass 147) [G04B 49/02]


Class D10/45 -

from a search for something else:

21020 Sun Dial Pocket Watch, July 27, 1858  33/270
35225 Sun Dial, May 18, 1862  33/270
48812 Pocket Sun Dial, July 18, 1865 33/271
60630 Sun Dial, Dec 18, 1866 33/270
64892 Sun Dial, May 21, 1867 33/270 - EOT correction
77324 Heliometer, Apr 28, 1868  33/270
78392 Sun Dial, May 26, 1968 33/270
82984 Sun Dial, Oct 13, 1868 33/270; 57/89
89585 Sun Dial, May 4, 1869 33/270 - glass globe
98320 Sun Dial, Dec 28, 1869 33/271 - Univeral with compass
106735 Sun Dial, Aug 28, 1870 33/271 - dial on compass card
149142 Combined Watches and Sun Dials, March 31, 1874 33/270; 368/10 - Pocket watch, where cover is part of sun dial
155327 Sun Dials, Sep 22, 1874 33/270 - cross shaped head stone dial
155894 Sun-Dials, Oct 13, 1874 33/270 - 2 part universal dial
157586 Sun-Dials, Dec 8, 1874 33/271 - compass needle over a hemisphere allows determing meridian transit
165746 Sun-Dial, July 20, 1875 33/270 - meridian transit instrument
165828  Transits, July 20, 1875 33/269; 33/270 - meridian transit instrument with level similar to Dent's
170423 Solar Chronometer, Nov 23, 1876 33/270 -
177305 Sun-Dials, May 9, 1876 33/270 - made using surveying instrument parts
196550 Sun-Dial, Oct 30, 1877 33/270 - Ring dial
205485 Improvment in Sun Dials,  33/270 - Solar Chronometer
213009 Sun-Dial, Mar 4, 1879 33/271 - pocket dial with compass
224102 Solar Compass, Feb 3, 1880 33/268; 33/271 -
252418 Sun Dial, Jan 17, 1882 33/271 - gnomon weighted so as to stand plumb w/compass
277799 Sun Dial, May 15, 1863 33/271 - Pocket dial w/compass card
281527 Sun Dial, July 17, 1883 33/270 - Universal Dial
303118 Sun Dial, Aug 5, 1884 33/270 - two dials like 281527 stacked
335647 Sun Dial, Feb 9, 1886 33/271 - pocket dial w/compass
358957 Sun Dial, Mar 8, 1887 33/271; 283/34 - with world map
436153 Sun Dial, Sep 9, 1890 33/270 - hanging shepherd's dial
441777 Explorer's Instrument, Dec 2, 1890 33/271 -
460097 Compass Watch, Sep 22, 1891 33/270; 368/14
490185 Sun Dial, Jan 17, 1893 33/270 - EOT correction
648770 Sun Dial, May 1, 1900 33/270 - hanging ring dial
728916 Astronomical Instrument, May 26, 1903 33/270
740978 Sun Dial, Oct 6, 1903 33/270 - Universal w/ lat and lon correction
742472 Combined Plumb, Level, Protractor, Compass and Sun Dial, Oct 27, 1903 33/271; 33/352; 33/354; 33/372
747046 Sun Dial, Dec 15, 1903 33/270
770580 Sun Dial, Sep 20, 1904 33/270 - box w/ two levels
783245 Sun Dial, Feb 21, 1905, S. M. Clarke 33/270 - Rotatable Cone shaped scale
794787 Sun Dial, July 18, 1905 33/270 - standard time dial
825319 Sun Dial, July 10, 1906 33/270 - Universal dial
849475 Sun Dial, Apr 9, 1907 33/270 - ornamental sphere shaped
849683 Sun Dial, Apr 9, 1907 33/270 - post topped with a ball joint and universal dial
849841 Physiographical Instrument, Apr 9, 1907  33/270



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