Fire

© Brooke Clarke 2017

Background
Description
    Starting
    Blow Torch
    Bernz-O-Matic TS2000
    Micro Butane Torch
    Alcohol Torch
    Camping Stove
    Lamps
        Oil Lamps
            Argand Lamps
        Wicks
        Plain Kerosene Lamps
            Dietz Night Watch  No. 10 (Dead Flame)
            Bradley and Hunter (Central Draft Oil Table Lamp)
            Dietz No. 0 Victor (Hot Blast)
            Dietz D-Lite No.2 (Cold Blast)
        Plain Kerosene Mantle lamps
        Pressurized Kerosene Mantle Lamps
        Carbide
            Acme Miner's Lamp
Related
References
Links

Background

While buying some items that have to do with controlling fire for various purposes I tried to come up with a web page title that was general enough to cover them all rather than make new web pages for each one.  But  I already have a web page for the Big Bang Carbide Cannon and for cigarette and cigar lighters and light sources.

Patent Class 431 is titled "Combustion" and most of what's on this web page falls under this class.
While I have used a number of subheadings below, they are all very closely related.  They all use a liquid fuel and need to vaporize it prior to burning.  Note that candles and old wick in oil lamps actually are burning vapor not liquid fuel.

Description

Starting

Fire making (Wiki)

There are many ways to start a fire.  Cigarette - Cigar lighters used to be common when more people smoked.  The flint used in a cigarette lighter is a key element of that device.


6" x 1/2" Ferro-Cerium Rod & Striker
Ferro Cerium
                      Rod & Striker
837017 Pyrophoric alloy (Wiki), Carl Auer Von Welsbach (Wiki), Nov 27, 1906, 420/416; 252/181.6; 252/181.7; 431/273 -  pure rare earth metals do not work.  But Cerium (Wiki) when alloyed with ideally 30% iron.  sparking by abrasion or concussion.  Wiki: Ferrocerium aka: lighter flint
993998 Metallic alloy, Adolf Huber, Kunheim And Co, May 30, 1911, 420/416; 420/580 - includes 12% aluminum    
1006849 Pyrophoric metal alloy, Georg Friedrich Hofmann, Oct 24, 1911, 420/580 - 5% Cerium with manganese and antimony (maybe for cigarette lighters?)

RE25558 Pyrophoric alloys without iron, Walter Bungardt, Ronson Metals Corporation, Apr 21, 1964, 420/416 -  
3402029 Fire kindling method, Sampson Jr William S, Ulibarri Joe A, Watson John A, Ute Mountain Supply Company, Sep 17, 1968, 431/6, 44/506 -  Mischmetal (Wiki) and magnesium  


Blow Torch (Wiki)

Unknown Brand/Model
Came in crushed box and air pump broken off.
A Turner Brass Works blowtorch on eBay has a bottom view that's very similar, so maybe that's who made this?
A very similar blowtorch on eBay says it's a "Fulton".
Typically worked with gasoline

Blowtorch Broken
                      in shipping
Crushed box
Broken air pump
Fig 1 Notice metallic wicking material at top of dip tube.
Blowtorch
                      broken in shippiong
Fig 2 Wick does not extend to bottom of dip tube.
Blowtorch
                      broken in shippiong

1628739 Plumber's blowtorch, William F Pagel, May 17, 1927 - has the same feel

Patent
                    Drawing
Patent
                      Drawing 887743 Apparatus for removing paint, Joseph Hendrik Storm Jr, Petrus Hermanus Van Haselen, Joseph Hendrik Storm Jr, May 12, 1908,  126/401; 15/236.01; 30/140; 30/169 -  
Patent
                      Drawing 918006 Vapor-torch, Wilfrid Chausse, Landon P Smith, Guy Osborn, Wilfrid Chausse, Apr 13, 1909, 431/243 - paint burner, soldering iron heater, air pump, coil in flame to vaporize gasoline.
Patent
                      Drawing 937757 Air-pump for blow-torches, Otto Bernz, Oct 26, 1909, 92/23; 417/497 - an accessory air pump for a blow torch
Patent
                      Drawing 1364194 Torch, Otto J Groehn, Clayton & Lambert Mfg Company, Jan 4, 1921, 220/756; 220/651; 220/759; 431/320 - handle can be replaced with air pump.
Patent
                      Drawing 1421031 Burner for liquid hydrocarbon fuel, Francis P Schmitt, Peerblow Mfg Company, Jun 27, 1922, 431/123 -pre-heat fuel tray
Calls:
1135072  431/242 - air pump no fuel tray, - easier to clean nozzle and replace pre-heating tube.
Patent Drawing
Patent
                    Drawing
1538634 Torch-burner construction, Otto J Groehn, Clayton & Lambert Mfg Company, May 19, 1925, 431/123 - pre-heat tray, 2 knobs - separates orifice cleaning and control valve.
Patent
                      Drawing 2793504 Portable apparatus utilizing pressurized gas fuel, Webster Milo E, Otto Bernz Co Inc, May 28, 1957, 137/322, 137/614.2, 222/3, 222/491, 222/540, 431/344 -  Bernz-O-Matic - uses propane for fuel, rather than a liquid fuel.  
Patent
                      Drawing

Patent
                      Drawing
2804918 Retort burner and blowtorch incorporating the same, Richard J Brown, David L Raymond, Hupp Corp, Sep 3, 1957, 431/220, 431/216, 431/242 - preheats air
Patent
                      Drawing 2888979 Hand torch, Lindgren William L, Turner Brass Works, Jun 2, 1959, 239/337, 222/3, 239/533.15, 62/50.7, 137/511, 62/48.1, 239/572, 239/562, 431/349 - uses disposable propane tank.   

Bernz-O-Matic TS2000

This is a propane torch (Wiki) head for a hand held 14.1 ounce propane tank.  It includes a piezo lighter.  These air fed torches can get up to about 3,623 °F.  Hotter than a butane torch (Wiki).
It's been my experience that leaving the torch head on the tank results in an empty tank.  Best to remove the torch head from tank when not in use.


Bernz-O-Matic TS2000

Patent
                      Drawing 4526532 Self-igniting torch, John M. Nelson, Newell Companies, Inc., Jul 2, 1985, 431/255, 431/264, 251/353, 239/579, 239/401, 251/354
Patent
                      Drawing 4666399 Low pressure gas torch burner, John M. Nelson, Newell Companies, Inc., May 19, 1987, 431/264, 431/344, 431/353
Patent
                      Drawing 4954078 Spark igniter system, John M. Nelson, Newell Companies, Inc., Sep 4, 1990, 431/255, 431/266, 315/209.0PZ, 313/123

Micro Butane Torch

Butane Micro Torch Item# TZ6915
about $10 on eBay

Fig 1
Butane
                      Micro Torch Item# TZ6915
Fig 2
Butane
                      Micro Torch Item# TZ6915

This is a butane torch (Wiki).  The original was patented I think with trade name: Blazer Micro Torch.



Patent
                      Drawing 4597732 Burner device, Sadao Yoshinaga, Prince Industrial Development Co., Ltd., Jul 1, 1986, 431/255, 431/344 - manufactured first by Blazer Technology    


Alcohol Torch

Fig 1 Left to Right:

1. Otto Bernz, Newark, N.J. Benz-O-Matic (Wiki)
There appears to be a blow tube but it's open on both ends.  If it was a round tube where you could attach flexible tubing that would make sense, but this is a rectangular tube.  Brik Mfg. Co., Niantic, Conn made a "solid Fuel" "Super Jet" torch with an identical flat type blow pipe which by means of a special adapter was fed by a round tube.




2. Harmic Mfg. Company, Pa\A, Bestjet Alcohol Blowtorch
2628671 Wick-type liquid fuel hand torch having wick-fed retort, Silverman Myer Allen, Sherman Harry, Liberman Hyman, Feb 17, 1953, 431/230, 431/146 - single larger diameter tube instead of two separate tubes. "Bestjet"
2628671
                      Wick-type liquid fuel hand torch having wick-fed
                      retort, Harmic Mfg. Company, Pa\A, Bestjet Alcohol
                      Blowtorch
3. TBD
4. Scovill Mfg. Co., Waterbury, Conn. The "Imp" Handtoch
e 1929039 Torch, Schaff Almanzo, Scovill Manufacturing Co, Oct 3, 1933, 431/241 - "Imp"
1929039 Torch,
                      Schaff Almanzo, Scovill Manufacturing Co, Oct 3,
                      1933, 431/241 - "Imp"


Fig 1
Alcohol
                      Torchs
Fig 2
Alcohol
                      Torchs


524526 Lamp,
Jacob Geiser, Aug 14, 1894, 431/218; 431/230 - vapor generated by the application of heat to the wick-tube is burned in lieu of the inflammable liquid itself
712097 Automatic blowpipe, August C Rosenbrook, Oct 28, 1902,  431/230; 431/231 -   heat from flame vaporizes alcohol in supply tube and pressurizes system
901307
Hydrocarbon-torch, Francis B Carleton, Oct 13, 1908, 431/241 - heat from flame vaporizes alcohol in supply tube and pressurizes system
992399 Automatic pressure-torch, Otto Bernz, May 16, 1911, 431/123; 362/159; 431/241 - wick inside freed tube uses capillary action to get alcohol near heated tube so it can vaporize 
1296869 Blow-torch, Leon U Snow, Mar 11, 1919, 431/230 - single cylinder, but same operation as above units.
1551069
Automatic blowtorch, Stanczyk Stanley, D. Allen Lenk, Aug 25, 1925, 431/204, 431/230 -
1604751
Blowtorch, Lester L Lasher, Lasher-Peerblow Co.,  Oct 26, 1926, 431/230 - 2 long cylinders, one with a wick and alcohol and the other with liquid alcohol with a bent tube with nozzle. 
1684524 Torch, Stanczyk Stanley, (not assigned), Sep 18, 1928, 431/230 - tank split with horizontal divider, bottom feeds heater, top pressure nozzle.  Requires access port on bottom side wall.
1772254 Alcohol torch, Joseph M Imfeld, Otto Bernz Co Inc, Aug 5, 1930, 431/203, 431/343 - single can construction
2442394
Blowtorch with continuously burning vaporizer and igniter, Baum Horace L, Jun 1, 1948, 431/230 -

Camping Stove

521128 Vapor-stove, Henry Ruppel, Filed: Oct 7, 1893 Pub: Jun 5, 1894, 431/218; 126/44 - using vapor pressure caused by heating, rather than air pump.
174366
vapor-burning stove, Thomas B. Jeffery, & F. Rosengren, Mar 7, 1876, 431/205 I'm guessing the cup "D" is a pre-heat tray 

Coleman 520 & 530 G.I. Pocket Stove
2363098 Burner for fuels containing tetraethyl lead, Boyd W. Tullis, Coleman Lamp & Stove Co, Filed: Jan 12, 1942 Pub: Nov 21, 1944, 431/123, 431/350, 126/44, 431/207 - Model 520 & 520 G.I. Pocket Stove (Wiki)  "lead" was used in gasoline between the 1920s and in the 2000s was phased out for road vehicles in the U.S. - the problem this patent solves relates to Hydrocarbon gums, coloring materials and tetraethyl lead that clog the hot vaporizer

2363099 Burner for fuels containing tetraethyl lead and other objectionable foreign matter, Boyd W. Tullis, Coleman Lamp & Stove Co, Filed: Jan 12, 1942 Pub: Nov 21, 1944, 431/207, 126/44, 431/344 - for burners of 5,000 BTU or less patent 2363098 works, but for burners of 10,000 BTU or more a way is needed to cool the vaporizer discharge tip to allow the higher boiling point fractions to escape before being carbonized.
2402139 Preheater for liquid fuel burners of the pressure type, Charles Hebard Hugh, Mantle Lamp Company, Jun 18, 1946, 137/244, 137/605, -  cleaning needle keeps oriface open
2465572 Portable stove for burning liquid fuel, Carl Bramming, Mantle Lamp Co America, Filed: Apr 15, 1943 Pub: Mar 29, 1949, 431/344, 431/353, 126/38, 431/225, 431/227, 431/343, 126/44, 126/9.00R - a Pocket Stove, many sheet metal parts for lower cost, air pump also used to store spare parts,
2478364 Fuel valve and nozzle cleaning mechanism for portable liquid fuel burners, Carl Bramming, Aladdin Ind Inc, Filed: Jun 5, 1944 Pub: Aug 9, 1949, 431/123, 126/44, 126/38, 431/227 -
2500610 Portable hydrocarbon furnace, Thomas Keller, Cedarberg Mfg Company Inc, Filed: Jun 11, 1945 Pub: Mar 14, 1950, 431/246, 431/344 - kerosene,  pre-heat fuel tray 

Lamps

Wicks

Wicks (Wiki) do not work by burning themselves, but rather they use Capillary action (Wiki) to raise liquid fuel near the flame which vaporizes the liquid into a gas that then burns.  The strength of the capillary action depends: directly onthe surface tension (Wiki) and inversely on: density (Wiki), inside radius of the tube and acceleration of gravity.

Oil Lamps

Oil lamps (Wiki) have been around for thousands of years, the simplest being a cup with wick where the flame is close to the top of the liquid so that thick oils will work.  Maybe 1,000 years after oil lamps candles (Wiki) were invented.  Whale Oil (Wiki) was used in lamps for about 100 years from 1800 to 1900.

Argand Lamps

Argand Lamps (Wiki) were an improvement on first generation oil lamps and were replaced with kerosene (Wiki) lamps.  The key elements were one, a hollow circular wick so that air could be provided on both the outside and through the center making for more light and cleaner burning. Later called a "central draft lamp" and two, raising the fount (reservoir) above the burner so that fuels with low capillary action could be used.  This was during the time of vegetable oil lamps.

This particular lamp has been in the same family for a number of generations.  They referred to it as the "Whale Oil" lamp and there were Whaling boat captains in the family.

Fig 1 One original chimney and one replacement.
Argand Lamp
Fig 2 Old Waldom & Woldman catalog.
Argand Lamp
Fig 3 Burner, but photos not clear.
Argand Lamp
Fig 4 Oil reservoir
Argand Lamp
Fig 5 Oil reservoir
Argand Lamp
Fig 6 Burner marked:
Messenger & sons
63 Hatton Garden London
& Birmingham
Manufactured for
Alfred Welles
Boston
Argand Lamp


Plain Kerosene Lamps

Kerosene Patents

7052 Gas Apparatus, A. Gesner (Wiki), Jan 29, 1850, 48/102R; 48/211 - 
11204
Improvement in kerosene burning-fluids, Abraham Gesner, The asphalt Mining And Kerosene Gas Company, Jun 27, 1854 208/272; 208/265; 208/273; 208/295 -
11205
Improvement in kerosene burning-fluids, Abraham Gesner, The asphalt Mining And Kerosene Gas Company, Jun 27, 1854 208/272; 208/265; 208/273; 208/295-
12936 Improvement in burning-fluids, Abraham Gesner, North American Kerosene Gas Lighting Co., May 22, 1855, 44/451 -
12987 Improvement in burning-fluid compounds, Abraham Gesner, North American Kerosene Gas Lighting Co., May 29, 1855, 44/451-

A practical treatise on coal petroleum and other distilled oils by Gresner, 1861 - pdf -  "practical not theoretical" pg 78: "The greater the quantity of carbon, in proportion to the hydrogen any one of them contains, the greater is the specific gravity, the higher its boiling point, density of vapor, and tendency to smoke when employed for the purpose of illumination."

Kerosene Lamps

The earliest examples of kerosene lamps (Wiki) were simple wick lamps and later a glass chimney was added probably first to keep wind from blowing out the flame and later to make an updraft to fan the flame.   As explained on the Wiki page there are many types of kerosene lamps.  One type of plain kerosene lantern is called either barn, hurricane or railroad.  These are typically made up of a sheet metal frame that traps the glass globe at the top and bottom and have a bail for carrying or hanging.  The "cold-blast" type burns brighter than other versions without a mantle.  The earlier "hot-blast" type used air that had been used in burning and so did not have as much oxygen. The even earlier (1850 - 1860) "glass globe" lanterns with "dead-flame" were even dimmer.

Dietz Night Watch  No. 10 (Dead Flame)


Fig 1
Dietz
                        Night Watch No. 10 Dead Flame Keorsene Lantern
Fig 2 Latch at top left
Dietz
                        Night Watch No. 10 Dead Flame Keorsene Lantern
Fig 3 Press latch to open lid
Hold latch to clear globe
Dietz
                        Night Watch No. 10 Dead Flame Keorsene Lantern

Bradley and Hunter (Central Draft Oil Table Lamp)

Fig 1 Very poor packaging, but it survived (by luck!)
Bradley
                        and Hunter (Central Draft Oil Table Lamp)
Fig 2  Note many holes in base to let in air.
Bradley
                        and Hunter (Central Draft Oil Table Lamp)
Fig 3 Patd:
Chimney Support
Burner Core
many central air holes
Feb 28, 1905
 (783799 Wick Raiser)
Nov 20, 1894
 (9529496 Air Distributer)
Dec 31, 1895
 (552327 Lamp Burner)
Apr 23, 1895
 (537849 Wick Adjuster)

Mar 24, 1896
 (556980 Air Distributer)

Bradley
                        and Hunter (Central Draft Oil Table Lamp)
Fig 4 Wick lifter turned up
Patd June 7, 1898
 (605186 Wick Lifter)
Bradley
                        and Hunter (Central Draft Oil Table Lamp)
Fig 5 threads on bottom, many external air holes.
Bradley
                        and Hunter (Central Draft Oil Table Lamp)
Fig 6  Top View.The meaning of "Central Draft" is clear.
Cap marked: Made in United States of America.
Bradley
                        and Hunter (Central Draft Oil Table Lamp)
Fig 7 The meaning of "Central Draft" is clear. Bottom view
Bradley
                        and Hunter (Central Draft Oil Table Lamp)



In business 1852 - 1940 (Wiki) sold to Charles Parker Co. (Wiki) 1832 - 1975

Edward Miller & Co. (Wiki),1844 - 1924 transferred to The Miller Co. (Stuart Driver's lamp web page)

373376 Standard Lamp, William A Penfield, Bradley & Hubbard Mfg Co, Nov 15, 1887, 248/414 -
389375 Shade Ring for Hanging Lamps,  Emil Fisher, Bradley & Hubbard Mfg Co, Sep 11, 1888, 362/441
421171 Central Draft Lamp, J. Jauch, Bradley & Hubbard Mfg CoFeb 11, 1890, 431/309 -
427870 Central Draft Lamp, Joseph Jauch, Bradley & Hubbard Mfg Co, May 13, 1890, 431/309 -
473667 Central Draft Lamp, Joseph Jauch, Bradley & Hubbard Mfg Co, Apr 26, 1892, 431/309 -
474171 Wick Raiser for Central Draft Lamps, Joseph Jauch, Bradley & Hubbard Mfg Co, May 3, 1892, 431/308 -
502926 Cap for Filling Nipples of Lamp Founts, Joseph Jauch, Bradley & Hubbard Mfg CoAug 8, 1893, 220/816spring loaded so will not be lost
512967 Suspension RIng for Harps for Hanging Lamps, Joseph Jauch, Bradley & Hubbard Mfg Co, Jan 16, 1894, 362/417; 232/41R -
529496 Air Distributer for Central-Draft Lamps, Joseph Jauch, the Bradley and Hubbard Mfg. Co., Nov 20, 1894, 431/309 -
537849 Wick Adjuster for Central Draft Lamps, William A. Penfield, Bradley & Hubbard Mfg. Co., Apr 23, 1895, 431/308 -
552327 Lamp Burner, William A Penfield, Bradley & Hubbard Mfg Co, Dec 31, 1895, 431/302 -
556980 Air Distributer for Central Draft Lamps, W.C. Homan, Edward Miller & Co. (Wiki), Mar 24, 1896, 431/309
553686 Cooking Lamp, W.A. Penfield, Bradley & Hubbard Mfg. Co.,Jan 28, 1896, 431/321; 122/44.2 -
554491 Lamp Burner, Joseph Jauch, Bradley & Hubbard Mfg Co, Feb 11, 1896, 431/251 -
576413 Lid for Alcohol Lamps, William A Penfield, Bradley & Hubbard Mfg Co, Feb 2, 1897, 431/152 -
589220 Bicycle Bell, William A Penfield, Bradley & Hubbard Mfg Co, Aug 31, 1897, 116/159 -
605186 Wick-lifting device, William A Penfield, Bradley & Hubbard Mfg Co, Jun 7, 1898, 431/308
641862 Acetylene-gas lamp, Joseph Jauch, Bradley & Hubbard Mfg Co, Jan 23, 1900, 48/53.4; 48/53.1 - interesting construction
644008
Suspension device for lamps, &c., Emil Fisher, Bradley & Hubbard Mfg Co, Feb 20, 1900, 242/378; 242/381 - 
672178 Indicator for lamp-founts, William A Penfield, Bradley & Hubbard Mfg Co, Apr 16, 1901, 73/317 - floating cork drives gas gauge
678126 Combined wick-stop and flame-extinguisher, William Allen Penfield, Bradley & Hubbard Mfg Co, Jul 9, 1901, 431/309 -  
783799 Wick-raiser for central-draft lamps, William Allen Penfield, Bradley & Hubbard Mfg Co, Feb 28, 1905, 431/307 -
914804 Candlestick, Reuben F Crooke, Bradley & Hubbard Mfg Co, Mar 9, 1909, 431/290 - internal spring pushes candle up to flame stays at same place   
1056682 Shade or globe holder, Frank S Hubbard, Alfred P Hirschfeld, Bradley & Hubbard Mfg Co, Mar 18, 1913, 362/437 -   
1082284 Air-distributer for central-draft lamps, William A Penfield, Bradley & Hubbard Mfg Co, Dec 23, 1913, 431/309 - improvement on 529496 (556980 not mentioned) -will work with heavier oil than common burners  
1489887 Shade holder, Alfred P Hirschfeld Bradley & Hubbard Mfg Co, Apr 8, 1924, 362/437 - hanging (swag)

Dietz No. 0 Victor (Hot Blast)

This is a square tube design that came before the more economical to manufacture round tube design.  The first of the "tubular" lanterns.

89770 Lantern, J.H. Irwin, (not assigned), May 4, 1869, 362/171
RE8598
Hot Blast
89770
                              Lantern, J.H. Irwin, (not assigned), May
                              4, 1869, 362/171 - Dietz No. 0 Victor
                              kerosene Lamp "Hot Blast"
Fig 1 Front showing cork in fill hole
wick adjusting knob, and lift lever
Globe Marked:
Fitzall
LOC-NOB (Lock knob)
Rec,d U.S. Pat Off
Oil tank marked:
DIETZ No. 0
Dietz No. 0
                        Victor (Hot Blast) Keroscene Lantern
Fig 2 Back
Globe Marked:
Dietz
Suyracuse N.Y.
U.S.A.

Oil tank marked:
VICTOR
Dietz No. 0
                        Victor (Hot Blast) Keroscene Lantern
Fig 3 Globe in up position.
Dietz No. 0
                        Victor (Hot Blast) Keroscene Lantern




Globe Lock Knob Patents

1089912 Lantern, Frederick Dietz, Dietz Co R E, Mar 10, 1914, 362/177 - globe can be tipped back and stay in wire cage because of knobs at sides.  You can see them in Fig 1 above, but noticed that the No. 1 lantern does not have wires that made with them so the above lantern does not support tipping the globe.
D51721 Lantern Globe, F. Dietz, R.E> Dietz Co., Feb 18, 1918, D26/128 - Wide top and bottom opening and knobs for tipping.
1476117 Lantern, Duyn Frederick W Van, Dietz Co R E, Dec 4, 1923, 362/177 - the knobs are shaped as ramps or cams allowing the globe to be rotated on the globe plate to engage the globe clamping wires.  Since the wires have a concave shape adjacent to the globe knobs it will not rotate out of the locked position.

This has a strong similarity to the Hot Blast patent 89770 (RE8598)
Note there's an air gap between the top of the glass globe and the sheet metal cap just above it.
The wire frame (non tubular) lanterns have no air gap between the glass and the sheet metal top that holds it.

The Dietz Monarch (New York U.S.A.) (No. 10?)  is very similar but has round tubes and the following patent dates:

Patent
                      Drawing 628804 Lantern, James H Hill, (not assigned), Jul 11, 1899, 362/177 - base of globe hinges
Patent
                      Drawing 765696 Tubular lamp or lantern, Charles L Betts, Dietz Co R E, Jul 26, 1904, 362/172 - square tubes shown 
Patent
                      Drawing 871317 Lantern-tube, Charles L Betts, Dietz Co R E, Nov 19, 1907, 362/178 - forming the tubes for a tubular latern
Patent
                      Drawing 962115 Burner-fastening for lamps and lanterns, Charles L Betts, Dietz Co R EJun 21, 1910, 431/324 - Bruner screws into oil pot, but can be locked in position using a collar to allow making the wick parallel to a reflector.
Patent
                      Drawing 1073465 Tubular lantern, Charles L Betts, Dietz Co R E, Sep 16, 1913, 362/173 - top air inlets are in sheet metal just above top of glass rather than a gap between the glass and sheet metal cap.

S - 4 - 28

The Dietz Hi-Lo is another "Hot Blast" design.
The "Royal" square tube design looks very much like the Victor.

Dietz D-Lite No.2 (Cold Blast)

151703 Lamps, J.H. Irwin, Jun 9, 1874, 362/171 -
patent
                            151703 Lamps, J.H. Irwin, Jun 9, 1874,
                            362/171 - Cold Balst keroscene lantern
211040 Lantern, J.W. Orphy, C.T. Hamm & F.D.W. Clarke, Dec 17, 1878, 362/171 -
211040 Lantern,
                      J.W. Orphy, C.T. Hamm & F.D.W. Clarke, Dec 17,
                      1878, 362/171 -
Fig 1 Back View
Dietz D-Lite
                      No.2 Cold Blast Keroscene Lantern
Fig 2 Right side view with globe hinged out.
The Lock-Knob wires were loose,
not grabbing the globe, so I squeezed them.
Dietz D-Lite
                      No.2 Cold Blast Keroscene Lantern
Fig 3 Notice metal plate above kerosene to make space for
air circulation
Dietz D-Lite
                      No.2 Cold Blast Keroscene Lantern
Fig 4 Top View
Dietz D-Lite
                      No.2 Cold Blast Keroscene Lantern
Fig 5 Globe in up position for lighting wick
Dietz D-Lite
                      No.2 Cold Blast Keroscene Lantern


36841 Lantern, J.H. Irwin, Nov 4, 1862, 362/180 - "dead-flame" type
RE1850 Lantern, J.H. Irwin, Jan 10, 1865, 362/181 -
65230 Lamp, J.R. Irwin, May 28, 1867, 362/171 - "hot-blast" principle
89770 Lantern, J.H. Irwin, (not assigned), May 4, 1869, 362/171 - classic "hot-blast" design with air flow shown.
RE8598 Lantern, J.H. Irwin, Charles B. Sawyer & Joseph S. Dennis, Feb 25, 1879, 362/171 - 89770 after some legal stuff?
95184 miners safety-lantern, Beaufils And Jacoues Rexroth, Sep 28, 1869, 362/164  -
99442 Lantern, J.H. Irwin, Feb 1, 1870,
362/176 - the "hot-blast" type and the beginning of the "tubular" type where air is routed through the tubes.
D45266 Tubular Lantern Frame, W. McArthur Jr., Feb 17, 1914 -a hot-blast design
D101112 Lantern or Similar Article, R. Gerth & Joseph Sinel, Dietz Co. (Wiki), Sept 8, 1936 -
151703 Lamps, J.H. Irwin, Jun 9, 1874, 362/171 - "cold-blast" principle - The inlet is at about the same height as the exhaust so that when there is vertical motion of the lantern it will not smoke or go out.
192087 Lantern, ,Frederick Dietz, Jun 19, 1877, 362/171 - allows blowing out the lantern without opening up the globe.
1067963 Lantern, Charles Bergener, C T Ham Mfg Company, Jul 22, 1913, 362/181 - railroad lantern, dead flame, not tubular
1067964
Tubular lantern, Charles W Bergener, C T Ham Mfg Company, Jul 22, 1913, 362/175, 235/86 - shorter wide top hole in globe for easy cleaning, and tip out of globe for easy access.  Nu-Style bought by Dietz, later the Dietz No. 90 with short fat globe.   
1415634
Lantern, William S Hamm, Adams & Westlake Co, May 9, 1922, 362/180 -  simple construction, Railroad signaling application - still made by Adlake    - replaced by electric version (see Flashlights)
1415635 Lantern, William S Hamm, Adams & Westlake Co, May 9, 1922, 220/764, 362/400 - Railroad signaling application - still made by Adlake 
1702048 Flame safety lamp, George Harry S, Union Carbide & Carbon Res Lab, Feb 12, 1929, 362/164 - miner's safety lantern, replaced carbide lamps
1795542 Lantern,
Robert A Currie, R. E. Dietz Co, Mar 10, 1931, 362/173 - non smoking with different fuels by adjusting the flue height
1809831 Lamp, Currie Robert A, R. E. Dietz Co, Jun 16, 1931, 431/324; 431/345 - Cannon Ball type Smudge pot or "Road Torch" to mark construction work at night. 
1858885 (Railroad) Lantern, Robert A Currie, Frank N Thiel, R. E. Dietz Co, May 17, 1932, 362/180 - The air currents in "hot-blast" and "cold-blast" lanterns do not work in railroad lanterns because of the high wind speeds and because of how the lantern is swung back and forth for signaling, so this uses niether of those.
2078125 Tubular lantern, Robert A Currie, R. E. Dietz Co, Apr 20, 1937, 362/173 - to also work as a railroad lantern?
211040 Lantern, J.W. Orphy, C.T. Hamm & F.D.W. Clarke, Dec 17, 1878, 362/171 - Cold Blast kerosene lantern,

Plain Kerosene Mantle lamps 

The Aladdin is the most common example.
Developed in Germany around the turn of the century (1900).
"An incandescent gas mantle, or Welsbach mantle is a device for generating bright white light when heated by a flame." (Wiki).  The output is mostly visible light with a minimum of IR.

"In 1908 the Mantle Lamp Company of America, an Illinois corporation, began the sale of kerosene mantle lamps and accessories therefor under the trade-mark "Aladdin." (Justia US Law).  In 1919 The Mantle Lamp Company created a wholly owned subsidiary named Aladdin industries.

408069 Incandescent gas lamp, Harold J. Bell, The welsbach Incandescent Gas Light Company, Jul 30, 1889, 431/280; 431/110 - natural gas (a vapor, not liquid) but uses a mantle for bright light.
916889 Kerosene incandescent lamp, Bernard F Roehrig, George Reichart, Mar 30, 1909, 431/102 -

Pressurized Kerosene Mantle Lamps

The Coleman is the most common example.

Developed in Germany around the turn of the century (1900).

"An incandescent gas mantle, gas mantle or Welsbach mantle is a device for generating bright white light when heated by a flame." (Wiki).  The output is mostly visible light with a minimum of IR.

"In 1908 the Mantle Lamp Company of America, an Illinois corporation, began the sale of kerosene mantle lamps and accessories therefor under the trade-mark "Aladdin." (Justia US Law).  In 1919 The Mantle Lamp Company created a wholly owned subsidiary named Aladdin industries.

The Model 139 is dual fuel: gasoline or kerosene.  Patent?

657936 Vapor-lamp, William H Irby, Sep 18, 1900, 431/106 - pressurized liquid fuel, mantle lamp
841667 GFasoline Lamp, William C Coleman, Jan 22, 1907, 431/106
408069 Incandescent gas lamp, Harold J. Bell, The welsbach Incandescent Gas Light Company, Jul 30, 1889, 431/280; 431/110 - natural gas (a vapor, not liquid) but uses a mantle for bright light.
916889 Kerosene incandescent lamp, Bernard F Roehrig, George Reichart, Mar 30, 1909, 431/102 -
1303462 Vapor-burner, William C Coleman, May 13, 1919, 362/180; 126/240 - Quicklite LQ327   
1653969 Air pump for pressure tanks, Ranck Edward Devine, Coleman Lamp Co, Dec 27, 1927, 417/441, 92/114 -
1749629 Apparatus for burning fuel, William C Coleman, Coleman Lamp And Stove Co, Mar 4, 1930, 431/37, 137/536, 431/210 - lamp starts by using carburated feul that's under air pressure then can be changed to use the vaproizer once it is hot.
1858264 Device for burning liquid fuels, William C Coleman, Coleman Lamp & Stove Co, May 17, 1932, 431/210, 431/231 - newer version of 1749629
2008882 Lamp, Boyd W Tullis, Coleman Lamp & Stove Co, Jul 23, 1935, 362/179 - Model 242
2108908 Vaporizing generator, Tullis Boyd W, (not assigned), Feb 22, 1938, - to minimize carbonizing gasoline so burner does not need to be replaced.
3529911 Burner assembly for gasoline lantern, Wilbur J Townsend, Coleman Co, Sep 22, 1970, 431/107, 431/241 -Model 220 220H - works w/leaded gasoline,
3807938 (RE29457) Fuel control means for burners, T Hastings, Coleman Co, Apr 30, 1974, 431/123, 126/38, 431/107, 137/244 - Model 275 - stove & lantern burner, single knob for both flame control and cleaner 

Carbide

These lamps (Wiki) are similar in that they have a two chamber design.  The top chamber holds water and the bottom chamber is for the Calcium Carbide (Wiki) and acetylene gas (Wiki).  There is a control that determines how fast the water drips on the Calcium Carbide rocks thus controlling the rate of acetylene gas generation.  The gas comes out from a nozzle with a very small hole and the flame is a long pencil like shape.  The light is close to white, unlike the flame from burning oil like candle which is very red.

One of the repair shops that worked on my uncle's earth moving equipment had an outdoor acetylene generator that was bigger than me.
Maybe the one described in patent
2189762 made by Prest-O-Lite Co. on or after 1937.

Also see the Big Bang Calcium Carbide Cannon.  The cannon uses Calcium Carbide that is the size of coarse ground pepper, but the lamps use small rocks maybe 1/4 to 1/2" across.  If they have sharp edges they are fresh.  But if exposed to moisture in the air the carbide is a grey color and you don't have as much active material.  Calcium Carbide typically comes in a can where the lid is air tight, or in a tooth past type of tube that's air tight.

Acme Miner's Lamp

Carbide Related: Miner's Lamp with 7" dia reflector, Cannon (17" overall length), Fine Grain size Calcium Carbide 16 oz can 4" tll x 3-5/16" dia. CheapCarbide.com - eBay:  carbide-cannons
16FC carbide is fine ground for the cannon, Pea size for carbide lamps.

Calcium
                      Carbide, Cannon & Miner's Lamp
Fig 1 Felt
ITP Lamp
                      Dewar Mfg. Co., Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S.A. Pat. Nov
                      2-1926
Lamp Marking:
ITP Lamp
                      Dewar Mfg. Co., Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S.A. Pat. Nov
                      2-1926
Carbide Tank:
 ITP Lamp Dewar Mfg. Co., Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S.A.
Pat. Nov 2-1926
Others Pending
Dewar Mfg. Co.
Brooklyn. N.Y., U.S.A.
1605505 Acetylene lamp, John M Brock, (not assigned), Nov 2, 1926, 48/4 -

1407610 Flash check for acetylene-gas tanks, Frank Westlund Albert, Prest O Lite Company Inc, Feb 21, 1922, 48/192, 138/40 - aluminum shavings or lead balls trapped between filter screens prevents fire from propagating back into tank. Is this the patent? Let me know.

This patent date showed up on an ITP Carbide Mine Lamp:
1068931 Acetylene-lamp, Alonzo Roach, Jul 29, 1913, 431/276, 362/160, 48/27 - sprinkler to distribute water over all of carbide + felt to keep limestone from plugging flame nozzle.
Water Feed Lever:
Polygon Feed
Patented 2-21-22
Water Tank:
Acme trade mark
Patented, Feb 21, 22
Made In U.S.A.

ITP Lamp
                      Dewar Mfg. Co., Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S.A. Pat. Nov
                      2-1926


Patent
                      Drawing 582548 Process of generating acetylene gas, Charles E. Rand, May 11, 1897, 48/216; 48/27; 48/35 - a very early carbide lamp  
Patent
                      Drawing 633655 Acetylene gas lamp, John A Mosher, Adams & Westlake Co, Sep 26, 1899, 48/27  -Railroad application, dual lens

1006715 Acetylene lamp, Charles L Betts, R E Dietz Co, Oct 24, 1911, 362/160, 48/4 - automobile or railroad use
Patent
                      Drawing 1424463 Acetylene lamp, William J Frisbie, Justrite Manufacturing Co, Filed: May 11, 1921 Pub: Aug 1, 1922, 362/160 - Classic miner's design - no longer used because of explosion problems, replaced by electric lights.  They had many patents related to
Acetylene lamps and their accessories.
Patent
                      Drawing D115123 Miner's Lamp, Charles S. Packer, Justrite Mfg Co, June 6, 1939


Related

Flashlights
Lighters - cigarette & Cigar
Lights 
Pop Guns - Big Bang Carbide Cannon  - BB Guns - mostly Daisy - including pellet guns

References

Aladdin: The Magic Name in Lamps, J. W Courte, 1997 - THE book for these.
Oil Lamps: The Kerosene Era in North America by Catherine M. V. Thuro, 1992
The International Guild of Lamp Researchers, Ltd  - most links broken (June 2017)
W. T. Kirkman Lanterns, Inc - many models of new lanterns and supplies & info.
Auer’s lamp - the invention of the gas mantle leads to the invention of a flint to light the gas.  Robert Bunsen (Wiki, Bunsen Burner) & Gustav Kirchhoff (Wiki) are mentioned.
Bunsen & Kirchhoff discovered Caesium and Rubidium in 1861m using optical spectrum analysis of flames. Wiki: History of spectroscopy - Flame emission spectroscopy -
MIT - History of Spectroscopy, A Perspective -
A Timeline of Atomic Spectroscopy - nine pages of dates and names, really great!
1450265 Hot-cathode tube, Joseph Slepian, Westinghouse Electric & Mfg Co, Apr 3, 1923, 313/103.00R, 313/156, 313/162, 313/161, 330/42 - heart of photo-multiplier tube (Wiki)
2285126 Electron multiplier, Jan A Rajchman, Jr Richard L Snyder, Rca Corp, Filed: Jul 28, 1939 Pub: Jun 2, 1942, 313/105.00R, 313/534, 313/350 - RCA 931 photo-multiplier tube

Links

PRC68, Alphanumeric Index of Web pages, Contact, Products for Sale
Page Created 2017 June 25