MSC2001 Voice Encryption Unit (VEU)

© Brooke Clarke, N6GCE 2004 - 2012



MSC2001 Voice
                  Encryption Unit
MSC2001 Voice
                  Encryption Unit
MSC2001 Voice
                  Encryption Unit




Background
Construction
Connector Pinouts
DC Power
A58 Module (aka VEU-2001)
Testing
Links

Background

As far as I know, no one has got a pair of these surplus units to operate.
This is another voice security device used with radios like the PRC-77.  This box has an identical function as the KYV-2, KY-38 or KY-57 Transmission Encryption Devices, although it uses a different algorithm.

In order to use it two things need to be accomplished:
(1) a key needs to be loaded into one or more of the 8 slots.
There are a number of key loaders for the U.S. crypto boxes including the CV-4228 PC to SINCGARS fill cable.  This fill cable uses the RTS and DTR lines to generate the Clock and Data streams (NOT the transmit data line which has no clock).  This method is much simpler in terms of hardware, but more complex in terms of software than building a custom key loader for the MSC-2001.

A very simple cable could be made by wiring the RS-232 outputs from RTS and DTR directly to the clock and data pins on the MSC-2001.  No active parts are required and the same software that drives the CV-4228 could be used.
(2) an interface needs to be used between the MSC-2001 and the radio.

Vehicle

The KY-57 is used with the J-3513 Junction Box that interconnects the KY-57, radio, DC power supply, and Vehicle Inter Communication (VIC) equipment or wire line adapters.  The J-3513 (or the smaller J-3514) might also work as the interface between the MSC-2001 and the rest of the system?

Manpack

It may be that just a cable could be used between the MSC-2001 and a PRC-77, like the CX-12991/U between the KY-57 and PRC-77.  The pin assignments on the MSC-2001 strongly suggest this is the case. Although the cable is NOT a 1 to 1, it's close.

Construction

This is the model S42043-E9-B104 with a code selection switch.
There are two main printed circuit boards using through hole components.  The boards appear to be double sided with the bottom traces generally going left to right and the top traces going up to down.  A 40 pin IC (probably a micro processor) is in a socket formed using 40 individual sockets.  Nearby are what appear to be a couple of ROM chips. 

There's also 5 daughter printed circuit boards which use surface mount technology and have been painted red.  Four of these red boards have 3 or 4 each ICs with 6 leads, most likely op amps.  None of them have any higher pin count chips so they most likely are analog processing.

Another larger daughter board has a couple of pot core type inductors/transformers and has the feel of a switching mode power supply.  It has a 74S40 Switching Mode Power Supply controller IC rated at 1.5 Amps and 100 kHz.

There's a couple of green wire wrap wires soldered to the bottom of one of the printed circuit boards indicating a "fix" was needed.

The 3.4 Volt "AA" size battery in this unused unit was completely dead (0.0 Volts).

There's a lot of 14 pin 14xxx series CMOS ICs: MC14001 Quad 2-Input NOR gate, MC14013 Dual Type D Flip-Flop, MC14015 Dual 4-Bit Shift Register, MC14024 7-Stage Ripple Counter, MC14025 Triple 3-Input NOR Gate, MC14035 4-Bit Parallel-In/Parallel-Out Shift Register, MC14066 Quad Analog Switch, MC14070 Quad XOR and NOR Gates, MC14519 4-Bit AND/OR Selector or Quad XOR, MC14572 Hex Gate, and some other chips near the 40 pin IC.

There are two connectors, both of which are the same as the POWER connector on a PRC-77 radio.  One is labeled REMOTE and may be used in an aircraft installation to control the MODE selection of which code to use.  The other connector is marked TX/RX and is the interface to the PRC-77 or other wide band radio.  The REMOTE connector is also used for loading up to 8 keys.

The Tx/Rx connector has the following pins connected to the same letter pin on the REMOTE connector: A, B, C, D, E, F, J.  On my unit with the front panel switch, I see no way the REMOTE connector can control the channel selection.  Maybe it does on the other version.  The REMOTE does have the key load connections which are not on the TX/RX connector.

The MODE switch has 8 channel positions for different keys plus positions for CLEAR speech and CODE ERASE.  The switch has no mechanical stops and can be turned completely in a circle.  There's a thin plastic disk on the switch shaft under the knob that has a pointer sticking out past the diameter of the knob.  If the switch is turned either clockwise or counterclockwise to the CODE ERASE position the thin plastic disk breaks into two pieces.  If this happens you can use acrylic cement (solvent) to fix the disk.

The 10 position Grayhill - Series 71 (marked on back 81073) switch has only 5 wires connecting it to the rest of the MSC-2001.  This is a 1, 2, 4, 8 binary switch.  The black wire is ground, Violet is 1, Orange is 2, Yellow is 4, and Green is 8.  Decimal position 0 is labeled 1, position 7 is labeled 8, position 8 is labeled CLEAR and position 9 is labeled CODE ERASE.

Connectors

There are 2 connectors on the MSC2001 one labeled Tx/Tx used for the radio interface and one labeled Remote that's used for either key loading or for connection to other equipment, like the AM-2060 or the MK-456 retransmission kit.

This table is my best guess as to what the pinout is.  You can see the MSC2001 was designed with the PRC-77 in mind.

Pin
H-250
PRC-77
MSC2001 Tx/Rx
Linked
MSC2001 Remote
A
Gnd
Gnd
Gnd
=
Gnd
B
spkr
Aud out
Aud out =
Aud out
C
PTT
PTT
PTT
=
PTT
D
Mike
Aud in
Aud in =
Aud in
E
-
+15 in
+15 in =
+15 in
F
-
Batt +15
Batt +15 =
Batt +15
H
-
nc
PTT?
=
key CTS in
J
-
Mike gnd
Mike gnd =
Mike gnd
K
-
retrans PTT
nc
x
-9 out
L
-
tone dsbl in
tone dsbl in x
key clock in
M
-
nc
Aud out
x
key RTS out
N
-
sw +10 out
+12 in Note 1
+12 in
P
-
Rx-X-out
X out
x
key data in
R
-
Tx-X-in
X in
x
key RTS in
Note 1 - Both "N" pins are DC inputs that are joined by diodes so either one will power the MSC2001, yet the DC can not be fed from either.

DC Power

Main

Main "12 Volt" power is supplied through either of the connectors.  Power on-off is handled by external wiring.  With my home made Tx/Rx cable power is supplied to the MSC-2001 when the PRC-77 is switched on.

PRC-77 pin "N" is switched 12 Volt power.  There is no direct connection between the MSC-2001 REMOTE pin "N" an the Tx/Rx pin "N".  But they both feed through a diode "OR' to the power MSC-2001 supply so either one will power the MSC-2001. 

Pins "E" (12 Volts into PRC-77) and "F" 12 Volts from battery are straight through from Tx/Rx to REMOTE, allowing power for the PRC-77 to be feed through the MSC-2001, like when the MSC-2001 is connected in series from the SET POWER jack on the AM-2060A to the MSC-2001 REMOTE connector and then from the MSC-2001 Rx/Tx connector to the PRC-77 POWER connector.

A58 Module (aka VEU-2001)

A-58 Comsec InterfaceAn eBay seller offered an "A-58 COMSEC Interface" module for the PRC-77 that has 11 wires.  This module is needed when the MSC2001 is used with the PRC-77.















Wiring Pinout


Wire
Destination
Gray
A-57 pin 2
White
A-57 pin 3A close to pin 3
Violet
A-57 3B other side of gap that needs to be cut in trace 3
Black
A-57 pin 6
Blue
A-57 pin 12
Orange
A-57 pin 15
Green
unsolder wire from J3-C
& connect Green wire here
Brown
to wire removed above
White/Black
J3 pin H
Blue/Black
J3 pin M
Red
K2 relay pin 1
 
Power jumper plug MWO
Remove jumpers between H, L, and M (the PRC-25 3 volt jumpers) but leave the E to F 14 volt jumper.

Hold Up Battery

The Hold Up Battery (HUB) is the same 3+ Volt "AA" size as used in the PLGR.

Testing

MSC-2001 to PRC-77
            Cable7 May 2004 - Connected home made cable between the MSC-2001 and a PRC-77 with a 257477BA Battery Adapter to power the PRC-77 and MSC-2001.  With the mode switch on any of the 8 key slots the H-250 handset connected to the PRC-77 sounds like a telephone busy tone, indicating no key loaded.  With the MODE switch set to CLEAR the handset hears noise on receive and on transmit a carrier is sent, but no modulation sometimes and others a squealing tone is transmitted and heard in the handset. Done with no HUB battery installed.  The cable includes a jumper to disable the 150 Hz tone, which is the common thing done with voice security devices.




Links

Jerry Proc's Crypto Machines - MSC-2001
Coby's Place - Tips and Troubleshooting -

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