While buying some items that have to do with controlling fire for various purposes I tried to come up with a web page title that was general enough to cover them all rather than make new web pages for each one. But I already have a web page for the Big Bang Carbide Cannon and for cigarette and cigar lighters and light sources.
Patent Class 431 is titled "Combustion" and most of what's on this web page falls under this class.
While I have used a number of subheadings below, they are all very closely related. They all use a liquid fuel and need to vaporize it prior to burning. Note that candles and old wick in oil lamps actually are burning vapor not liquid fuel.
Fire making (Wiki)
There are many ways to start a fire. Cigarette - Cigar lighters used to be common when more people smoked. The flint used in a cigarette lighter is a key element of that device.
6" x 1/2" Ferro-Cerium Rod & Striker
837017 Pyrophoric alloy (Wiki), Carl Auer Von Welsbach (Wiki), Nov 27, 1906, 420/416; 252/181.6; 252/181.7; 431/273 - pure rare earth metals do not work. But Cerium (Wiki) when alloyed with ideally 30% iron. sparking by abrasion or concussion. Wiki: Ferrocerium aka: lighter flint
993998 Metallic alloy, Adolf Huber, Kunheim And Co, May 30, 1911, 420/416; 420/580 - includes 12% aluminum
1006849 Pyrophoric metal alloy, Georg Friedrich Hofmann, Oct 24, 1911, 420/580 - 5% Cerium with manganese and antimony (maybe for cigarette lighters?)
RE25558 Pyrophoric alloys without iron, Walter Bungardt, Ronson Metals Corporation, Apr 21, 1964, 420/416 -
3402029 Fire kindling method, Sampson Jr William S, Ulibarri Joe A, Watson John A, Ute Mountain Supply Company, Sep 17, 1968, 431/6, 44/506 - Mischmetal (Wiki) and magnesium
Blow Torch (Wiki)
Came in crushed box and air pump broken off.
A Turner Brass Works blowtorch on eBay has a bottom view that's very similar, so maybe that's who made this?
A very similar blowtorch on eBay says it's a "Fulton".
Typically worked with gasoline
Broken air pump
Fig 1 Notice metallic wicking material at top of dip tube.
Fig 2 Wick does not extend to bottom of dip tube.
1628739 Plumber's blowtorch, William F Pagel, May 17, 1927 - has the same feel
887743 Apparatus for removing paint, Joseph Hendrik Storm Jr, Petrus Hermanus Van Haselen, Joseph Hendrik Storm Jr, May 12, 1908, 126/401; 15/236.01; 30/140; 30/169 - 918006 Vapor-torch, Wilfrid Chausse, Landon P Smith, Guy Osborn, Wilfrid Chausse, Apr 13, 1909, 431/243 - paint burner, soldering iron heater, air pump, coil in flame to vaporize gasoline. 937757 Air-pump for blow-torches, Otto Bernz, Oct 26, 1909, 92/23; 417/497 - an accessory air pump for a blow torch 1364194 Torch, Otto J Groehn, Clayton & Lambert Mfg Company, Jan 4, 1921, 220/756; 220/651; 220/759; 431/320 - handle can be replaced with air pump. 1421031 Burner for liquid hydrocarbon fuel, Francis P Schmitt, Peerblow Mfg Company, Jun 27, 1922, 431/123 -pre-heat fuel tray
1135072 431/242 - air pump no fuel tray, - easier to clean nozzle and replace pre-heating tube.
1538634 Torch-burner construction, Otto J Groehn, Clayton & Lambert Mfg Company, May 19, 1925, 431/123 - pre-heat tray, 2 knobs - separates orifice cleaning and control valve. 2793504 Portable apparatus utilizing pressurized gas fuel, Webster Milo E, Otto Bernz Co Inc, May 28, 1957, 137/322, 137/614.2, 222/3, 222/491, 222/540, 431/344 - Bernz-O-Matic - uses propane for fuel, rather than a liquid fuel.
2804918 Retort burner and blowtorch incorporating the same, Richard J Brown, David L Raymond, Hupp Corp, Sep 3, 1957, 431/220, 431/216, 431/242 - preheats air 2888979 Hand torch, Lindgren William L, Turner Brass Works, Jun 2, 1959, 239/337, 222/3, 239/533.15, 62/50.7, 137/511, 62/48.1, 239/572, 239/562, 431/349 - uses disposable propane tank.
This is a propane torch (Wiki) head for a hand held 14.1 ounce propane tank. It includes a piezo lighter. These air fed torches can get up to about 3,623 °F. Hotter than a butane torch (Wiki).
It's been my experience that leaving the torch head on the tank results in an empty tank. Best to remove the torch head from tank when not in use.
4526532 Self-igniting torch, John M. Nelson, Newell Companies, Inc., Jul 2, 1985, 431/255, 431/264, 251/353, 239/579, 239/401, 251/354 4666399 Low pressure gas torch burner, John M. Nelson, Newell Companies, Inc., May 19, 1987, 431/264, 431/344, 431/353 4954078 Spark igniter system, John M. Nelson, Newell Companies, Inc., Sep 4, 1990, 431/255, 431/266, 315/209.0PZ, 313/123
Butane Micro Torch Item# TZ6915
about $10 on eBay
This is a butane torch (Wiki). The original was patented I think with trade name: Blazer Micro Torch.
4597732 Burner device, Sadao Yoshinaga, Prince Industrial Development Co., Ltd., Jul 1, 1986, 431/255, 431/344 - manufactured first by Blazer Technology
Fig 1 Left to Right:
1. Otto Bernz, Newark, N.J. Benz-O-Matic (Wiki)
There appears to be a blow tube but it's open on both ends. If it was a round tube where you could attach flexible tubing that would make sense, but this is a rectangular tube. Brik Mfg. Co., Niantic, Conn made a "solid Fuel" "Super Jet" torch with an identical flat type blow pipe which by means of a special adapter was fed by a round tube.
2. Harmic Mfg. Company, Pa\A, Bestjet Alcohol Blowtorch
2628671 Wick-type liquid fuel hand torch having wick-fed retort, Silverman Myer Allen, Sherman Harry, Liberman Hyman, Feb 17, 1953, 431/230, 431/146 - single larger diameter tube instead of two separate tubes. "Bestjet"
4. Scovill Mfg. Co., Waterbury, Conn. The "Imp" Handtoch
e 1929039 Torch, Schaff Almanzo, Scovill Manufacturing Co, Oct 3, 1933, 431/241 - "Imp"
524526 Lamp, Jacob Geiser, Aug 14, 1894, 431/218; 431/230 - vapor generated by the application of heat to the wick-tube is burned in lieu of the inflammable liquid itself
712097 Automatic blowpipe, August C Rosenbrook, Oct 28, 1902, 431/230; 431/231 - heat from flame vaporizes alcohol in supply tube and pressurizes system
901307 Hydrocarbon-torch, Francis B Carleton, Oct 13, 1908, 431/241 - heat from flame vaporizes alcohol in supply tube and pressurizes system
992399 Automatic pressure-torch, Otto Bernz, May 16, 1911, 431/123; 362/159; 431/241 - wick inside freed tube uses capillary action to get alcohol near heated tube so it can vaporize
1296869 Blow-torch, Leon U Snow, Mar 11, 1919, 431/230 - single cylinder, but same operation as above units.
1551069 Automatic blowtorch, Stanczyk Stanley, D. Allen Lenk, Aug 25, 1925, 431/204, 431/230 -
1604751 Blowtorch, Lester L Lasher, Lasher-Peerblow Co., Oct 26, 1926, 431/230 - 2 long cylinders, one with a wick and alcohol and the other with liquid alcohol with a bent tube with nozzle.
1684524 Torch, Stanczyk Stanley, (not assigned), Sep 18, 1928, 431/230 - tank split with horizontal divider, bottom feeds heater, top pressure nozzle. Requires access port on bottom side wall.
1772254 Alcohol torch, Joseph M Imfeld, Otto Bernz Co Inc, Aug 5, 1930, 431/203, 431/343 - single can construction
2442394 Blowtorch with continuously burning vaporizer and igniter, Baum Horace L, Jun 1, 1948, 431/230 -
521128 Vapor-stove, Henry Ruppel, Filed: Oct 7, 1893 Pub: Jun 5, 1894, 431/218; 126/44 - using vapor pressure caused by heating, rather than air pump.
174366 vapor-burning stove, Thomas B. Jeffery, & F. Rosengren, Mar 7, 1876, 431/205 - I'm guessing the cup "D" is a pre-heat tray
2402139 Preheater for liquid fuel burners of the pressure type, Charles Hebard Hugh, Mantle Lamp Company, Jun 18, 1946, 137/244, 137/605, - cleaning needle keeps oriface open
Coleman 520 & 530 G.I. Pocket Stove2363098 Burner for fuels containing tetraethyl lead, Boyd W. Tullis, Coleman Lamp & Stove Co, Filed: Jan 12, 1942 Pub: Nov 21, 1944, 431/123, 431/350, 126/44, 431/207 - Model 520 & 520 G.I. Pocket Stove (Wiki) "lead" was used in gasoline between the 1920s and in the 2000s was phased out for road vehicles in the U.S. - the problem this patent solves relates to Hydrocarbon gums, coloring materials and tetraethyl lead that clog the hot vaporizer
2363099 Burner for fuels containing tetraethyl lead and other objectionable foreign matter, Boyd W. Tullis, Coleman Lamp & Stove Co, Filed: Jan 12, 1942 Pub: Nov 21, 1944, 431/207, 126/44, 431/344 - for burners of 5,000 BTU or less patent 2363098 works, but for burners of 10,000 BTU or more a way is needed to cool the vaporizer discharge tip to allow the higher boiling point fractions to escape before being carbonized.
2465572 Portable stove for burning liquid fuel, Carl Bramming, Mantle Lamp Co America, Filed: Apr 15, 1943 Pub: Mar 29, 1949, 431/344, 431/353, 126/38, 431/225, 431/227, 431/343, 126/44, 126/9.00R - a Pocket Stove, many sheet metal parts for lower cost, air pump also used to store spare parts,
2478364 Fuel valve and nozzle cleaning mechanism for portable liquid fuel burners, Carl Bramming, Aladdin Ind Inc, Filed: Jun 5, 1944 Pub: Aug 9, 1949, 431/123, 126/44, 126/38, 431/227 -
2500610 Portable hydrocarbon furnace, Thomas Keller, Cedarberg Mfg Company Inc, Filed: Jun 11, 1945 Pub: Mar 14, 1950, 431/246, 431/344 - kerosene, pre-heat fuel tray
Wicks (Wiki) do not work by burning themselves, but rather they use Capillary action (Wiki) to raise liquid fuel near the flame which vaporizes the liquid into a gas that then burns. The strength of the capillary action depends: directly onthe surface tension (Wiki) and inversely on: density (Wiki), inside radius of the tube and acceleration of gravity.
Oil lamps (Wiki) have been around for thousands of years, the simplest being a cup with wick where the flame is close to the top of the liquid so that thick oils will work. Maybe 1,000 years after oil lamps candles (Wiki) were invented. Whale Oil (Wiki) was used in lamps for about 100 years from 1800 to 1900.
Argand Lamps (Wiki) were an improvement on first generation oil lamps and were replaced with kerosene (Wiki) lamps. The key elements were one, a hollow circular wick so that air could be provided on both the outside and through the center making for more light and cleaner burning. Later called a "central draft lamp" and two, raising the fount (reservoir) above the burner so that fuels with low capillary action could be used. This was during the time of vegetable oil lamps.
This particular lamp has been in the same family for a number of generations. They referred to it as the "Whale Oil" lamp and there were Whaling boat captains in the family.
Fig 1 One original chimney and one replacement.
Fig 2 Old Waldom & Woldman catalog.
Fig 3 Burner, but photos not clear.
Fig 4 Oil reservoir
Fig 5 Oil reservoir
Fig 6 Burner marked:
Messenger & sons
63 Hatton Garden London
7052 Gas Apparatus, A. Gesner (Wiki), Jan 29, 1850, 48/102R; 48/211 -A practical treatise on coal petroleum and other distilled oils by Gresner, 1861 - pdf - "practical not theoretical" pg 78: "The greater the quantity of carbon, in proportion to the hydrogen any one of them contains, the greater is the specific gravity, the higher its boiling point, density of vapor, and tendency to smoke when employed for the purpose of illumination."
11204 Improvement in kerosene burning-fluids, Abraham Gesner, The asphalt Mining And Kerosene Gas Company, Jun 27, 1854 208/272; 208/265; 208/273; 208/295 -
11205 Improvement in kerosene burning-fluids, Abraham Gesner, The asphalt Mining And Kerosene Gas Company, Jun 27, 1854 208/272; 208/265; 208/273; 208/295-
12936 Improvement in burning-fluids, Abraham Gesner, North American Kerosene Gas Lighting Co., May 22, 1855, 44/451 -
12987 Improvement in burning-fluid compounds, Abraham Gesner, North American Kerosene Gas Lighting Co., May 29, 1855, 44/451-
Kerosene LampsThe earliest examples of kerosene lamps (Wiki) were simple wick lamps and later a glass chimney was added probably first to keep wind from blowing out the flame and later to make an updraft to fan the flame. As explained on the Wiki page there are many types of kerosene lamps. One type of plain kerosene lantern is called either barn, hurricane or railroad. These are typically made up of a sheet metal frame that traps the glass globe at the top and bottom and have a bail for carrying or hanging. The "cold-blast" type burns brighter than other versions without a mantle. The earlier "hot-blast" type used air that had been used in burning and so did not have as much oxygen. The even earlier (1850 - 1860) "glass globe" lanterns with "dead-flame" were even dimmer.
Fig 2 Latch at top left
Fig 3 Press latch to open lid
Hold latch to clear globe
Fig 1 Very poor packaging, but it survived (by luck!)
Fig 2 Note many holes in base to let in air.
Fig 3 Patd:
many central air holes
Feb 28, 1905
(783799 Wick Raiser)
Nov 20, 1894
(9529496 Air Distributer)
Dec 31, 1895
(552327 Lamp Burner)
Apr 23, 1895
(537849 Wick Adjuster)
Mar 24, 1896
(556980 Air Distributer)
Fig 4 Wick lifter turned up
Patd June 7, 1898
(605186 Wick Lifter)
Fig 5 threads on bottom, many external air holes.
Fig 6 Top View.The meaning of "Central Draft" is clear.
Cap marked: Made in United States of America.
Fig 7 The meaning of "Central Draft" is clear. Bottom view
373376 Standard Lamp, William A Penfield, Bradley & Hubbard Mfg Co, Nov 15, 1887, 248/414 -
389375 Shade Ring for Hanging Lamps, Emil Fisher, Bradley & Hubbard Mfg Co, Sep 11, 1888, 362/441 -
421171 Central Draft Lamp, J. Jauch, Bradley & Hubbard Mfg Co, Feb 11, 1890, 431/309 -
427870 Central Draft Lamp, Joseph Jauch, Bradley & Hubbard Mfg Co, May 13, 1890, 431/309 -
473667 Central Draft Lamp, Joseph Jauch, Bradley & Hubbard Mfg Co, Apr 26, 1892, 431/309 -
474171 Wick Raiser for Central Draft Lamps, Joseph Jauch, Bradley & Hubbard Mfg Co, May 3, 1892, 431/308 -
502926 Cap for Filling Nipples of Lamp Founts, Joseph Jauch, Bradley & Hubbard Mfg Co, Aug 8, 1893, 220/816 - spring loaded so will not be lost
512967 Suspension RIng for Harps for Hanging Lamps, Joseph Jauch, Bradley & Hubbard Mfg Co, Jan 16, 1894, 362/417; 232/41R -
529496 Air Distributer for Central-Draft Lamps, Joseph Jauch, the Bradley and Hubbard Mfg. Co., Nov 20, 1894, 431/309 -
537849 Wick Adjuster for Central Draft Lamps, William A. Penfield, Bradley & Hubbard Mfg. Co., Apr 23, 1895, 431/308 -
552327 Lamp Burner, William A Penfield, Bradley & Hubbard Mfg Co, Dec 31, 1895, 431/302 -
556980 Air Distributer for Central Draft Lamps, W.C. Homan, Edward Miller & Co. (Wiki), Mar 24, 1896, 431/309 -
553686 Cooking Lamp, W.A. Penfield, Bradley & Hubbard Mfg. Co.,Jan 28, 1896, 431/321; 122/44.2 -
554491 Lamp Burner, Joseph Jauch, Bradley & Hubbard Mfg Co, Feb 11, 1896, 431/251 -
576413 Lid for Alcohol Lamps, William A Penfield, Bradley & Hubbard Mfg Co, Feb 2, 1897, 431/152 -
589220 Bicycle Bell, William A Penfield, Bradley & Hubbard Mfg Co, Aug 31, 1897, 116/159 -
605186 Wick-lifting device, William A Penfield, Bradley & Hubbard Mfg Co, Jun 7, 1898, 431/308 -
641862 Acetylene-gas lamp, Joseph Jauch, Bradley & Hubbard Mfg Co, Jan 23, 1900, 48/53.4; 48/53.1 - interesting construction
644008 Suspension device for lamps, &c., Emil Fisher, Bradley & Hubbard Mfg Co, Feb 20, 1900, 242/378; 242/381 -
672178 Indicator for lamp-founts, William A Penfield, Bradley & Hubbard Mfg Co, Apr 16, 1901, 73/317 - floating cork drives gas gauge
678126 Combined wick-stop and flame-extinguisher, William Allen Penfield, Bradley & Hubbard Mfg Co, Jul 9, 1901, 431/309 -
783799 Wick-raiser for central-draft lamps, William Allen Penfield, Bradley & Hubbard Mfg Co, Feb 28, 1905, 431/307 -
914804 Candlestick, Reuben F Crooke, Bradley & Hubbard Mfg Co, Mar 9, 1909, 431/290 - internal spring pushes candle up to flame stays at same place
1056682 Shade or globe holder, Frank S Hubbard, Alfred P Hirschfeld, Bradley & Hubbard Mfg Co, Mar 18, 1913, 362/437 -
1082284 Air-distributer for central-draft lamps, William A Penfield, Bradley & Hubbard Mfg Co, Dec 23, 1913, 431/309 - improvement on 529496 (556980 not mentioned) -will work with heavier oil than common burners
1489887 Shade holder, Alfred P Hirschfeld, Bradley & Hubbard Mfg Co, Apr 8, 1924, 362/437 - hanging (swag)
This is a square tube design that came before the more economical to manufacture round tube design. The first of the "tubular" lanterns.
89770 Lantern, J.H. Irwin, (not assigned), May 4, 1869, 362/171
Fig 1 Front showing cork in fill hole
wick adjusting knob, and lift lever
LOC-NOB (Lock knob)
Rec,d U.S. Pat Off
Oil tank marked:
DIETZ No. 0
Fig 2 Back
Oil tank marked:
Fig 3 Globe in up position.
Globe Lock Knob Patents
1089912 Lantern, Frederick Dietz, Dietz Co R E, Mar 10, 1914, 362/177 - globe can be tipped back and stay in wire cage because of knobs at sides. You can see them in Fig 1 above, but noticed that the No. 1 lantern does not have wires that made with them so the above lantern does not support tipping the globe.
D51721 Lantern Globe, F. Dietz, R.E> Dietz Co., Feb 18, 1918, D26/128 - Wide top and bottom opening and knobs for tipping.
1476117 Lantern, Duyn Frederick W Van, Dietz Co R E, Dec 4, 1923, 362/177 - the knobs are shaped as ramps or cams allowing the globe to be rotated on the globe plate to engage the globe clamping wires. Since the wires have a concave shape adjacent to the globe knobs it will not rotate out of the locked position.
This has a strong similarity to the Hot Blast patent 89770 (RE8598)
Note there's an air gap between the top of the glass globe and the sheet metal cap just above it.
The wire frame (non tubular) lanterns have no air gap between the glass and the sheet metal top that holds it.
The Dietz Monarch (New York U.S.A.) (No. 10?) is very similar but has round tubes and the following patent dates:
628804 Lantern, James H Hill, (not assigned), Jul 11, 1899, 362/177 - base of globe hinges
765696 Tubular lamp or lantern, Charles L Betts, Dietz Co R E, Jul 26, 1904, 362/172 - square tubes shown 871317 Lantern-tube, Charles L Betts, Dietz Co R E, Nov 19, 1907, 362/178 - forming the tubes for a tubular latern
962115 Burner-fastening for lamps and lanterns, Charles L Betts, Dietz Co R E, Jun 21, 1910, 431/324 - Bruner screws into oil pot, but can be locked in position using a collar to allow making the wick parallel to a reflector.
1073465 Tubular lantern, Charles L Betts, Dietz Co R E, Sep 16, 1913, 362/173 - top air inlets are in sheet metal just above top of glass rather than a gap between the glass and sheet metal cap.
S - 4 - 28
The Dietz Hi-Lo is another "Hot Blast" design.
The "Royal" square tube design looks very much like the Victor.
151703 Lamps, J.H. Irwin, Jun 9, 1874, 362/171 -
211040 Lantern, J.W. Orphy, C.T. Hamm & F.D.W. Clarke, Dec 17, 1878, 362/171 -
Fig 1 Back View
Fig 2 Right side view with globe hinged out.
The Lock-Knob wires were loose,
not grabbing the globe, so I squeezed them.
Fig 3 Notice metal plate above kerosene to make space for
Fig 4 Top View
Fig 5 Globe in up position for lighting wick
36841 Lantern, J.H. Irwin, Nov 4, 1862, 362/180 - "dead-flame" type
RE1850 Lantern, J.H. Irwin, Jan 10, 1865, 362/181 -
65230 Lamp, J.R. Irwin, May 28, 1867, 362/171 - "hot-blast" principle
89770 Lantern, J.H. Irwin, (not assigned), May 4, 1869, 362/171 - classic "hot-blast" design with air flow shown.
RE8598 Lantern, J.H. Irwin, Charles B. Sawyer & Joseph S. Dennis, Feb 25, 1879, 362/171 - 89770 after some legal stuff?
95184 miners safety-lantern, Beaufils And Jacoues Rexroth, Sep 28, 1869, 362/164 -
99442 Lantern, J.H. Irwin, Feb 1, 1870, 362/176 - the "hot-blast" type and the beginning of the "tubular" type where air is routed through the tubes.
D45266 Tubular Lantern Frame, W. McArthur Jr., Feb 17, 1914 -a hot-blast design
D101112 Lantern or Similar Article, R. Gerth & Joseph Sinel, Dietz Co. (Wiki), Sept 8, 1936 -
151703 Lamps, J.H. Irwin, Jun 9, 1874, 362/171 - "cold-blast" principle - The inlet is at about the same height as the exhaust so that when there is vertical motion of the lantern it will not smoke or go out.
192087 Lantern, ,Frederick Dietz, Jun 19, 1877, 362/171 - allows blowing out the lantern without opening up the globe.
1067963 Lantern, Charles Bergener, C T Ham Mfg Company, Jul 22, 1913, 362/181 - railroad lantern, dead flame, not tubular
1067964 Tubular lantern, Charles W Bergener, C T Ham Mfg Company, Jul 22, 1913, 362/175, 235/86 - shorter wide top hole in globe for easy cleaning, and tip out of globe for easy access. Nu-Style bought by Dietz, later the Dietz No. 90 with short fat globe.
1415634 Lantern, William S Hamm, Adams & Westlake Co, May 9, 1922, 362/180 - simple construction, Railroad signaling application - still made by Adlake - replaced by electric version (see Flashlights)
1415635 Lantern, William S Hamm, Adams & Westlake Co, May 9, 1922, 220/764, 362/400 - Railroad signaling application - still made by Adlake
1702048 Flame safety lamp, George Harry S, Union Carbide & Carbon Res Lab, Feb 12, 1929, 362/164 - miner's safety lantern, replaced carbide lamps
1795542 Lantern, Robert A Currie, R. E. Dietz Co, Mar 10, 1931, 362/173 - non smoking with different fuels by adjusting the flue height
1809831 Lamp, Currie Robert A, R. E. Dietz Co, Jun 16, 1931, 431/324; 431/345 - Cannon Ball type Smudge pot or "Road Torch" to mark construction work at night.
1858885 (Railroad) Lantern, Robert A Currie, Frank N Thiel, R. E. Dietz Co, May 17, 1932, 362/180 - The air currents in "hot-blast" and "cold-blast" lanterns do not work in railroad lanterns because of the high wind speeds and because of how the lantern is swung back and forth for signaling, so this uses niether of those.
2078125 Tubular lantern, Robert A Currie, R. E. Dietz Co, Apr 20, 1937, 362/173 - to also work as a railroad lantern?
211040 Lantern, J.W. Orphy, C.T. Hamm & F.D.W. Clarke, Dec 17, 1878, 362/171 - Cold Blast kerosene lantern,
The Aladdin is the most common example.
Developed in Germany around the turn of the century (1900).
"An incandescent gas mantle, or Welsbach mantle is a device for generating bright white light when heated by a flame." (Wiki). The output is mostly visible light with a minimum of IR.
"In 1908 the Mantle Lamp Company of America, an Illinois corporation, began the sale of kerosene mantle lamps and accessories therefor under the trade-mark "Aladdin." (Justia US Law). In 1919 The Mantle Lamp Company created a wholly owned subsidiary named Aladdin industries.408069 Incandescent gas lamp, Harold J. Bell, The welsbach Incandescent Gas Light Company, Jul 30, 1889, 431/280; 431/110 - natural gas (a vapor, not liquid) but uses a mantle for bright light.
916889 Kerosene incandescent lamp, Bernard F Roehrig, George Reichart, Mar 30, 1909, 431/102 -
The Coleman is the most common example.
Developed in Germany around the turn of the century (1900).
"An incandescent gas mantle, gas mantle or Welsbach mantle is a device for generating bright white light when heated by a flame." (Wiki). The output is mostly visible light with a minimum of IR.
"In 1908 the Mantle Lamp Company of America, an Illinois corporation, began the sale of kerosene mantle lamps and accessories therefor under the trade-mark "Aladdin." (Justia US Law). In 1919 The Mantle Lamp Company created a wholly owned subsidiary named Aladdin industries.
The Model 139 is dual fuel: gasoline or kerosene. Patent?657936 Vapor-lamp, William H Irby, Sep 18, 1900, 431/106 - pressurized liquid fuel, mantle lamp
841667 GFasoline Lamp, William C Coleman, Jan 22, 1907, 431/106 -
408069 Incandescent gas lamp, Harold J. Bell, The welsbach Incandescent Gas Light Company, Jul 30, 1889, 431/280; 431/110 - natural gas (a vapor, not liquid) but uses a mantle for bright light.
916889 Kerosene incandescent lamp, Bernard F Roehrig, George Reichart, Mar 30, 1909, 431/102 -
1303462 Vapor-burner, William C Coleman, May 13, 1919, 362/180; 126/240 - Quicklite LQ327
1653969 Air pump for pressure tanks, Ranck Edward Devine, Coleman Lamp Co, Dec 27, 1927, 417/441, 92/114 -
1749629 Apparatus for burning fuel, William C Coleman, Coleman Lamp And Stove Co, Mar 4, 1930, 431/37, 137/536, 431/210 - lamp starts by using carburated feul that's under air pressure then can be changed to use the vaproizer once it is hot.
1858264 Device for burning liquid fuels, William C Coleman, Coleman Lamp & Stove Co, May 17, 1932, 431/210, 431/231 - newer version of 1749629
2008882 Lamp, Boyd W Tullis, Coleman Lamp & Stove Co, Jul 23, 1935, 362/179 - Model 242
2108908 Vaporizing generator, Tullis Boyd W, (not assigned), Feb 22, 1938, - to minimize carbonizing gasoline so burner does not need to be replaced.
3529911 Burner assembly for gasoline lantern, Wilbur J Townsend, Coleman Co, Sep 22, 1970, 431/107, 431/241 -Model 220 220H - works w/leaded gasoline,
3807938 (RE29457) Fuel control means for burners, T Hastings, Coleman Co, Apr 30, 1974, 431/123, 126/38, 431/107, 137/244 - Model 275 - stove & lantern burner, single knob for both flame control and cleaner
These lamps (Wiki) are similar in that they have a two chamber design. The top chamber holds water and the bottom chamber is for the Calcium Carbide (Wiki) and acetylene gas (Wiki). There is a control that determines how fast the water drips on the Calcium Carbide rocks thus controlling the rate of acetylene gas generation. The gas comes out from a nozzle with a very small hole and the flame is a long pencil like shape. The light is close to white, unlike the flame from burning oil like candle which is very red.
One of the repair shops that worked on my uncle's earth moving equipment had an outdoor acetylene generator that was bigger than me.
Maybe the one described in patent 2189762 made by Prest-O-Lite Co. on or after 1937.
Also see the Big Bang Calcium Carbide Cannon. The cannon uses Calcium Carbide that is the size of coarse ground pepper, but the lamps use small rocks maybe 1/4 to 1/2" across. If they have sharp edges they are fresh. But if exposed to moisture in the air the carbide is a grey color and you don't have as much active material. Calcium Carbide typically comes in a can where the lid is air tight, or in a tooth past type of tube that's air tight.
Carbide Related: Miner's Lamp with 7" dia reflector, Cannon (17" overall length), Fine Grain size Calcium Carbide 16 oz can 4" tll x 3-5/16" dia. CheapCarbide.com - eBay: carbide-cannons
16FC carbide is fine ground for the cannon, Pea size for carbide lamps.
Fig 1 Felt
ITP Lamp Dewar Mfg. Co., Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S.A.
Pat. Nov 2-1926
Dewar Mfg. Co.
Brooklyn. N.Y., U.S.A.
1605505 Acetylene lamp, John M Brock, (not assigned), Nov 2, 1926, 48/4 -
1407610 Flash check for acetylene-gas tanks, Frank Westlund Albert, Prest O Lite Company Inc, Feb 21, 1922, 48/192, 138/40 - aluminum shavings or lead balls trapped between filter screens prevents fire from propagating back into tank. Is this the patent? Let me know.
This patent date showed up on an ITP Carbide Mine Lamp:
1068931 Acetylene-lamp, Alonzo Roach, Jul 29, 1913, 431/276, 362/160, 48/27 - sprinkler to distribute water over all of carbide + felt to keep limestone from plugging flame nozzle.
Water Feed Lever:
Acme trade mark
Patented, Feb 21, 22
Made In U.S.A.
582548 Process of generating acetylene gas, Charles E. Rand, May 11, 1897, 48/216; 48/27; 48/35 - a very early carbide lamp 633655 Acetylene gas lamp, John A Mosher, Adams & Westlake Co, Sep 26, 1899, 48/27 -Railroad application, dual lens
1006715 Acetylene lamp, Charles L Betts, R E Dietz Co, Oct 24, 1911, 362/160, 48/4 - automobile or railroad use
1424463 Acetylene lamp, William J Frisbie, Justrite Manufacturing Co, Filed: May 11, 1921 Pub: Aug 1, 1922, 362/160 - Classic miner's design - no longer used because of explosion problems, replaced by electric lights. They had many patents related to
Acetylene lamps and their accessories.
D115123 Miner's Lamp, Charles S. Packer, Justrite Mfg Co, June 6, 1939
This Mr. Heater model MH9BX (Home Depot) is a small propane powered space heater working on the catalytic principle (Wiki). It's California rated for indoor/outdoor use, meaning it does not generate carbon monoxide. It does however burn the oxygen from the air and so not to be used in a small well sealed space. It runs from a 1# propane bottle or with the optional adapter from a larger propane tank. Includes a piezo pilot light starter and requires no electricity.
Aladdin: The Magic Name in Lamps, J. W Courte, 1997 - THE book for these.
Oil Lamps: The Kerosene Era in North America by Catherine M. V. Thuro, 1992
The International Guild of Lamp Researchers, Ltd - most links broken (June 2017)
W. T. Kirkman Lanterns, Inc - many models of new lanterns and supplies & info.
Auer’s lamp - the invention of the gas mantle leads to the invention of a flint to light the gas. Robert Bunsen (Wiki, Bunsen Burner) & Gustav Kirchhoff (Wiki) are mentioned.
Bunsen & Kirchhoff discovered Caesium and Rubidium in 1861m using optical spectrum analysis of flames. Wiki: History of spectroscopy - Flame emission spectroscopy -
MIT - History of Spectroscopy, A Perspective -
A Timeline of Atomic Spectroscopy - nine pages of dates and names, really great!
1450265 Hot-cathode tube, Joseph Slepian, Westinghouse Electric & Mfg Co, Apr 3, 1923, 313/103.00R, 313/156, 313/162, 313/161, 330/42 - heart of photo-multiplier tube (Wiki)
2285126 Electron multiplier, Jan A Rajchman, Jr Richard L Snyder, Rca Corp, Filed: Jul 28, 1939 Pub: Jun 2, 1942, 313/105.00R, 313/534, 313/350 - RCA 931 photo-multiplier tube
PRC68, Alphanumeric Index of Web pages, Contact, Products for Sale
Page Created 2017 June 25