Lighters

Brooke Clarke 2011 - 2019


Background

These are a way to start a fire.  Their use for lighting cigarettes and cigars is about ended.
Inspired by the book Catching Fire: How Cooking Made Us Human by Richard W. Wrangham.

Trench Lighter

Trench
                      Lighter
Altus

Gasoline Lighter

Closed configuration
Trench
                      Lighter In working position

Note rectangular notch on the right where flint is removed/installed by
pulling down on spring loaded ball.
Trench
                      Lighter Closed Configuration, fill cap removed.

Brands

Bernhardt
  668708 Electric Cigar Lighter, C.A. Bernhardt, Feb 26, 1901, 431/132 - uses what looks like a couple of precursors to the No. 6 battery
1703033 Portable Lighter, D.W. Greene (M.E. Bernhardt Co), Feb 19, 1929, 431/136 -
1717205 Portable Lighter, D.W. Greene (M.E. Bernhardt Co), Jun 11, 1929, 431/136 ; 292/121 -
1982493 Lighter Unit and Mounting Therefor, M.E. Bernhardt, Nov 27 1934, 431/137 ; 431/202; D27/159 - looks like beer stein
2025845 Despensing Container and Lighter Assemblage, M.E. Bernhardt, Dec 31, 1935, 221/149 ; 221/232; 431/137; 431/253
2113930 Lighter Mechanism, K. Bernhardt, Apr 12, 1938, 431/140 ; 431/149 -
2490121 Pocket-Lighter, M. Franki (K. Bernhardt), Dec 6, 1949, 431/139 ; 431/143 - cerium stone (flint?)
D155981 Cigarette Lighter, I. Florman, Nov 15, 1949, - "The Diplomat" M.E. Bernhardt Co Nov 12 1927
Bowers
2480317 Pocket Pyrophoric Lighter, F.H. Bowers, Aug 30 1949, 431/149 ; 431/151 -
2523415 Package, F.H. Bowers, Sep 26, 1950, 206/561 ; 206/482; 206/804; 206/87; 229/120.24; 229/125.125 - supplies
2710709 Flink Package and Display Device, F.H. Bowers, Jun 14 1955, 222/192 ; 206/223; 206/476; 206/489; 431/124
- lighter fluid with some attached flints
2796629 Hinge Mounting for Lighter Covers, F.H. Bowers, Jun 25 1957, 16/255 ; 267/158; 431/151 - sort of Zippo type lid

Daltis
na
Dunhill
D248877 Lighter, A.R. Harris (Dunhill Lighters Ltd), Aug 8, 1978, -
3758262 Portable Gas Lighter with Magnetically Operated Lid, A.R. Harris (Dunhill Lighters Ltd), Sep 1, 1973, -
3781163 Lighter with a Capacity Discharge Ingition System and Means for Preventing Automatic Recharging of Said Capacitor, C.W. Ovens
 (Dunhill Lighters Ltd), Dec 2, 1973, 431/266 ; 315/209CD; 315/209T; 361/256; 431/132; 431/25
- Push-Pull step up inverter circuit
IMCO
Kaschie
Ronson
RE19026 Cigar Lighter, Louis V. Aronson, Art Metal Works, Dec 12, 1933,
2486711 Shipping Container, A. Harris (Ronson Art Metal Works Inc), Nov 1, 1949, 206/583 - allows shipping lighter with fluid.
2505167 Lighter Casing Construction, A.H. Aronson (Ronson Art Metal Works Inc), Apr 25, 1950, 431/276 ; 431/124; 431/154; 431/277 -
2866580 Dispensing Spout Structure, W.I. Nissen (Ronson Corp), Dec 30, 1958, 222/512 ; 222/556; 222/560; 222/561; 401/281; D9/450 - for lighter fluid can
3150507 Lighter Mechanism, J.D. Smith (Ronson Corp), Sep 29, 1964, 431/125 ; 431/131; 431/138; 431/253; 431/343- in the top of a fountain pen
D188507 Cigar Lighter or Similar Article, J.D. Smith (Ronson Corp), Aug 2 1960,  D27/159 -
Zippo
2517191 Pyrophoric Lighter, L Flickinger & G. Blaisdell (Zippo Mfg Co), Aug 1, 1950, 431/276 ; 431/151; 431/152; 431/277 -
2011322 Cigarette Lighter, L.K. Loehr, Aug 13 1935, 431/138 - bullett
2418295 Cigarette Lighter or the Like, I. Florman, Apr 1 1947, 431/138 - flint and spring is their own tube
2704447 Flameguard for Flint-Wheel, L. Flickinger W.L. Pleroffi (Zippo Mfg Co), Mar 22, 1955, 431/151 ; 431/277 - 
2774234 Table Lighter, G.G. Blaisdell & L. Flickinger (Zippo Mfg Co), Dec 18, 1956, 431/277 ; 431/142; 431/152; 431/298; 431/323; 431/324 -
2803123 Pyrophoric Lighter, G.W. Owen (Zippo Mfg Co), Aug 20, 1957, 431/152 ; 431/321; 431/323; 431/344 -
6247920 Liquid fuel lighter with fit-up rib, Zippo, 2001-06-19
6902392 Interference-free cam for hinged-lid lighters 2004-10-21
D624694 Recessed Top Lighter

Wolf

This is a patent for a flint striker mechanism and it's mentioned that it will fit into a pocket.  The application seems to have been for a permissible mine safety lantern.
1052783
                      Igniting device for miners' safety-lamps, Paul
                      Wolf (son of Carl?), 1913-02-11, 431/275 - 1052783 Igniting device for miners' safety-lamps, Paul Wolf (son of Carl?), 1913-02-11, 431/275 - Flint and tooth wheel type. Handle (d) made of spring wire.  Easy to remove & replace the flint wheel or add new flint.

Ferrocerium (Flint  Wiki) was invented in 1903 ten years prior to this patent.

983238 Igniter with spark-emitting mass, Jacques Kellermann, Filed: 1909-10-21, Pub: 1911-01-31, 431/136 - Flint & Wheel type two years prior to 1913.

Class 431: Combustion: / 129 to 141 involve an abrasive wheel /275 stored energy, over center release

Patents

Class Numbers

 44 Fuel and Related Compositions
131
137 Fluid Handling
149 Exolosive and Thermic Compounds or Charges
200 Electricity: Circuit Makers and Breakers
219 Electric Heating
431 Combustion

525437 Electric Cigar Lighter, A.C. Albertsen, Sep 4 1894, 219/266 ; 200/86.5 - Mains powered element similar to car cigar lighter.
808725 Lighter, App: 1905-08-01 431/271 - oldest in 431 - hopper full of small balls which will explode when crushed.
815219 Cigar Cutter and Lighter, App: 1905-11-14,  131/249 ; 30/113; 431/271 - uses the small balls
983238 Ingiter with Spark Emitting Mass., J Kellermann, Jan 31, 1911, 431/136 (oldest in this class) Flint type
1015876 Pyrophoric pocket-lighter, Arthur Dubsky, App: 1910-07-27 (German app Jan 23 1910), Pub: 1912-01-30 -
1045683 Lighting Device, App 1911-05-04 - pyrophoric material, i.e. Flint
1018763 Apparatus for producing sparks, Richard Von Horvath, App: 1911-11-25, Pub: 1912-02-27, has the feel of a Zippo, uses flint.
1555815 Electric Cigar Lighter, Oct 6, 1925, 219/270 cylindrical coil of wire
1717205 Portable Lighter, DW Greene, Jun 11, 1929, 431/136 ; 292/121 - Flipping arm uncovers wick and strikes flint.  spare flint storage space.
1755951 Pivotal wind screen for pyrophore cigar lighters, Arthur Dubsky, 1930-04-22, -

(also see patents on my Fire web page).

Permanent Match

1713595 Cigarette and Cigar Lighter, F.D. Doubleday, May 21 1929, 431/272 ; 44/507 - one time self lighting, coil of wick
1903838 Ignitible Stick, F. Ringer, Apr 18, 1933, 149/79 ; 206/96; 431/267; 44/507 - slow burning so it can be blown out and relighted a number of times
1941621 Igniting Stick, F. Ringer, Jan 2, 1934, 44/643 ; 149/82; 44/507; 44/511; 44/628
2000328 Match, W. Harris, May 7 1935, 44/507 - paper book matches
2015383 Repeatedly Ignitible Match, R. Konig, Sept 24 1935, 44/507 ; 149/29; 149/82; 44/643
2038048 Lighter, A. Kilstrom (Henry Lederer & Bro Inc), Apr 21, 1936, 431/141 -
2059807 Cigar Lighter, F. Ringer, Nov 3 1936, 431/267 ; 431/135; 44/507 - This is a metal pocket lighter that's built around an Ignitible Stick
2552718 Lighter, L. Hutchinson, B. Heath, F. Charles, May 15, 1951, 431/277 ; 431/139; 431/149; 431/275 - thumb press to open and light
2566560 Permanent Match, , B Edelberg, Sep 4, 1951, 44/507 ; 149/29; 149/83
2568285 Pyrotechnic Match Capable of Repeated Ignition, F.K. Knutsen,
2675689 Jet Lighter, H.M. Wassem & J.J. Robinson, Apr 20, 1954, 137/377 ; 137/614; 141/330; 431/150 - butane in replacable container, not refillable
2608081 Lighter Mechanism, T.H. Morgan (Butalite Corp), Aug 26 1952,
431/254 ; 141/20; 141/3; 141/325; 141/329; 141/330; 251/303; 431/124; 431/131; 431/150; 431/275; 431/277; 431/344; 431/88; 431/89; D27/157 -
3007328 automatic Gas Cigarette-Lighter, H. Zahn, Nov 7, 1961, 431/154 ; 431/131; 431/253 -
3079781 Lighter, V. Virtanen (R.J. Jurick), Mar 5 1963, 431/138 ; 431/137; 431/149; D27/157 -
D215177 Cigarette Lighter, K Goto (M Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha), Sep 9, 1969, - vertical flint wheel shaft
3443877 Gas Fueled Lighter, S. Inagaki (Korona Kogyo Co Ltd), May 13, 1969, 431/134 ; 431/276; D27/159 -

Links

Vintage Lighter Book - bad email on contact page, is there a working one? Let me know.

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