3577084 (Google)Computer Sound Generator May 4 1971 Singer-General Precision 327/107; 84/659; 327/134; 341/147; 377/51; 377/112; 984/389; 984/DIG1
3696201 (Google) Digital Organ System 84/648; 84/659; 84/660; 984/382; 984/DIG1 (Wurlitzer) -
4018121 (Google) Method of synthesizing a musical sound Filed: May 2, 1975, Pub: April 19, 1977 John M. Chowning 84/696; 84/101; 84/659; 984/309; 984/324; 984/389; 984/DIG1 - Basis of the Yamaha DX-7 Synthesizer.
Patents calling 4018121 -
4813326 Method and apparatus for synthesizing music tones with high harmonic content, Yamaha, Filed: Jul 16, 1984, Pub: - Fig 22 block diagram of an operator
4922795 Tone signal forming device, Yamaha, Filed: Nov 17, 1987 -
5025702 Electronic musical instrument employing time-sharing frequency modulation and variable control of harmonics,Yamaha, Filed: Jul 3, 1975, Jun 25, 1991 - FM synth (filed a month after Chowning)
5191161 Electronic musical instrument including waveshape memory and modifiable address control, Yamaha, Filed: Jul 3, 1975, Pub: Mar 2, 1993 - variable color with same pitch from table entries.
I had one of these synthesizers. After adding on a small PCB (Grey Matter E! ?) the capabilities were greatly increased and not only could it be controlled by my Radio Shack Color Computer it also could remember an arrangement. I think it had a complex rendition of "The Entertainer" built-in. If you know the maker and/or model number of this add on board let me know.
Wave of the Future - History of Chowning's development.
With the introduction of micro controllers and home computers the age of digital sampling (Wiki) allowed the production of sound that matched that of an actual instrument. The samples could be played back at different speeds and modified using the same signal processing methods used for analog music synthesizers. So analog synths fell out of favor and the digital synths took over.
But in the late 1990s an interest in analog synths came back. Part of this is related to the availability of Eurorack (Wiki: Doepfer_A-100)modules, most of which are reasonably priced. PAiA (home, Wiki) has been making low cost music synth modules since 1967 and still offers them.
rack mount box version of the DX7. Requires external MIDI controller.
YouTube: Yamaha TX802 Demo - Yamaha TX802 - A few performance patches -
Dave Benson's DX7 Page - many documents
YouTube, cellarseer: Yamaha TX802 Service Mode - walks through the 8+9+On mode.
Hold number pad 8 and 9 while turning on power.
Firmware V1.0 22-APR-87
Fig 2 Op Sys chip in upper right
just below TX802, marked: XB223 
New chip marked: TX802, XB224 OS V 1.5
I installed the V1.5 chip at the top left, but it should have been
installed in the upper left.
Fig 3 with Ver 1.5 op sys:
The top LCD row is all black dots.
Got this to go with the Korg M-20, but also used it with the Yamaha DX-7 (borrowed) and TX802.
Found this on eBay for a good price. Poor packaging, but these seem to be made to take a beating and keep on ticking.
Fig 1 Styrofoam peanuts (crushed) and popped
air pillows inside box, should have used bubble wrap.
See Packing for shipment.
Fig 2 Front
Fig 3 Back Controls are for Guitar effects (Wiki)
This introduced me to expressive music controllers. Each key is sensitive for pressure (Z axis), pitch bend (x axis) and a third parameter like filter setting (y axis) allowing for very nuanced performance.
There are a number of other expressive controllers such as:
The Eigenharp family of instruments (Wiki) from EigenLabs - patent 8934088 Sound-creation interface - uses a custom switch that has variable outputs for x, y and z based on modulating a light beam or using a breath controller.
These allow performing electronic instruments with the same expression as actual instruments, fantastic!
At first glance this appears to be an acoustic guitar. But it has an internal DSP based (Wiki) processor that adds special effects then used a force actuator to shake the sound board so it acts as a loudspeaker.
7812243 Stringed instrument with embedded DSP modeling for modeling acoustic stringed instruments, Peter J. Celi,Michel A. Doidic, Marcus Ryle, Yamaha Guitar Group Inc, 2010-10-12 - The actuator might make use of
Magnetostrictive material, i.e. be something like the Sound Bug.
Korg MS-20 Mini Synthesizer
Korg SQ-1 Analog Sequencer
While looking for an analog music synthesizer that might be used with the Linnstrument came across the 1978 MS-20 (Wiki) and the modern MS-20 Mini version that includes MIDI (Wiki).
Note that the M-20 is a monophonic (one note at a time) synth and so is not suitable for use with the Linnstrument.
Pocket Operators by Teenage Engineering PO-16 Factory "lead synthesizer for keys melodies. sequencer with parameter locks, play styles and punch-in effects. pocket operators are small, ultra portable music devices." - User Guide - pdf -
Very capable device, but has a steep learning curve.
Note there are LEDs above each button 2 and 12 are on in this photo.
Home Theater - 7.1 Surround Sound
Sound Powered Telephones & Early Loudspeakers
Page created 22 June 2003.