Stock Ticker Patents

© Brooke Clarke 2007


Background
Ticker Models
Viewing USPTO patents
Class Numbers
Patent Numbers & Dates
Sequential Patents on same date
Companies
Major Ticker Models
Chronological List of Ticker Patents

Background

This list of patents used to be on the Telegraph Equipment web page, but it got too big so is now here.

The original Morse system of telegraphy included a pen register that would write short dots and longer dashes on a strip of paper as the method of receiving the message.  But soon the operators learned to read by ear and so the Sounder was developed to replace the pen register.  Later manual keyed Morse code gave way to printing telegraph machines, like those of Phelps.

In 1873 there were more than 150,000 miles of telegraph lines in the U.S. alone operated by Western Union who had bought up most of the smaller companies.

But there were some areas where a written strip of paper was needed.  One of these was fire or police call box alarm pen registers.  The concept is very similar to the original Morse pen register.  These are typically spring wound and only print when there's an alarm.  The pen is powered by the alarm loop.

Another is for recording phone calls (magneto crank type phones where then in use).  Another is for two way communications between two operators.

The stock market price quotation system has some specialized needs.  First there's only one transmitting machine that feeds a number of receiving machines all connected in a loop so that all the receiving stations get their printouts at the same time.  So the vast majority of the patents are for the receiving printers.  A very simple way to select a letter for printing is to have a wheel with the characters you want to print of the outer edge.  The wheel can easily be stepped by sending a pulse on a telegraph line.  Another line is needed to bring a stop into play.  Once the stop is activated the type wheel can be pulsed more times than it takes for it to make exactly one turn.  Then you know that the type wheel is in the home position.  Now when the transmitter pulses all the receiving type wheels turn in unison.  There quite a number of patents relating to how all the machines will be kept in unison.

Ticker tapeBy being cleaver two type wheels can be used, one with the letters and one with figures.  The letters print on the top of the paper tape and the figures print on the bottom.  This arrangement both reduces the total number of characters on the type wheel making for faster throughput and it makes the tape much easier to read.

After W.W. II the Teletype machine patents show up in some of the same patent classes as these step-by-step type "printing telegraph" machines.  The Teletype machine has a line powered motor that's always running and at the start pulse engages a clutch that starts a selector spinning for one revolution and in 5 or 8 places along the revolution solenoids are either engaged or not engaged setting type bars that cause the proper character to be printed.  These machines print on an roll of paper that's about 7 or 8 inches wide.  The Teletype patents are on the Telegraph web page.

Parts for old tickers may be found at:  http://claussstudios.bizland.com/realtickers.chtml

Ticker Models

By 1919 Western Union had bought up hundreds of telegraph related companies.  They then supported the following ticker machines:

Note about viewing USPTO patents

For the newer patents the first web page has all the textual information that's in the patent in a searchable form from the search pages.  But the drawings (in .tif format) are not on the first page.  A .TIF file viewer plug-in needs to be added to your browser in order to view the Images used by the United States Patent & Trademark Office.  If you click on the [HELP] icon at the top of the first page there's a topic relating to how to view images very near the top.  That link goes to a page that lists many options.  I use the free viewer from Altera (one install for Netscape and another install for IE).

For the older patents the first page only has:
So you can not search old patents by inventor, title, key words, etc.  The old patents are only available as a .TIF image.  Since all the patents on this page are in the old catagory, the title, inventor's name were manually typed and there may be typos.  The date and class numbers were cut and pasted.

Class Numbers

The class numbers are in a format like (top class number)/(sub class number).  In Sunnyvale, California, very close to the semiconductor factories, there's a public patent library where they file by class number not by patent number like all the other patent libraries.  When searching patent numbers once you know the class/subclass number of a patent you can find like patents by searching on that class/subclass number.

If you know the top level class number you can go to the USPTO Class Schedule web page and click on the button with the same number.  On that page is the title for the top class number.  For example top class number 178 is "Telegraphy".  The subclass number is a number that may include a number of indentations.  For example sub class 35 has the following listing:
35   .. With type-wheel recorder
Notice the two dots preceding the words.  That means that this is the second indentation.  Looking up from 35 the first single dot is:
23R   .Printing
It turns out that 178/35 appears a large number of times on this page.

101
    103

178 Telegraphy
    29
    32
    35
    37
    38
    41 * need search

335 Electricity: Magnetically Operated Switches, Magnets, and Electromagnets
    220 With magneto-mechanical motive device (e.g., electromagnet with armature)
       229 With permanent magnet
            230 Polarized electromagnet

361 Electricity: Electrical Systems and Deveices
    245 Polarity Reversing
        246 Automatic - used as ring generator for phones, for driving the type wheel in stock tickers

Patent Numbers & Dates

If you look at a sequence of patent numbers the higher the number the higher the date.  But it's not a rule.
If a mistake is discovered the old patent is terminated and another patent is REissued.  Patent numbers that start with the letters RE have been reissued.  The reissue numbers are sequential and have no relationship to the old patent number.  So I've placed the reissued patents in the list based on their dates although the rest of the list is in patent number order.

Related Technology

The Chemical telegraph uses a treated paper instead of ink to make a visible mark.  They run faster than ink on paper recorders and so inventions for them are for faster operating mechanisms that those for contemporary ink recorders.   Paper tape readers for chemical telegraphs cold also be used for tickers.

Developments in typewriters, and telegraph relays also had a direct impact on tickers.

Automatic Telegraphy reffered to sending and receiving messages without operators.

Sequential Patents on same date

Inventor
Assigned
Date
#
Patent #
T.A. Edison
GSTC Mar 28, 1871 2
113033 & 113034
T.M. Foote
May 16, 1871 5
114790 to  114794
T.A. Edison GSTC
Jan 23, 1872 2
123005 & 123006
T.A. Edison GSTC May 7, 1872 8
126528 to  126535
T.A. Edison GSTC July 2, 1872 5
128604 to  128608
T.A. Edison GSTC Sep 17, 1872 11
131334 to 131344
T.A. Edison GSTC May 13, 1873 2
138869 &  138870
T.A. Edison
July 1, 1873 3
140487 to  140489
L.T. Lindsey
Oct 14, 1873 3
143700 to  143702
H.Van Hoevenbergh
Dec 17, 1878 8
210890 to 210897
C.J. Wiley
May 18, 1880 2
227868 & 227869
A.F. & F.B. Johnson

Jan 31, 1882 5
253060 to 253064
H.Van Hoevenbergh
Mar 20, 1883 2
274416 & 274417
H.Van Hoevenbergh
Sep 25, 1883 2
285709 & 285710
S.D. Field
Oct 23, 1883 3
287265 to 287267
S.D. Field
Dec 18, 1883 2
290556 & 290557
H.Van Hoevenbergh
Feb 19, 1884 5
293922 to 293926
W.B. Vansize
WUTC Aug 26, 1884 2
304051 & 304052
C.G. Burke

Oct 7, 1884 2
306055 & 306056
R.J. Sheehy
() Oct 28, 1884 4
307231 to 307234
G.A. Cassagnes, Paris, France
()
Mar 3 1885 2
313175 & 313176
H.Van Hoevenbergh
B&OTC Apr 28, 1885 23
316676 to 316698
C.L. Buckingham

Oct 12, 1886 3
350615 to 350617
R.G. Brown

June 14, 1887 2
364893 & 364894
P.B. Delany

Feb 28, 1888 2
378436 & 378437
E.J. Mallett

June 12, 1888 7
384320 to 384326
C.L. Buckingham

Dec 13, 1892 6
487981 to 487986
R.J. Sheehy
W. Goodwin Oct 10, 1893 6
506269 to 506274
J.C. Barclay

Jan 28, 1908 3
877821 to 877823
J.C. Barclay
May 5, 1908 2
886338 & 886339
L.M. Potts

Aug 4, 1914 3
1105920 to 1105922
G.S. Hiltz
SQTC Oct 22, 1929 2
1732601 & 1732602
H.H. Lynn

Jul 29, 1930 2
1771499 & 1771500

Companies

ATC         American Telegraph Co
B&OTC   Baltimore & Ohio Telegraph Co
BTC        Bankers Trust Co
C             Creed
CTC        Commercial Telegram Co
EPBC     
GSTC      Gold and Stock Tel Co
IPTC        Independent Printing Telegraph Co
K              Kkeinschmidt
NTC        National Ticker Co
SQTC      Stock Quotation Telegraph Co
TL            Trans Lux
USPTC    U.S. Printing Telegram Co
WUTC      Western Union Telegraph Co

1887           B&O sells telegraph system to Western Union

Major Ticker Models

It might be possible to correlate these ticker models with patents.

Brand
Inventor
Years
Patent Numbers
Improvements to the Laws Printer

New printer for Laws
Pope
Edison
Laws
1870


Pope
Edison


Universal
Model1,   Model2Model3
Edison 1870 to 1900
Exchange Telegraph Stock Ticker (made using Edison patents?(G&S or U)
Models: 1902,  1907
UK patent 14430

1871 to 1907
NY Quotation

1889 to 1910
Burry Burry 1914 to 1922
Self Winding aka Financial Instrument
1-C,  21-C,  22-A,  30-A,  31-A,  32-A,  34-A,   35-A, 41-A
maybe 300 char/sec
W.P. Phelps
G.B. Scott
J.C. Barclay
1903 to ?

NY Quotation Black Box (Western Union 5A) 500 char/sec
uses a AC line powered motor like a Teletype machine

1934 to 196?


List of Ticker Patents

In Patent Number order which sometimes is not in date order.
Pat #       pdf       Title               Inventor (assignee)   Date   Class #s      Comments
USPTO
   Local  
---------------------------- 4 Digit Patent Numbers-------------
4464 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, R.E. House, Apr 18, 1846, 178/35
RE813 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, R.E. House, Sep 20, 1859, 178/35 -
9505 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, R.E. House, Dec 28, 1852, 178/38
RE605 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, R.E. House, Sep 28, 1858, 178/35
House's composing printing press uses pneumatic connection to avoid the Morse patent
---------------------------- 5 Digit Patent Numbers-------------
14731 (pdf) Electromagnetic Printing Telegraph, Albert J. Partridge, Apr 22, 1856, 178/38
It's strange that I haven't seen mention of this very early printing telegraph?
14759 (pdf) Electromagnetic Printing Telegraph, H.N. Baker, April 29, 1856, 178/38
spring or weight driven, individually radially moveable type slugs slide in type wheel
acquired by Laws to defeat E.A. Calahan
14917 (pdf) Telegraph, D.E. Hughes, 20 May, 1856 178/35 ; 178/37- spring power
Hughes Printing
          Telegraph
20982 (pdf) Telegraph, E.F. Barnes, July 27, 1858, 178/35 - embossing type
22770 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, D.E. Hughes, Jan 25, 1859,  178/35 ; 178/38 - piano keyboard step-by-step
26003 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, G.M. Phelps (ATC), Nov 1, 1859, 178/35,
RE6863 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, G.M. Phelps, Jan 18, 1876, 178/35 - Assigned to Western Union Telegraph Co.
Combines the House and Hughes ideas
22770 (pdf) Telegraphing Machines, D. E. Hughes, January 25, 1859, 178/35 ; 178/38 -
27655 (pdf) Magnetic Printing Telegraph, S.F.Van Choate, Mar 27, 1860, 178/35, 238/379
29747 (pdf) Electro Magnetic Telegraph, E.F. Reynolds, Aug 21, 1860, 178/35
32452  (pdf) Telegraphic Apparatus,  G.M. Phelps, May 28, 1861, 178/38 -combines compressed air and electromagnets
Interchangable parts started after the Civil War  (1861 - 1865)

51261 (pdf) Magnetic Telegraph, C. Kirchhof,  Nov 28, 1865, 178/17R ; 178/41(1st unison)
The wheel can not make a complete revolution and so stepping it in one direction many times will bring it to a stop, thus this is the first patent in the 178/41 Unison class

The prior art patents above are aimed a general telegraphic use, not specialized for the stock market.

72742 (pdf) Electrical (Gold premium) Indicator, S.S. Laws, Dec 31, 1867, 340/815.61 ; 340/815.64
Laws Indicator in Gold room and facing the street
Looks like car odometer, can increment up or down
No need to worry about unison, since the operator can see the indoor indicator.
75775 (pdf) Signaling Apparatus, S.S. Laws, March 24, 1868, 340/825.26
Both prints paper tape and displays Gold premium price through holes in front.

---------------- Calahan--------------
76157 (pdf) Telegraphic Indicator, E.A. Calahan, Mar 31, 1868,  340/815.6 ; 341/17
like a clock face for the least significant digit and an odometer for the higher numbers.  Can either increment or decrement.
76654 (pdf) Induction Coil Apparatus and Circuit Breaker, C.G. Page (1871 to WU) Apr 14, 1868, 361/268 ; 200/19.01; 335/252; 335/272; 335/273; 336/107; 336/192; 336/219; 336/223; 336/233; 336/234; 336/65
Notice all the class numbers.  This is THE patent for a Relay.
Classic stock
                Ticker look - 76993 Calahan patent 76993 stock ticker



76993 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, E.A. Calahan, Apr 21, 1868,  178/32 ; 134/166R
First Printer used for stocks and the source of "Stock Ticker" because of it's sound.  Sold 100 when offered in winter 1867.
Uses 2 wires, one for the type wheel and one for printing.
Seperatre Letters and Numbers wheels on seperate shafts and independent movement, the blank on one wheel is used to stop both from printing.
A boy would run from building to building to synchronize the machines, i.e. no unison device.  Edison witnessed over a hundred boys all running to the Gold exchange because the system went out of unison and saw the need to avoid that problem.
Edison Universal made with this look & feel, i.e. round base under glass dome, terminals on base, parallel frame members, central typewheel high in center.
---------------------------------------
81871 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, R.K. Boyle, Sep 8, 1868,  178/38 ; 101/103
82502 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, P.A.J. Dujardin, Sep 29, 1868, 178/40 ; 400/471 - seperate letters and numbers type wheels
RE7627 (pdf)
89887 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, G.M. Phelps, May 11, 1869, 178/38 ; 178/41(2nd unison)
Transmitting and receiving machines all have spinning type wheels (isochronously) includes a unison device
RE4152 (pdf) Printing Telegraphs, G.M. Phelps, Oct 11, 1870, 178/41
One of the first practical uses for an electric motor.


Boston Instrument

Patent dwg
Boston Inst photo

91527 (pdf) Telegraph, T.A. Edison, Jun 22, 1869, 178/38
Edison has an address of Boston, MA but this is an improvement on the Laws machine.  Edison was a young man working for Laws, but Black Friday had not happened yet so Edison was on his own making minor improvements to Laws machine.
Uses bipolar drive to eliminate the local battery but had problem with polar relay not strong enough to make good contact & with lightening demagnatizing the core.
No Unison device at this time.
RE4166 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, T.A. Edison, Oct 25, 1870, 178/35 Newark, New Jersey (Not New York)
not signed by Gold & Stock Co.
RE5519 (pdf) Printing Telegraphs, T.A. Edison, August 5, 1873, 178/35 - looks very similar to 4166
Single row of characters on the type wheel.  Uses bi-polar drive on single wire.
91662  (pdf) Printing Telegraph, G.M. Phelps, Jun 22, 1869, 178/38
Round base like used on the universal
Air pot to seperate moving type wheel from printing


Black Friday, Sep 24, 1869 Gould's attempt to corner the Gold market & fails
The Laws indicator, which worked like a car odometer by incrementing or decrement the fraction of a dollar wheel could not keep up.  Edison was there and even adding a weight to pull the transmitter could not make it turn fast enough.
Oct 1, 1869 Edison joins with Franklin Pope (who helped Dr. Laws make the Gold indicator) to work on improving the Laws printer.
The Pope & Edison improvements included a simple unison device which the Laws printer was lacking and more speed.
Note Edison's address for this effort was New York

96331 (pdf) Perforating Paper For Telegraphing, G. Little, Nov 2, 1869, 83/203 ; 178/84; 178/92; 83/238; 83/576; 83/590

10 Feb 1870 Edison signs two contracts with George Field and Elisha Andrews of the Gold and Stock Telegraph Co. (GSTC) that provide funds for developing inventions and establishing a shop.

----------- Pope, Edison & Laws ---------
96567
T.A. Edison
                  patent 96567 Stock Ticker T.A. Edison
                  patent 96567 Stock Ticker

96567 (pdf) Electrical Printing Instrument, T.A. Edison (Laws), Nov 9, 1869,  178/41(3rd unison) - Edison in New York
RE3820 (pdf) T.A. Edison's Electrical Printing Instruments, Feb 1, 1870 - 96567 paragraph 5 is different
This model was made in cooperation with and working for Dr. Laws and the rights sold to the Gold & Stock Exchange who put them into service.
The unison stop requires a seperate wire and is just an electromagnet that puts a pin in the ratchet wheel.
not at all like the "Universal"
On the first page it says "assigned in full to S.S. Laws".
On the last page is says: Dated December 28, 1869, The Gold and Stock Tel Co., Geo, B. Field, President.
96681 (pdf) Automatic Switch for Telegraph Apparatus, T.A. Edison (Laws), Nov 9, 1869, 361/208 ; 335/80
The current will pull this relay to one side or the other depending on polarity.  Needed for one wire stock tickers.
99273 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, S.S. Laws, Jan 25, 1870, 178/32 ; 178/41(4th unison)
6 wires to each printer, increment forward or backward needs local battery.
Unison by applying a light current to the printing line (enough to engage the unison stop but not enough to move the printing lever.
Made to compete with Calahan.
99047 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, M.F. Adams, Jan 25, 1870, 178/35
99401 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, E.A. Calahan, Feb 1, 1870,  178/41

---------------------------- 6 Digit Patent Numbers-------------

Financial & Commercial Instrument

Fin & Comm Inst
102320 (pdf) Printing Telegraph Apparatus, F.L. Pope & T. A. Edison, April 26, 1870, 178/35 Edison in New York
designed to operate a series string of printers.  Wheel is moved by short pulses and the printer by a long pulse.
This is rectangular machine not at all like the universal.
RE7621 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, F.L. Pope & T. A. Edison, April 17, 1877, 178/35
RE10542 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, F.L. Pope & T. A. Edison,  Dec 9, 1884, 178/38
102561 (pdf) Printing Telegraph Instrument, J.T. Lindsey, May 3, 1870, 178/35
103035 (pdf) Electromotor Escapment, T.A. Edison, May 17, 1870, 74/159
The stops are part of the lever arm, no adjustment like with seperate stops.
103077 (pdf) Electromagnetic Movement, F.L. Pope, May 17, 1870, 361/160

103496  (pdf) Printing Telegraphic Instruments, W.P. Phelps & W.J. Philips, May 24, 1870, 178/38 ; 340/319
Combined keyboard and step-by-step tape printer

May 1872 Edison supplies stock printer to the Exchange Telegraph Co. of London.

Gold Printer

Patent 103924 103924 photo


------------------- First Edison Design stock ticker ------------
103924 (pdf) Printing Telegraph Instrument, F.L. Pope & T. A. Edison, June 7, 1873, 178/41 - Edison in New York -
RE5523 (pdf) Printing Telegraph Instrument, F.L. Pope & T. A. Edison (GSTC), Aug 5, 1873, 178/38 ; 335/84
This machine has a single wheel with the characters to be printed and it is moved, one letter at a time, until the desired letter is ready to be printed.  A short pulse will rotate the letter wheel but not fire the striker.  A longer pulse rotates the wheel and prints a character.  Thus it "ticks" then prints, hence the name "Ticker Tape".  There are numbers offset from the rest of the characters that can be used to print fractions (1/8, 2/8...7/8).  The base is circular, i.e. the classic Ticker Tape machine.  This patent expressly disclaims the the ideas in patents 51261 (Kirchhof) and 99273 (Laws), i.e. Edison is doing his own thing.  Uses bipolar drive.
All 6 coils are vertical and above the base plate.   Frame is a closed loop.  The circular base appears too small for a glass dome.
The type wheel has the letters offset from the numbers and fractions so that the letters print on the top of the tape and the numbers on the bottom.
The Reassigned patent has new class numbers
Patent shows 2 binding posts, but production unit had 4 terminals.
104345 (pdf) Printing Telegraph Instrument, W.P. & W.J. Pelps, June 14, 1870, 178/35
105060 (pdf) Telegraphic Printing Apparatus, T.M. Foote, Jul 5, 1870, 178/41 ; 335/81
RE6434 (pdf) Telegraphic Printing Apparatus, T.A. Foote, May 18, 1875,  178/41
This is a Unison device, but it's fundamentally different from T.A. Edison's in
108495 (pdf) Arrangement of Electrical Circuits for Automatic Transmitting Instrument, G. Little, Oct 18, 1870, 178/3
Working on the problem of open lines when key is up.
110675 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, G.M. Phelps (WU), Jan 3, 1871,  178/32
Financial Instrument
Aimed at Private Line customers so has single typewheel with only letters.


Chicago Commodities Instrument


1130331
113033 (pdf) Printing Telegraph Apparatus, T.A. Edison (assigned to GSTC), March 28, 1871, 178/35 - Newark, NJ -
Chicago Instrument
Frame is an open "C" shape. Base is larger than mechanism to allow for glass dome.  4 terminals, 2 for main line, 2 for local battery. Above base plate is a special two horizontal coil polarized relay that has a center off position.  Used with bipolar  main line drive.
The two horizontal coils below the base plate rotate the type wheel.  The two horizontal coils above the base plate actuate the printing mechanism.
Single type wheel has the numerator digits prior to the fraction sign (- or /) the the denominators so that a fraction can be printed in less than one turn of the wheel.
113034 (pdf) Printing Telegraph Aparatus, T.A. Edison (assigned to GSTC), March 28, 1871, 178/40 ; 144/24.15; 178/41 - Newark, NJ
Shifting Printing pad and devices
Cotton Instrument
uses seperate letter and figure wheels and works on a single wire.  The electromagnets are moved under the base.
In patent 123006 the type wheel is moved on the shaft, a much simpler way to use two type wheels.
114656 (pdf) Telegraphic Transmitting Instrument, T.A. Edison, May 9, 1871, 178/17A ; 178/79
Polarity reversing paper tape reader
114657 (pdf) Electro-Magnets, T.A. Edison, May 9, 1871, 335/78
UK patent 2578 is identical.
Fast acting for use in astronomical time keeping, or telegraph systems run from paper tape, includes a permanent magnet
114658 (pdf) Electro-Magnet for Telegraph Instruments, T.A. Edison, May 9, 1871, 335/233 ; 335/253; 335/267
It is operative when one polarity is used and not operative when the opposite polarity is used.  Use controlling stock tickers.
Note that the three patents in this group all are built on a circular base that looks like it came from a stock ticker.
114692 (pdf) Chemical Telegraphic Circuits, M. Lefferts, May 9, 1871, 178/62 ; 178/69F; 178/74
Working on the problem of open lines when key is up.

-------- Inventors Theodore M. Foote & Charles A. Randall of Brooklyn, NY
114790 (pdf) Printing Telegraph Apparatus, T.M. Foote, May 16, 1871, 178/2R ; 178/102; 178/74; 178/77; 335/177; 340/392.1
114791 (pdf) Printing Telegraph Apparatus T.M. Foote, May 16, 1871, 178/41
114792 (pdf) Printing Telegraph Apparatus, T.M. Foote, May 16, 1871, 178/42
114793 (pdf) Printing-Telegraph, T.M. Foote, May 16, 1871, 178/38 ; 178/41 - weight driven type wheel to go faster
115968 (pdf) Circuit Closing Rollers for Telegraph Apparatus, G. Little, Jun 13, 1871,  200/46
116175 (pdf) Type Wheels for Printing Telegraphs (Stock Tickers), R.H. Gallaher, Jun 20, 1871, 178/39 ; 400/466
116826 (pdf) D. Flannery's Printing Telegraph Instrument, D Flannery, July 11, 1871, 178/35
117239 (pdf) Telegraphic Printing Mechanism, Geo.L. Anders, July 25, 1871, 178/35 ; 340/291
118122 (pdf) Improved Printing Telegraph Instrument, R.H. Gallaher, Aug 15, 1871,  178/38
119623 (pdf) Dial and Printing Telegraph, L.T. Lindsey, Oct 3, 1871,  178/42 ; 200/80R
120000 (pdf) Telegraph Apparatus, J. Rowe, Oct 17, 1871, 178/41
120019 (pdf) Double Printing Telegraph, G.L. Anders, Oct 17, 1871, 178/35 ; 370/276
120116 (pdf) Printing Telegraphs, J.E. Smith, October 17, 1871, 178/35
120133 (pdf) Printing Telegraphs, H.V. Hoevenbergh, Oct 17, 1871, 178/39 ; 178/41
----------------------
maybe patent 120133
Two independent type wheels are used and while one is being turned it also turns the other until the other hits a stop.
Requires independent control of the two wheels
made for the Calahan printer
120288 (pdf) Transmitter for Automatic Telegraphs, G. Little, Oct 24, 1871, 200/46
120289 (pdf) Telegraph Instruments, G. Little, Oct 24, 1871,  178/96
120290 (pdf) Improvements in Telegraphic Apparatus, G. Little, Oct 24, 1871, 361/160
In the Jan 1, 1871 issue of Scientific Americal Little calimed 1,000 words / minute, but in an 1873 test his system did 500 WPM
120291 (pdf) Automatic Current Closer for Telegraphic Apparatus, G. Little, Oct 24, 1871, 200/46 ; 200/8A; 200/8R
121601 (pdf) Machinery for Perforating Paper for Telegraphic Purposes, T.A. Edison, Dec 5, 1871,  234/106
For Morse code.  By using two rows of circular holes, but offset by half the pitch when holes are in both rows the switchs work in a make before break fashion and allow generating dashes.  First Large Perforator.  A large perforator has a key for each letter and can by used by a girl after a few hours of training.  The small perforator has a small number of keys and needs a skilled operator.
An electric perforator, i.e. used solenoids instead of finger power.
122266 (pdf) Electro-Magnetic Apparatus, G. Little, Dec 26, 1871, 361/210 ; 338/180
122474 (pdf) Telegraph Apparatus, G. Little, Jan 2, 1872,  178/89 ; 178/74
122687 (pdf) Telegraph Apparatus, H.V. Hoevenbergh, Jan 9, 1872, 178/32

Universal

123005 (pdf) Telegraph Apparatus, T.A. Edison (assigned to GSTC), Jan 23, 1872, 178/35 - Newark, NJ
Printing Telegraph No. 4 Universal
UK patent 829
Edison, in this patent calles this machine "Universal Printing-Telegraph"
This is the transmitter for the first generation Universal stock tickers.  As characters are typed on the keyboard they are also printed on the attached printer.
The printer has a vertical type wheel shaft, not the common horizontal type wheel shaft.
123006  (pdf) Printing Telegraphs,  T.A. Edison (assigned to GSTC), 178/40 - Newark, NJ
Printing Telegraph No. 3
upgrade to 113034 allowing moving type wheels on shaft
------- the 1872 patents for improvements were not incorporated into production tickers -----
123490 (pdf) Telegraph Apparatus, G. Little, Feb 6, 1872,  361/210 ; 178/75
123711 (pdf) Electrical Circuits for the Chemical Telegraph, G. Little, Feb 13, 1872,  178/74 ; 178/62
123984 (pdf) Telegraph Apparatus, T.A. Edison (G. Harrington), 4 Feb 27, 1872,  178/3 ; 178/17R; 178/96
Chemical Telegraph, but applicable to printing telegraphs
124800 (pdf) Telegraphic Recording Instruments, T.A. Edison, Mar 19, 1872, 178/96
Four coil motor driven pen recorder.
125583 (pdf) Printing Telegraphs, G. Little, Apr 9, 1872, 178/38
RE5267 (pdf) Printing Telegraphs, G. Little, Feb 4, 1873, 178/35
125920 (pdf) Unison-Stop for Printing Telegraphs, M.F. Wessmann, April 23, 1872, 178/41
126048  (pdf) Inprovement in Printing Telegraphs, R.H. Gallaher, April 23, 1872, 178/35
126290 (pdf) Inprovement in Printing Telegraphs, W.B. Guernsey, April 30, 1872, 178/35
126329 (pdf) Inprovement in Printing Telegraphs, G.M. Phelps (WU), April 30, 1872, 178/35 ; 188/184
Private Line Printer uses jointed printing lever
126336 (pdf) Inprovement in Printing Telegraphs, G.B. Scott, April 30, 1872, 178/35
Weight Driven, piano keyboard
126353 (pdf) Inprovement in Printing Telegraphs, H.V. Hoevenbergh, Apr 30, 1872, 178/41
126505 (pdf) Improvements in Clutches for Telegraph-Transmitting and Paper Feeding Apparatus, G.C.Wessmann, May 7, 1872, 192/41R ; 178/36; 192/73; 192/84.1
----------------------- 1872 patents not used in production tickers -------
128608
126528 (pdf) Improvements in Type Wheels for Printing Telegraphs, T.A. Edison (assigned to GSTC), May 7, 1872, 178/40
This is the spiral type unison device.
126529 (pdf) Improvements in Type Wheels for Printing Telegraphs, T.A. Edison (assigned to GSTC), May 7, 1872, 400/145.1 ; 178/40
    Type wheels of variable diameter so the small one does not print
126530 (pdf) Printing Telegraphs,  T.A. Edison (assigned to GSTC), May 7, 1872, 178/42
"Baby" Printer
Printing Telegraph No. 1
Very small, Single typewheel, one wire operation, polar relay
Maybe Edison is preventing Laws from making an improvement?
126531  (pdf) Printing Telegraphs,  T.A. Edison (assigned to GSTC), May 7, 1872, 178/39
    Method of selecting which of two type wheels is to be used.  Model 2 "C" frame
126532 (pdf) Printing-Telegraphs, T.A. Edison (assigned to GSTC), May 7, 1872, 178/40 ; 178/41; 178/42
adds a shield between the letters and figures type wheels.
This patent has 10 claims for various features of the "Universal" machine including the heical gear "Unison" device, but the locking feature is in patent 126533.  A stack of cloth disks is used for the ink roller instead of either wound cloth or felt.
This is one of T.A. Edison's most important ticker patents.
Chicago machine serial 568 modified to make patent model.
126533 (pdf) Printing-Telegraphs, T.A. Edison (assigned to GSTC), May 7, 1872, 178/41 ; 178/2C
improved synchronizing & Locking
Each machine is setup with a code that's equal to one of the characters on the print wheel.  The transmitting operator can select one of the codes and then synchronize all the machines using that code prior to sending a message.  All the machines with different codes are locked out.
126534 (pdf) Printing-Telegraphs, T.A. Edison (assigned to GSTC), May 7, 1872, 178/39
Printing Telegraph No. 2
Working two typewheels using mechanical method
new class: printing multiple type wheel recorders
The polarity of the current causes either print wheel rotation or printing.
4 electromagnets horizontal all under base
126535 (pdf) Printing-Telegraphs, T.A. Edison (assigned to GSTC), May 7, 1872,178/40 ; 178/41
Printing Telegraph No. 6
If the type wheel is rotated two or more turns without printing then the "Unison" mechanism synchronizes the machine.
126714 (pdf) Inprovement in Switch for Printing Telegraphs, P. Kenny, May 14, 1872, 178/35-simple printer
126847 (pdf) Duplex Telegraph Apparatus, J.. Stearns, May 14, 1872, 370/284
Condenser connected in parallel with resistance and then the coil. 
First invention to to something about inductor kick back voltage
127111 (pdf) Printing-Telegraphs, John E. Smith, May 21, 1872, 178/41 -
127844 (pdf) District and Fire Alarm Telegraphs, E.A. Calahan, Jun 11, 1872, 340/295
This is a District & Fire Alarm which is a similar type printer
Calahan started American District Telegraph Co. (ADT) based on this patent
128131 (pdf) Printing-Telegraphs, T.A. Edison, June 18, 1872,178/92 - Newark, NJ
A Morse code paper tape embosser that shifts left or right for no current or current.
128604 (pdf) Printing-Telegraphs, T.A. Edison, July 2, 1872, 178/38 - Newark, NJ
An air pot delays the action of the printing lever so that the type wheel movement has time to stop
128605 (pdf) Printing-Telegraphs, T.A. Edison,July 2, 1872, 178/38 - Newark, NJ
4 vertical coils all above the base plate
looks very much like 12806
128606 (pdf) Printing-Telegraphs, T.A. Edison,July 2, 1872, 178/38 ; 101/91 - Newark, NJ
4 vertical coils all above the base plate
By using a compound magnet (connected to both the main line and to a local battery) the printer can be operated with a single line using polarity reversal
128607  (pdf) Printing-Telegraphs, T.A. Edison,July 2, 1872,178/38 - Newark, NJ
By using an air pot and cutout switch the printing action is bypassed whenever the type wheel is moving.
After the type wheel stops but the circuit is held in the closed position for a short time, the print lever is activated.
128608 (pdf) Printing-Telegraphs, T.A. Edison, July 2, 1872, 178/41 ; 101/367 - Newark, NJ
Identical to UK patent 1657.
Wiring diagram and explanation of how using a bi-polar signal only a single pair of wires needed.
4 horizontal coils below base plate.
Compound magnets allow single wire bi-polar drive.
Type wheels on single shaft and where one wheel has a character the other has a space.
Two electrical binding posts, one on each side
128627  (pdf) Printing-Telegraphs, J.P. Humaston, July 2, 1872, 178/35 ; 178/38
129391 (pdf) Printing Telegraphs, J.S. Brown, Jul 16, 1872, 178/41
129641 (pdf) Printing-Telegraph Apparatus, G.L. Anders(E.B. Welch), Jul 23, 1872, 178/38
A polarized magnet controls how far a lever moves thus either advancing the print wheel or printerg
130260 (pdf) Printing-Telegraph Instruments, M.F. Wessmann,  Brooklyn, NY, August 6, 1872, 178/41
130813 (pdf) Indicators for Telegraph Circuits, G. Little, Aug 27, 1872,  324/543
130831 (pdf) Printing-Telegraphs, H.Van Hoevenbergh (), Brooklyn, NY, Aug 27, 1872, 178/41
---------------------- Edison Universal possible upgrades, maybe not used ?-----
131334 (pdf) Rheotomes or Circuit-Directors (Unison-Stops for Printing-Telegraphs), T.A. Edison, Sep 17, 1872, 178/41
131335 (pdf) Printing-Telegraphs, T.A. Edison, Sep 17, 1872,  178/32 - Newark, NJ
4 vertical coils.  4 binding posts, 2 on each side
looks very similar to 120133 by Hoevenbergh where one type wheel brings the other into unison
131336 (pdf) Printing-Telegraphs, T.A. Edison, Sep 17, 1872,  178/32 - Newark, NJ
4 vertical coils.  4 binding posts, 2 on each side
another way to accomplish 120133 by Hoevenbergh where one type wheel brings the other into unison
131337 (pdf) Printing-Telegraphs, T.A. Edison, Sep 17, 1872,  178/40 - Newark, NJ
4 vertical coils under base plate
4 binding posts at an angle, not on the corners of a rectangle
2 wire operation.  each type wheel pulse shifts one wheel in and the other out
131338 (pdf) Printing-Telegraphs, T.A. Edison, Sep 17, 1872,  178/32 - Newark, NJ
4 vertical coils under base plate
4 binding posts at an angle, not on the corners of a rectangle
A wheel with teeth stops one of two printing levers so only one type wheel makes an impression.
-------------------------
patent 131339 Printing-Telegraphs, T.A. Edison, Sep 17,
          1872
131339 (pdf) Printing-Telegraphs, T.A. Edison, Sep 17, 1872,  178/32 - Newark, NJ
Printing Telegraph No. 5
Electrically working two type wheels
 6 vertical coils
independent operation of 2 type wheels
uses 2 printing levers
131340 (pdf) Printing-Telegraphs, T.A. Edison, Sep 17, 1872,  178/35 - Newark, NJ
Printing Telegraph No. 4 Universal
 Transmitter
Includes a practical DC motor to rotate the pulsator.
1313431
131341 (pdf) Printing Telegraph Instruments, T.A. Edison, Sep 17, 1872, 178/39 ; 178/40; 248/187.1 - Newark, NJ
A weight hangs from the printing lever. flattened "C" frame.
131342  (pdf) Printing Telegraph Instruments, T.A. Edison, Sep 17, 1872, 178/40 - Newark, NJ
Two typewheels slide on shaft.
131343 (pdf) Inprovements in Transmitters and Circuits Printing-Telegraphs, T.A. Edison, Sep 17, 1872,  178/35 - Newark, NJ
131344  (pdf) Unison-Stops for Printing-Telegraphs, T.A. Edison, Sep 18, 1872, 178/41 - Newark, NJ
Instead of rotating the print wheel two times, the print lever is repeatedly activated.
132456 (pdf) Apparatus for Perforating Paper Tape for Telegraphic Use, T.A. Edison,  Oct 22, 1872, 83/229 ; 83/618
small six key perforator
132907 (pdf) Printing Telegraph Instruments, E. Gray, Nov 12, 1872, 178/35
Gray's Private Line printer
Gray and Barton printer
    RE6870 (pdf) Printing Telegraph Instrument, E. Gray, Jan 25, 1876, 178/35
    RE6871 (pdf) Printing Telegraph Instrument, E. Gray, Jan 25, 1876, 178/35
    RE6872 (pdf) Printing Telegraph Instrument, E. Gray, Jan 25, 1876, 178/35
Western Union product made by Western Electric
133019 (pdf) Electrical Printing Machines, T.A. Edison, Nov 12, 1872,  178/38
Electric Typewriter that prints on a strip of paper that can be cut and pasted on a sheet.

In 1873 there were more than 150,000 miles of telegraph lines in the U.S. alone operated by Western Union who had bought up most of the smaller companies.

133841 (pdf) Type Writing Machine, T.A. Edison, Dec 10, 1872,  400/359
Moving typewheel prints on sheet of paper
134866 (pdf) Printing Telegraph Instruments, T.A. Edison, Jan 14, 1873,  178/38
Printing Telegraph No. 4 Universal
Round base Vertical print shaft (90 degrees from normah print wheel)
Transmitter like 123005 only improved operation
134867 (pdf) Automatic Telegraphic Instruments, T.A. Edison, Jan 14, 1873,  178/62 ; 178/3; 178/69F
Chemical Telegraph
135531 (pdf) Circuits for Chemical Telegraphs, T.A. Edison, Feb 4, 1873,  178/62 ; 178/69F
Reactive line loading to improve character seperation.
UK patent combined: 135531, 141773 & 141776
136329 (pdf) Electro-Magnetic Motors for Printing Telegraphs, L.T. Lindsey, Feb 25, 1873, 178/38 ; 178/41
136369 (pdf) Printing-Telegraphs, M. Gally, March 4, 1873, 178/28 ; 178/35
---------------------------------
1388691 Edison Universal 2-Wire Stock Ticker
              maybe patent 138869



138869 (pdf) Printing Telegraphs, T.A. Edison, May 13, 1873, 178/38
 Round base, "C:" frame with a flat on the lower lip.
1. Unison operates after 2 or more turns of type wheel but is restored at print
2. tooth contacts paper for feed
3. partial turn of type wheel to select one of two sets of characters
15 tooth ratcher wheel instead of 30 tooth for faster operation
Vertical electromagnets at different heights above and below base.  Single row type wheel.
138870 (pdf) Printing Telegraphs, T.A. Edison (GSTC), May 13, 1873, 178/38
Combined Transmitter & Receiver.
Round base, keys in a semi circle
139128 (pdf) Printing Telegraphs, T.A. Edison (GSTC), May 20, 1873, 178/38
Round base, 3 vertical coils, 2 horizontal coils all above base plate.
3 electromagnets in the main line circuit when there's a pause the printing lever is released
139129 (pdf) Printing Telegraphs, T.A. Edison (GSTC), May 20, 1873, 178/38
A version of 139128 where only 2 electromagnets are in the main line circuit
A stream of pulses moves the type wheel and at the pause it prints
139690 (pdf) Printing and Dial Telegraphs and Circuits Therefor, H.D. Rogers, June 10, 1873, 178/35 ; 178/109
140143 (pdf) Printing Telegraphs, A.A. Knudson, June 24, 1873, 178/38 - includes a bell that can be rung remotely
------------------------Universal Transmitter --------
140487 (pdf) Printing Telegraphs, T.A. Edison (assigned to GSTC), July 1, 1873, 178/35
Printing Telegraph No. 4 Universal
Stand alone transmitter with provision to not go too fast.
140488 (pdf) Printing Telegraphs, T.A. Edison (assigned to GSTC), July 1, 1873, 178/38
Printing Telegraph No. 4 Universal
DC motor driven stand alone transmitter.
140489 (pdf) Circuits for Printing Telegraphs, T.A. Edison (assigned to GSTC), July 1, 1873, 178/35
Adapter takes in polarized main line drive and outputs seperate type wheel and printer signals.
141076 (pdf) Printing Telegraphs, G.M. Phelps, July 22, 1873, 178/35
Transmitter
---------------- Chemical Telegraph but has Perforator info ---------------
141772 (pdf) Circuits for Automatic or Chemical Telegraphs, T.A. Edison, Aug 12, 1873, 178/69F
Reactive line loading to improve character separation.
141773 (pdf) Circuits for Automatic Telegraphs, T.A. Edison, Aug 12, 1873,
Reactive line loading to improve character separation.
141774 (pdf) Chemical Telegraphs, T.A. Edison, Aug 12, 1873, 178/62, 178/62 ; 338/80
141775 (pdf) Perforators for Automatic Telegraphs, T.A. Edison, Aug 12, 1873, 234/108
141776 (pdf) Circuits for Automatic Telegraphs, T.A. Edison, Aug 12, 1873, 178/69R ; 178/45; 178/69F
Reactive line loading to improve character separation.
141777 (pdf) Relay Magnets, T.A. Edison, Aug 12, 1873, 338/83 ; 335/57; 361/2 - operate in liquid to prevent arcing
-----------------
142999 (pdf) Galvantic Batteries, T.A. Edison, Sep 23, 1873,  429/106
Copper Sulphate placed below the copper plate battery lasts longer
143700  (pdf) Circuits for Printing Telegraphs, L.T. Lindsey, Oct 14, 1873, 178/32 ; 178/35
143701 (pdf) Regulators for Printing Telegraphs, L.T. Lindsey, Oct 14, 1873, 200/1R - improvement on 136329
143702 (pdf) Printing Telegraphs, L.T. Lindsey, Oct 14, 1873, 178/41
144045 (pdf) Printing Telegraphs, G.L. Anders (E.B. Welch), Oct 28, 1873, 178/41
144285 (pdf) Printing-Telegraphs, Nov 4, 1873, G.M. Phelps, 178/41
144812 (pdf) Unison Stops for Printing Telegraphs, C.J. Wiley, NY,NY, Nov 18, 1873, 178/41
146812 (pdf) Telegraph Signal Boxes, T.A. Edison, Jan 27, 1874, 340/295 - referrences E.A. Calahan prior art 127844
147183 (pdf) Printing Telegraphs, J.E. Smith, Feb 3, 1874, 178/32
147312 (pdf) Perforators for Automatic Telegraphy, T.A. Edison (G. Harrington), Feb 10, 1874,  234/127 ; 234/106
calls 121601
148768 (pdf) Printing Telegraphs, J.E. Smith, Mar 17, 1874, 178/41
150848 (pdf) Chemical or Automatic Telegraphs, T.A> Edison, May 12, 1874,  178/64 ; 178/62
Reactive line loading
151209 (pdf) Automatic Telegraphy and Perforators Therefor, T.A. Edison, May 26, 1874, 234/106 ; 178/17R
Roman-character telegraphy (dot matrix letters on tape)
A modification of the large perforator 121601
154788 (pdf) District Telegraph Signal Boxes, T.A. Edison, Sep 8, 1874,  178/85
to compete with Calahan's ADT
157787 (pdf) Printing Telegraphs, S.J. Burrell, Dec 15, 1874, 178/35 ; 312/314
157880 (pdf) Printing Telegraphs, J.E. Smith, Dec 15, 1874, 178/35
160405 (pdf) Adjustable Electro-Magnet for Relays, etc, T.A. Edison, Mar 2, 1875,  361/159
A rotary switch selects a which of a number of taps in a resistance will be used, i.e. a pot.  Used to set the line current in a receiver.
160442  (pdf) Printing Telegraph, A.A.Knudson, Mar 2, 1875, 178/38 ; 185/40B; 185/40R
161151 (pdf) Printing-Telegraph, G.M. Phelps, Mar 23, 1875, 178/40
144285 (typo in 161151)
165379 (pdf) Printing-Telegraph, J.E. Smith, July 6, 1875, 178/35
166911 (pdf) Printing-Telegraph, A. Wirsching, Aug 17, 1875, 178/38
168004 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, T.A. Edison (assigned to GSTC), Sep 21, 1875, 178/38 - Newark, NJ
 the same magnet that moves type wheel also prints
168249 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, E. Gray, Sep 28, 1875,  178/38
Transmitter with 2 row keyboard
Improved 132907
168919  (pdf) Printing Telegraph, G.M. Phelps,Oct 19, 1875, 178/4 ; 178/112; 178/38; 178/95; 234/127; 400/583.1; 400/583.3; 400/81; 83/241
Paper Tape with a single row of holes and also the character.  ABCD... keyboard Transmitter
168949 (pdf) Printing Telegraphs, C.J. Wiley, October 19, 1875, 178/40 ; 400/149
169506 (pdf) Magneto-Printing Telegraph, G.L. Anders, November 2, 1875, 178/35
169875  (pdf) Printing Telegraphs, C.J. Wiley, Nov 9, 1875, 178/41
173718 (pdf) Automatic-Telegraphy, T.A. Edison, Feb 22, 1876,  178/30 ; 178/16; 178/37; 178/62; 346/33R; 347/162; 400/124.01 - chemical paper
173750 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, G.L. Anders, Feb 22, 1876, 178/35
1753656 (pdf)
177661 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, C.A. Randall, May 23, 1876, 178/41
180700 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, J. H. Bunnell, Aug 8, 1876, 178/41
181239 (pdf) Perforators for Automatic Telegraphy, G.L. Anders, Aug 22, 1876, 83/70 ; 178/92; 83/355; 83/572 - paper tape punch
182091 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, C.J. Wiley, September 12, 1876, 178/41
183462 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, A.A. Knudson (GSTC), October 17, 1876, 178/41 - with Bell on top
186215 (pdf) Printing-Telegraphs, G.M. Phelps, Jan 16, 1877, 178/4 ; 178/38; 178/41
Transmitter, Punched tape, weight driven
190456 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, E.P. Warner, May 8, 1877, 178/35
191479 (pdf) Printing-Telegraph, R.J. Sheehy, May 29, 1877, 178/35
195162 (pdf) Magneto-Electric Transmitters for Printing Telegraphs, G.M. Phelps, Sep 11, 1877, 178/35
Transmitter, half circle keyboard, "U" magnet  motor
196476  (pdf) Printing Telegraph, G.M. Phelps, Oct 23, 1877,  178/38
Lower resistance on the main line thus fewer batteries needed


Edison starts the first ever company to deliver electricity
Prior to this there was no such a thing as an electrical outlet, electricity came from batteries.
Note that after 1878 DC power could be porvided to stock ticker systems in the New York Wall street area by Edison.


203369 (pdf) Polarized Electro-magnet, G.M. Phelps, May 7, 1878, 335/230 ; 340/397.5
3/4 circle type
204516 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, H.Van Hoevenbergh, June 4, 1878, 178/35
208537 (pdf) Printing-Telegraphs, G.M. Phelps, Brooklyn, NY, Oct 1, 1878, 178/41
---------------- start of Welch & Anders, 30 Hanover St., Boston------------------------
210890 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, G.L. Anders (E.B. Welch), Dec 17, 1878, 178/40 ; 178/41
210891 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, G.L. Anders (E.B. Welch), Dec 17, 1878, 178/41
210892 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, G.L. Anders (E.B. Welch), Dec 17, 1878, 178/38 ; 106/DIG.7 references 144045 & 169506
A way of causing printing when the type wheel stops.
Illustration shows stock quotes.
210893 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, G.L. Anders (E.B. Welch) Dec 17, 1878,  178/41
Rectangular base
Calls 108867 and names a "director" that sounds like Edison's center off polarized relay.
210894 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, G.L. Anders (E.B. Welch), Dec 17, 1878, 178/38
210895 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, G.L. Anders (E.B. Welch), Dec 17, 1878, 178/29 ; 114/21.2
210896 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, G.L. Anders (E.B. Welch), Dec 17, 1878, 178/40 ; 178/41
210897 (pdf) Transmitter for Printing Telegraph, G.L. Anders (E.B. Welch), Dec 17, 1878, - piano keyboard
----------- end of Anders-------------------------------
213554  (pdf) Automatic-Telegraph, T.A. Edison, March 25, 1879, 178/17A ; 178/92
215551 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, G.L. Anders (E.B. Welch), May 20, 1879, 178/38
Sunflower disk transmitter
222881 (pdf) Electromagnetic Machines, T.A. Edison, Dec 23, 1879, 310/265
Edison working with class 310 - Electrical Generator or Motor Structure
This is one year after Edison opened his first DC electric utility
227868 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, C.J. Wiley, NY, NY, May 18, 1880, 178/32,
227869 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, C.J. Wiley, NY, NY, May 18, 1880, 178/41
241094 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, H. Van Hoevenbergh (), May 3, 1881, 178/41 - weight driven
245732 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, J.H. Longstreet, Aug 16, 1881, 178/41
251658 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, H. Van Hoevenbergh, Dec 27, 1881, 178/32
------------------ Start of Johnson Group--------------
253060 (pdf) Secret Message Telegraph, A.F. & F.B. Johnson, Jan 31, 1882, 178/4 ; 178/26.1; 178/37; 178/92; 400/104; 400/155; 400/471.1; 400/614; 400/615; 400/634; 400/636; 400/642; 400/713
253061 (pdf) Aparatus for Preparing and Transmitting Secret Telegraphic Messages, A.F. & F.B. Johnson, Jan 31, 1882, 178/92 ; 178/17R; 178/37; 178/4; 380/26; 83/202
253062 (pdf) Secret Printing Telegraph, A.F. & F.B. Johnson, Jan 31, 1882, 178/37
253063 (pdf) Secret Printing Telegraph, A.F. & F.B. Johnson, Jan 31, 1882, 178/37 ; 178/28; 178/38
253064 (pdf) Instrument for Preparing and Transmitting Secret Telegraph Messages, A.F. & F.B. Johnson, Jan 31, 1882, 178/4 ; 178/26.1; 178/38; 178/92; 83/202; 83/252
257877 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, J.H. Longstreet, May 16, 1882, May 16, 1882
---------------- End of Johnson Group--------------
258439 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, A.A. Knudson, May 23, 1882, 178/32 ; 178/41 - Clock Face w/hour & minute hands
261567 (pdf)
264961 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, S.M. Plush, W.P. Phelps, September 26, 1882, 178/32 ; 178/41 - weight or spring to go faster
265353 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, A. Wirsching, Brooklyn, NY, Oct 3, 1882, 178/41 - rectangular base, weight driven
266176 (pdf) Printng Telegraph, W.J. McCausland (William W. Kurtz), Oct 17, 1882, 178/40 ; 178/41
267366 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, G.M. Phelps, Nov 14, 1882,  178/32
267929 (pdf) Telegraphic Register, F.L. Pope, Nov 21 1882, 178/97 ; 178/95; 178/96 -
269634 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, W.J. Burnside (UK 1853), Dec 26, 1882, - weight driven, escapement, single row type wheel, Sunflower keyboard, 1-wire, local battery,
273810 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, W.J. Burnside, March 13, 1883, 178/38
Instead of using a metal faced type wheel and soft ink roller he used a soft type and a hard striking surface
274300 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, S.D. Field, Mar 20, 1883,  178/32
274416 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, H.Van Hoevenbergh, Mar 20, 1883,  178/32
274417 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, H.Van Hoevenbergh, Mar 20, 1883,  178/32 ; 178/65; 178/66.1
274665 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, G.B. Scott, Mar 27, 1883,  178/32 ; 246/3
274748 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, S.D. Field, Mar 27, 1883,  178/32
279550 (pdf) Printing-Telegraph, S.V. Essick, Jun 19, 1883, - 15 key Sunflower, 2-wires, private line
279729 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, S.D. Field, Jun 19, 1883, - staggered character 2 row typewheel
279865 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, S.D. Field, Jun 19, 1883, 178/41
282296 (pdf) Dynamo Telegraphy, S.D. Field, Jul 31, 1883, 178/32 ; 178/65; 178/66.1
285709 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, H.Van Hoevenbergh, Sep 25, 1883, 178/35
285710 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, H.Van Hoevenbergh, Sep 25, 1883, 178/4 ; 178/111; 178/38; 235/442
286977 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, H.Van Hoevenbergh, Oct 16, 1883, 178/32
Transmitter, Improvement on 130831
287265  (pdf) Printing Telegraph and Transmitter Therefor, S.D. Field, Oct 23, 1883, 178/35
287266 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, S.D. Field, Oct 23, 1883, 178/41
287267 (pdf) Electric Transmitter, S.D. Field, Oct 23, 1883,178/74 ; 178/102; 178/66.1
290556 (pdf) Means of Controling Circuits of Printing Telegraphs, S.D. Field (Commercial Telegram Co), Dec 18, 1883, 178/32
290557 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, S.D. Field (Commercial Telegram Co), Dec 18, 1883, 178/32
Two typewheels & two escapments
290613 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, W.B. Vansize, Dec 18, 1883, 178/32
291075 (pdf) Excapement and Unison Mechanism for Printing Telegraph, S.D. Field (Commercial Telegram Co), Jan 8, 1884, 178/41 ; 335/230; 335/270; 335/281; 340/397.5
292966 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, H.Van Hoevenbergh, Feb 5, 1884, - multi-wire transmitter
293922 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, H.Van Hoevenbergh, Feb 19, 1884, 188/85 ; 74/527
293923 (pdf) Electromechanical Movement, H.Van Hoevenbergh, Feb 19, 1884, 318/686 ; 178/32
293924 (pdf) Electromechanical Movement, H.Van Hoevenbergh, Feb 19, 1884, 318/686 ; 74/54
293925 (pdf) Electromechanical Escapment, H.Van Hoevenbergh, Feb 19, 1884, 178/35 ; 178/38
293926 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, H.Van Hoevenbergh, February 19, 1884, 178/35
293959 (pdf) Unison Mechanism for Printing Telegraphs, S.D. Field, Feb 19, 1884,  178/32
295644 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, A.F. Johnson, goes with pat 268237 one magnet for each letter
299664 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, W.J. McCausland, (W.W. Kurtz), Jun 3, 1884,  178/32
300341 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, C.L. Buckingham (WUTC), Jun 17, 1884,  178/32
300417 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, C.L. Buckingham (WUTC), Jun 17, 1884, 178/32
300859 (pdf) Transmittter for Printing Telegraphs, S.D. Field (Commercial Telegram Co),  Jun 24, 1884, 178/32
303327 (pdf) Escapement for Telegraphs, D.B. Scott, Aug 12, 1884, 185/5 ; 178/38; 185/40B; 74/1.5
Recoil-teeth instead of dead-beat teeth on the escapement
weight driven requiring Winding.
304007 (pdf) Unison Apparatus for Printing Telegraph, A.A. Knudson, Aug 26, 1884, 178/35
304025 (pdf) Means for Rotating Typewheel of Printing-Telegraphs, G.M. Phelps (WUTC), Aug 26, 1884, 178/32
304051 (pdf) Unison Apparatus for Printing-Telegraphs, W.B. Vansize (WUTC), Aug 26, 1884, 178/41
304052 (pdf) Printing-Telegraph, W.B. Vansize (WUTC), Aug 26, 1884, 178/32
304475 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, H.Van Hoevenbergh, - weight driven, 1-wire, horseshoe magnet
306055 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, C.G. Burke, Oct 7, 1884, 178/4 ; 178/35; 178/38
306056 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, C.G. Burke, October 7, 1884, 178/35
306297 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, H. Van Hoevenbergh (BOTC), Oct 7, 1884, 178/41
--------------------
307231 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, R.J. Sheehy(), Oct 28, 1884, 178/41
307232 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, R.J. Sheehy(), Oct 28, 1884, 178/39
307233 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, R.J. Sheehy(), Oct 28, 1884, 178/41
307234 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, R.J. Sheehy(), Oct 28, 1884, 178/40 ; 178/41
Wide paper printer
307696 (pdf) Printing Telegraph,A&E Wirsching, Nov 4, 1884, 178/32 ; 178/40
307841 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, G.A. Cassagnes (Paris, France), Nov 11, 1884, 178/17R ; 178/21; 178/25; 178/31; 178/4.1R; 276/18; 400/359; 400/71
309000 (pdf) Electric Apparatus for Setting Clocks, J.E. Smith (G&STC), Dec 9, 1884, 368/58
309001 (pdf)  Circuit Controller for Electric Clocks on Telephone & Other Lines, J.E. Smith (G&STC), Dec 9, 1884, 368/4

310587 (pdf)  Printing Telegraph,
311218 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, J.E. Wright Ny, Ny & J.H. Longstreet, Hoboken, NJ (), Jan 27, 1885, 178/40 ; 178/41 - large horseshoe magnet
313175 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, G.A. Cassagnes (Paris, France), Mar 3 1885,  370/273 ; 178/31; 178/4.1R; 400/364; 400/91; 400/94
313176 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, G.A. Cassagnes (Paris, France), Mar 3 1885,178/26.1 ; 178/21; 341/90
313786 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, H.Van Hoevenbergh (B&OTC), Mar 10, 1885, - 2 typewheels, escapement
314115 (pdf) Chemical Stock Quotation Telegraph, T.A. Edison & P. Keny, Mar 17, 1885,  358/478
316494 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, A.B. Simth (W.R. Rankine), Apr 28, 1885,  178/32
-------------start Hoevenbergh, Elizabeth, NJ & Baltimore & Ohio Telegraph Co. ------------
This appears to be a collection of Printing Telegraph patents for not only stock tickers, but also a number of other things
316676 (pdf) Electromagnet for Printing Telegraphs, H.Van Hoevenbergh (B&OTC), Apr 28, 1885,178/41 ; 335/228; 335/266; 335/268
316677 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, H.Van Hoevenbergh (B&OTC), Apr 28, 1885, 178/41 - rectangular base
316678 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, H.Van Hoevenbergh (B&OTC), Apr 28, 1885, 178/40
316679 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, H.Van Hoevenbergh (B&OTC), Apr 28, 1885, 178/42 - tape transfer process
316680 (pdf) Page Printing Telegraph, H.Van Hoevenbergh (B&OTC), Apr 28, 1885,178/29
316681 (pdf) Page Printing Telegraph, H.Van Hoevenbergh (B&OTC), Apr 28, 1885, 178/41
316682 (pdf) Type Wheel for Printing Telegraph, H.Van Hoevenbergh (B&OTC), Apr 28, 1885, 178/38
316683 (pdf) Type Wheel for Printing Telegraph, H.Van Hoevenbergh (B&OTC), Apr 28, 1885, 178/41
316684 (pdf) Type Wheel for Printing Telegraph, H.Van Hoevenbergh (B&OTC), Apr 28, 1885, 178/41
316685 (pdf) Platten Shifting Device for Printing Telegraphs, H.Van Hoevenbergh (B&OTC), Apr 28, 1885, 178/40
316686 (pdf) Transmitter for Printing Telegraph, H.Van Hoevenbergh (B&OTC), Apr 28, 1885, 341/22 - 6x6 keyboard
316687 (pdf) Automatic Governor for Printing Telegraph Transmitters, H.Van Hoevenbergh (B&OTC), Apr 28, 1885, 188/180 ; 178/18.01; 200/81R
316688 (pdf) Pneumatic Winding Apparatus for Printing Telegraphs, H.Van Hoevenbergh (B&OTC), Apr 28, 1885, 60/698 ; 185/44
316689 (pdf) Chemical Printing Telegraph, H.Van Hoevenbergh (B&OTC), Apr 28, 1885, 178/39 ; 178/62
316690 (pdf) Methos of Unisoning Printing Telegraphs that have Two Type Wheels, H.Van Hoevenbergh (B&OTC), Apr 28, 1885, 178/41
316691 (pdf) Unison Device for Printing Telegraphs, H.Van Hoevenbergh (B&OTC), Apr 28, 1885, 178/41
316692 (pdf) Inking Roller for Printing Telegraph Type Wheels, H.Van Hoevenbergh (B&OTC), Apr 28, 1885, 400/470
316693 (pdf) Chemical or Facsimilr Printing Telegraph, H.Van Hoevenbergh (B&OTC), Apr 28, 1885, 358/478
316694 (pdf) Method of Printing Telegraphlly, H.Van Hoevenbergh (B&OTC), Apr 28, 1885, 400/163.2 ; 178/29; 400/328 - spiral grooved rod moves type wheel across paper.
316695 (pdf) Winding Device for Printing Telegraphs, H.Van Hoevenbergh (B&OTC), Apr 28, 1885, 178/32 ; 185/40B; 185/40R
316696 (pdf) Unison for Printng Telegraphs, H.Van Hoevenbergh (B&OTC), Apr 28, 1885, 178/41
316697 (pdf) Platten Shifting Device for Printing Telegraphs, H.Van Hoevenbergh (B&OTC), Apr 28, 1885, 178/40
316698 (pdf) Receiver for Printing Telegraphs, H.Van Hoevenbergh (B&OTC), Apr 28, 1885, 178/36 ; 178/33A
---------------- end Hoevenbergh---------------
319001 (pdf) Unison Device for Printing Telegraph, L.A. McCarthy, Jun 2, 1885, 178/32 ; 178/41
319855 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, G.B. Scott (WUTC), Jun 9, 1885,  178/32 319885
321858 (pdf) Printing Telegraph Transmitter, G.B. Scott (WUTC), Jul 7, 1885, 178/32
Piano Keyboard
322689 (pdf) Printing Device for Synchronous Telegraphy, P.B. Delany, July 21, 1885, 178/35
325702  (pdf) Printing Telegraph, R.J. Sheehy, Sep 8, 1885,  178/28 ; 400/314.1; 400/322; 400/354.1; 400/555; 400/568
Type wheel moved across paper by by two gear sectors
326989 (pdf) Printing Telegraph Receiver, C.M. Jordan, Sep 29, 1885, 178/40 ; 178/41
327911 (pdf) Printing Telegraph Receiver, A. Wirsching, Oct 6, 1885,  178/40 ; 400/148 - a fast hammer is used to replace the slow printing lever
328491 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, C.N. Judson, Oct 20, 1885,  400/470 ; 178/38 - single type wheel but use different colors for stock name and price
328500 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, W.J. McCausland, Oct 20, 1885, 178/39 ; 178/35
329515 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, S.B.Van Nortwick, Nov 3, 1885, 178/35
330238 (pdf) Transmitter for Printing Telegraphs, C.L. Healy (S.D. Field), Nov 10, 1885, 178/32
332649 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, R.N. Dyer (Commercial Telegram Co), Dec 15, 1885, 178/41
333298 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, C.L. Healy, Dec 29, 1885, 178/35
334294 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, R.J. Sheehy, Jan 12, 1886, 178/41
335275 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, R.N. Dyer (Commercial Telegram Co), Feb 2, 1886, 178/41
335482 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, A.C. Robbins (E.C. Cole & J.D. Larkin), Feb 2, 1886, 178/41
335681 (pdf) Multiple Harmonic Printing Telegraph, G.A. Cardwell, Feb 9, 1886, 178/32 ; 178/2R
338343 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, S.D. Field (Commercial Telegram Co), Mar 23, 1886,
338344 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, S.D. Field (Commercial Telegram Co), Mar 23, 1886, - weight driven
339312 (pdf) Printing Telegraph Receiver, W.J. McCausland, Apr 6, 1886, 178/41
341655 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, C.L. Healy, May 11, 1886, 178/35
341656 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, C.L. Healy, May 11, 1886,
345245 (pdf) Automatic Telegraphy, E.J. Mallett (), Jun 12, 1888, 178/41 ; 178/3
350469 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, D.B. Scott (WUTC), Oct 5, 1886, - escapement
350615 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, C.L. Buckingham, Oct 12, 1886, 178/32
350616 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, C.L. Buckingham, Oct 12, 1886, 178/35 ; 246/3
350617 (pdf) Printing Telegraph Transmitter, C.L. Buckingham, Oct 12, 1886, 178/32
350983 (pdf) Printing-Telegraph, J.H. Linville (IPTC), Oct 19, 1896, - faster type wheel ticker page width
350984 (pdf) Printing-Telegraph, J.H. Linville (IPTC), Oct 19, 1896, - 1/4 Sunflower keyboard
352435 (pdf) Printing Telegraph System, J.C. Wilson, Nov 9, 1886, 178/35
354001 (pdf) Printing Telegraph Instrument, A. Wirshing (), Brooklyn, NY, Dec7, 1886, 178/41 - weight driven
355662 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, D.E. Pike (R.W.Pope), Jan 4, 1887,  178/32
358379 (pdf) Telegraphy, R.G. Brown, February 22, 1887, 178/35 ; 178/74
364893  (pdf) Synchronous Telegraphy, R.G. Brown, June 14, 1887, 178/35 ; 178/75; 370/303
364894 (pdf) Synchronous Telegraphy, R.G. Brown, June 14, 1887, 178/35 ; 178/75; 370/303
365059 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, S.V. Essick, Jun 21, 1887,  - 28-wire
365705 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, G.B. Scott, June 28, 1887, 361/246 ; 178/102
365982 (pdf) Transmitter for Printing Telegraphs, S.D. Field (J. Anderson), Jul 5, 1887,  178/32 ; 178/79
365994 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, C.L. Healy (CTC), July 5, 1887, -
366166 (pdf) Printing Telegraph Transmitter, C.L. Healy, (CTC), Jul 5, 1887,  400/489 ; 178/41
 Stock Quote keyboard with some keys for the left hand and other keys for the right hand
366178 (pdf) Printing Telegraph Receiver, H. Mahnken, Jul 5, 1887, 335/230 ; 178/39; 178/96
368217 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, J.H. Linville,  - 2 typewheel page printer, self winding
368541 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, H. Mahnken (Commercial Telegram Co), Aug 16, 1887,  178/32 ; 335/78
368692 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, R.J. Sheehy,  Aug 23, 1887, 178/32
368858  (pdf) Printing Telegraph, R.J. Sheehy, Aug 23, 1887,  178/38
368859  (pdf) Printing Telegraph, R.J. Sheehy, Aug 23, 1887,
370357 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, R.J. Sheehy, Sep 20, 1887, 178/32
370691 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, S.D. Field (Commercial Telegram Co), Sep 27, 1887, 178/32
weight driven
370978 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, R.J. Sheehy (Independent Printing Telegraph Co), Oct 4, 1887, 178/32
big gear wheel on top
373508 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, C.J. Wiley, - page printer, stock symbol printed once then just price in rows.
374444 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, A. Bixby, Dec 6, 1887, - 2 row typewriter type keyboard
B&O Railroad and the B&O Telegraph Co. try to compete with Western Union, but fail and become part of WU

377763 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, J.H. Linville, Feb 14, 1888,  178/28 ; 400/154; 400/317.2; 400/322; 400/328.1; 400/354.1; 400/470; 400/568; 400/613; 400/686
378107 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, D.E. Pike (WUTC), Feb 21, 1888,  178/32
------------------
378436 (pdf) Printing Telegraphy, P.B. Delany, Feb 28, 1888, 178/35
378437 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, P.B. Delany, Feb 28, 1888, 178/35
383450 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, S.V. Essick, May 29, 1888, - weight driven, piano keyboard
works with pat 365059
------------------------
384320 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, E.J. Mallett, June 12, 1888, 178/35 ; 335/230
384321 (pdf) Polarized Electromagnet, E.J. Mallett, June 12, 1888, 335/230
384322 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, E.J. Mallett, June 12, 1888, 178/40
384323 (pdf) Automatic Pole Changer, E.J. Mallett, June 12, 1888,
384324 (pdf) Automatic Telegraphy, E.J. Mallett, June 12, 1888, 178/16
384325 (pdf) Automatic Telegraphy, E.J. Mallett, June 12, 1888, 178/41 ; 178/3
384326 (pdf) Automatic Pole Changer, E.J. Mallett, June 12, 1888, 361/246
-----------------------
384455 (pdf) Printing Telegraph Receiver, H. Mahnken (John Anderson), NY, NY, Jun 12, 1888, 178/41
388244 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, J.M.E. Baudot, Aug 21, 1888, -
388922 (pdf) Telegraph Exchange System, R.J. Sheehy (), Sep 4, 1888, 178/32 ; 178/75
389142 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, B.A. Fiske (WUTC), Sep 4, 1888,  178/32
394302 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, G.V. Sheffield, Dec 11, 1888,  - has different sounding setam whistle for each letter for blind operators
395614 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, M.W. Dewey, Jan 1, 1889, 178/35
397466 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, A.T. McCoy, Boston, MA (John Anderson, NY), Feb 5, 1889, 178/40 ; 178/41
398833 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, F.H.W. Higgins (UK 2128), Mar 5, 1889,  - Electrical Type-Writer
404426 (pdf) Unison Device, G.F. Oehmen, Jun 4, 1889, 178/41 ; 340/825.41
407729 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, C.L. Healy (Commercial Telegram Co), Jul 23, 1889,
407730 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, C.L. Healy (Commercial Telegram Co), Jul 23, 1889,  178/32
420240 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, J.F. McLaughlin, Jan 28, 1890,  - interconnecting two electric typewriters
429115 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, J. Burry (Aloys Wirsching, NY), Jun 3, 1890, 178/34 ; 178/40; 178/41
A different way to sending and receiving step-by-step
429576 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, A.T. McCoy, Jun 3, 1890,
429577 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, A.T. McCoy, Jun 3, 1890,178/38
----------------------
This is the "Self Winding" where a spring is would.  The spring then powers the type wheel instead of  using line power.
This is the same idea as the Western Union Self Winding Clocks that were in government buildings, banks, jewelery stores, etc.
patent 431784 Printing
        Telegraph, G.B. Scott, Jly, 8, 1890
431784 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, G.B. Scott, Jly, 8, 1890, 178/38
431987 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, A.T. McCoy, Jly, 8, 1890,
432453 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, W.W. Taylor, July 15, 1890, -
434261 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, T.M. Foote (C.L. Pillusbury), Aug 12, 1890,  178/32 ; 178/65
434881 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, J.B. Odell, Aug 19, 1890, 178/35 - 4 row typewriter style keyboard
436740 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, J.B. Odell (Printing Telegraph Co, IL), Sep 16, 1890, 178/28 ; 178/41
443111 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, F.B. Rae, Dec 23, 1890,  - polar signaling
443134 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, S.V.B. Essick, 23 Dec, 1890,  - two typewriter type keyboard, line printer, 2 row typewheel, 1-wire, prior patents: 279550, 365059, 383450,443135, 443136
443135 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, S.V.B. Essick, 23 Dec, 1890,  -
443136 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, S.V.B. Essick, 23 Dec, 1890,  -
450228 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, P.H. Fisk, Apr 14, 1891,  - Purmutation code
450631 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, S.R. Linville (Keystone Battery & Elec Sup Co), Apr 21, 1891,  178/32 ; 178/65
451951 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, E. Pope, May 12, 1891,  - Purmutation code
455075  (pdf) Printing Telegraph, H.Van Hoevenberg, June 30, 1891, 178/35
455294 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, D.H. Bates & H. Van Hoevenbergh (), June 30, 1891, - duplice printout
457239 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, H. Van Hoevenbergh (B&O Telegraph Co), Aug 4, 1891, 178/40 ; 178/41
460328 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, J.E. Wright (UK 11799) , Sep 29, 1891,  - "column printer"
460349 (pdf) Printing Telegraph Apparatus, G.A. Gassagnes (Paris, France), Sep 29, 1891,  178/39 ; 178/21; 178/32; 178/4
460572 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, M.G. Farmer, Oct 6, 1891, 178/35 ; 178/64
470768 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, E.J. Silkman, Mar 15, 1892,  - 3 rwo keyboard, line printer, step by step typewheel
472237 (pdf) Unison Apparatus for Printing Telegraphs, H.Van Hoevenberg, April 5, 1892, 178/35
477383 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, C.J. Reed, Jun 21, 1892,  -
477384 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, C.J. Reed, Jun 21, 1892,  -
486888 (pdf) Electrical Transmitting Apparatus, A.D. Neal, Nov 29, 1892, 178/35 - faster
487229 (pdf) Printing-Telegraph, A.D. Neal & H.F. Eaton, - Hammond typewriter pat 290419 - either cable for short distance or 1-wire for
--------------------
487981 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, C.L. Buckingham, Dec 13, 1892, 178/4 ; 178/34; 178/40; 400/163.3; 400/70
487982 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, C.L. Buckingham, Dec 13, 1892, 178/4 ; 178/112; 178/40; 341/66
487983 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, C.L. Buckingham, Dec 13, 1892, 178/4 ; 178/17R
487984 (pdf) Synchronous Multiple Telegraph, C.L. Buckingham, Dec 13, 1892, 370/304
487985 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, C.L. Buckingham, Dec 13, 1892, 178/4 ; 178/40; 178/41; 318/75
487986 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, C.L. Buckingham, Dec 13, 1892, 178/4 ; 178/41; 370/304
-------------------
491133 (pdf) Printing Telegraph Receiver, M.D. Porter (National Ticker Co), Feb 7, 1893, 178/40 ; 178/41; 185/40B; 185/40R; 185/43
494185 (pdf) Printing-Telegraph, J.E. Wright, Mar 28, 1893  - page printer type wheel
498529 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, E.V. Baillard, May 30, 1893, 178/35
498674 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, D. Murray, - Remington keyboard purmutation code
504732 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, S.R. Linville (U.S. Printing Telegram Co), Sep 12, 1893,  178/32
--------------------
506269 (pdf) Printing Telegraph,  R.J. Sheehy (W. Goodwin), October 10, 1893, 178/32
506270 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, R.J. Sheehy (W. Goodwin), October 10, 1893, 178/40
506271 (pdf) Apparatus for Securing Synchronous Movement, R.J. Sheehy (W. Goodwin), October 10, 1893,318/85 ; 318/254
506272 (pdf) Printing-Telegraph Exchange System, R.J. Sheehy, October 10, 1893, 178/35 ; 178/74; 178/75; 341/183
506273 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, R.J. Sheehy, October 10, 1893, 178/32
506274 (pdf) Telegraphy, R.J. Sheehy, October 10, 1893, 178/35
----------------------
506973 (pdf) Printing Telegraphm L.P. Buck & F.D. Sweeten, Oct 17, 1893,  -interconnect typewriters
509430 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, R.A. Fowden, Nov 28, 1893, 178/35
512422 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, E.A. Wirsching, Jan 9, 1894, 178/35 ; 178/38; 185/40R
521170 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, O.L. Keebler, Jun 12, 1894,  - prints Morse look like built on top of sounder
521550 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, E. Pope (UK), Jun 19, 1894,  - purmutation code
524711 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, R.A. Fowden, Aug 21, 1894, 178/35
529484 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, B.A. Fiske (WUTC), Nov 20, 1894,  178/32
529630 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, G.A. Scott, Nov 20, 1894, 178/35
531677 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, S.V.B. Essick, Jan 1, 1895, - page printer
534639 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, S.V.B. Essick, Feb 26, 1895,  -
535179 (pdf) Typewriter Attachment, C. Spiro, March 5, 1895 ,178/81 ; 178/85; 400/338.1
537464 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, O.L. Keebler, Apr 16, 1895,  -
541149 (pdf) Transmitter, J. Burry, Jun 18, 1895, 178/83 - Sunflower type
544345 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, C.L. Buckingham, Aug 13, 1895,  - high speed typesetting printer U/L case
544346 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, C.L. Buckingham, Aug 13, 1895,  - high speed typesetting printer U/L case
544347 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, C.L. Buckingham, Aug 13, 1895,  - high speed typesetting printer U/L case
544348 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, C.L. Buckingham, Aug 13, 1895,  - high speed typesetting printer U/L case
551948 (pdf) Electric Telegraph, W.H. Cooley (), Dec 24, 1895,  178/32 ; 178/34; 178/4; 178/85; 370/303

Up to now all electric utility power was DC.
1896 start of AC power utilities Niagara Falls first big use of AC and the end of DC power
It probably was many years after this that A.C. electricity was commonly available.


552738 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, J.E. Woodbridge, Jan 7, 1896, 178/35
558506 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, B.F. Merrit & J.M. Joy (CT&NC), Apr 21, 1896,  - typewheel page printer
572609 (pdf) Telegraph System, B.F. Merritt, Dec 8, 1896, 178/35 - motor in keyboard
572760 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, L. Kamm, Dec 8, 1896,  - "Kamm's Zerograph" Tx & Rx 3 row keyboard typewheel
574994 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, Jan 12, 1897, 178/35
575830 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, O.L. Keebler, Jan 26, 1897,  - typewheel page printer
579634 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, C.L. Buckingham & E. German, Mar 30, 1897, - print paper tube (Why?)
579635 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, C.L. Buckingham & E. German, Mar 30, 1897, - print paper tube (Why?)
579636 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, C.L. Buckingham & E. German, Mar 30, 1897, - print paper tube (Why?)
580617 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, H. Kreusler, Apr 13, 1897,  -
581411
581411 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, J. Burry, April 27, 1897, 178/40 ; 178/41; 400/336.1; 400/470; 400/471; 400/613
588046 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, E.M.D. Andre, August 10, 1897, 178/35
590664 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, R. Kubler, Sep 28, 1897, 178/35
596320 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, B.A. Brooks, Dec 28, 1897,  -
601768 (pdf) Printing Telegraph System, J. Burry, Ft Lee, NJ(),  Apr 5, 1898, 178/23R ; 178/41; 400/322; 400/331.3; 74/112
a "U" magnet and two coils drive escapment wheel from the side
606329 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, B.A. Brooks, Jun 28, 1898,  -
608333 (pdf) Telegraphic Transmitting and Receiving Apparatus, B. Hoffmann, August 2, 1898, 178/35
613348 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, A. Wirsching, Nov 1, 1898,  - typewheel page printer
621863 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, S.J. Small, Mar 28, 1899,  - printing typewriter
623846 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, D.G. Smith, Apr 25, 1899,  -
624487 (pdf ) Printing Telegraph, K. Himrod (ITTC), May 9, 1899,  - Baudot system
630827 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, F. Hachmann, August 8, 1899, 178/35
633586 (pdf) Printing Telegraph System, C.L. Healy (), Sep 26, 1899, 178/32
643379 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, L, Kamm, Feby 13, 1900, 178/35
649893 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, J. Stockert, May 15, 1900,  - typewriter based
655249 (pdf) Telegraphic Type-writer, R. Kubler, Aug 7, 1900, 178/35 ; 178/18.01
663859 (pdf) Receiver for Printing Telegraphs, J. Burry (), Dec 18, 1900, 178/32
664761 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, E. Kinsman, Dec 25, 1900,  - spiral apaer rather than line feed
665027 (pdf) Printing-Telegraph, H. Mankhen, January 1, 1901, 74/159 ; 178/38; 185/40B - uses clock escapment to turn type wheel
671405 (pdf) Telegraph, H. Shoemaker, April 2, 1901, 178/35
673381 (pdf) Printing Telegraphic Instrument L.M. Casella (UK), May 7, 1901, 178/38
673429 (pdf) Long-Distance Type-writer, A.J. Farmer, May 7, 1901, 178/35
675380 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, R.A. Fowden, June 4, 1901, 178/35
675894 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, F.H. Littlefield, Jun 11, 1901.  - faster permutation system
675895 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, F.H. Littlefield, Jun 11, 1901.  - faster permutation system
677801 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, J. Rogginger, July 2, 1901, 178/35
680693 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, J. Burry, Aug 20, 1901, 178/29 ; 400/334.3; 400/471; 400/564; 400/613
Broad page printer, 45 pg
685390 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, J.E. Wright, Oct 29, 1901,  - improved stock ticker
685571 (pdf) Telegraph or other System, J. Burry, Oct 29, 1901, 178/2R ; 178/35; 178/75
Circuits and arrangement thereof
695537 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, L. Cerebotani, March 18, 1902, 178/35 ; 178/117; 370/305
705227 (pdf) Printing-Telegraph, T.M. Foote, Jul 22, 2902
712939 (pdf) Printing-Telegraph, O.L. Kleber, Nov 4, 1902,  - inporvements on 571464, 575830
720668 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, L. Cerebotani, Feb 17, 1903, 178/35
--------------------- Phelps Self Winding --------------------
726566
726566 (pdf) Printing Telegraph System, W.P. Phelps, Apr 18, 1903, 178/32
727089 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, H. Casevitz (France), May 5, 1903,  - He named it "Teletype".
745279 (pdf) Type Printing Telegraph, F.H.W. Higgins (UK), November 24, 1903, 74/143 ; 101/110; 101/72; 178/38; 74/156; 74/88
Older type wheel machines can go about 60 characters per minute, this is much faster
758250 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, C.L. Healy, April 26, 1904, 178/35 ; 24/131R
758732 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, J.C. Barclay, May 3, 1904, 178/33R
767322 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, J.D. White (London, UK), Aug 9, 1904,  178/32
770951 (pdf) Relay, J.C. Barclay, September 27, 1904, 361/210 ; 178/77; 178/98; 335/124
785076 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, J.C. Barclay, March 21, 1905, 178/27
787608 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, J.C. Barclay, April 18, 1905, 178/27 ; 178/40; 370/305; 400/317.3
779524 (pdf) Printing Telegraph System, J. Burry, Jan 10, 1905, 178/35 ; 178/70A
Improvement on 601768
780663 (pdf) Method of Operating Printing Telegraph Receivers, J.M. Joy, Jan 24, 1905, 178/23R ; 178/35
801173 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, J.C. Barclay, Oct 3, 1905,  - improved: 785076, 787608
818477 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, R.J. Sheehy, April 24, 1906, 178/35
826615 (pdf) Telegraphy, R.J. Sheehy (), Jul 24, 1906,  178/32 ; 178/65; 318/42
843508 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, J.E. White (UK 767322) , Feb 5, 1907,  -
862402 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, C.L. Krum, Aug 6, 1907,  178/27 ; 178/40 - aimed at teletype type use, type drum with many rows
865470 (pdf)  Printing Telegraph, J.E. White, Sep 10, 1907,  - typewheel page printer
869420 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, B.W. Cochran, Oct 29, 1907,  - more than 1 bit in each character space
875410 (pdf) Printing Telegraph Receiver, J. Burry, Dec 31, 1907, 178/32
 new protocol: Polarity, Strength, Order (a permutation code) but for type wheel
------------------ Start Barclay Self Winding-------
patent 875643 Printing
        Telegraph, J.C. Barclay (WUTC), Dec 31, 1907
875643 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, J.C. Barclay (WUTC), Dec 31, 1907, 178/35
Convert two line receiver, like 726566, into a single line receiver
-------------------
877821 (pdf) Perforating Machine, J.C. Barclay, Jan 28, 1908, 234/51 ; 234/105; 234/111; 234/127- typewriter like keyboard
877822 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, J.C. Barclay, Jan 28, 1908, 178/35 ; 178/28
877823 (pdf) Perforator, J.C. Barclay, Jan 28, 1908, 234/51 ; 234/105; 234/127
---------------
886338 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, J.C. Barclay, May 5, 1908, 178/35 ; 178/70A
886339 (pdf) Automatic Telegraph Transmitter, J.C. Barclay, May 5, 1908, 178/17A ; 178/17R- Wheatstone type
--------------- End Barclay Group-----------
902792 (pdf) Type Printing Telegraph Apparatus, G.A.M. Agrell (Sweden), Nov 3, 1908,  178/38
917011 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, A.C. Crehore, Apr 6, 1909,  - typewriter based
922781 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, I. Kitsee, May 25, 1909,  - Tx and Rx do not need synchronization
923488 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, H.W. Bull, June 1, 1909, 178/35 ; 178/29
937032 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, J.C. Barclay, October 12, 1909, 178/29
962082 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, T.M. Foote(), June 21, 1910,  - 3 typewheel stock ticker
962694 (pdf) Printing Telegraph Receiver, J. Burry (Dec'd) (Stock Quotation Telegraph Co), Jun 28, 1910, 178/29 ; 178/41
Improving on 680693 Page "broad" printer
978435 (pdf) Telegraph Transmitter Apparatus, H.G. Davis (EPBC), Dec 13, 1910, 178/35 ; 400/686
982274 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, C.K. Jones, Jan 24, 1911,  - purmutation code
982275 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, C.K. Jones, Jan 24, 1911,  - purmutation code
982276 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, C.K. Jones, Jan 24, 1911,  - purmutation code
985824 (pdf) Electric Type Writing Machine, A.T. MacCoy (C.B. Strecker), Mar 7, 1911,  178/32
991672 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, G.S. Tiffany (Bankers Trust Co), May 9, 1911, 178/32
---------------------------- 7 Digit Patent Numbers-------------
1004038 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, C.L. Krum, Sep 26, 1911,  - purmutatin code
1034405 (pdf) Printing-Telegraph, B. Soldatencow, July 30, 1912, 178/35
1107365 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, C.E. Scribner & F.R. McBerty (WE), Aug 18, 1914,  - typewheel
1085124 (pdf) Printing Telegraph Receiver, G.S. Hiltz, Jan 27, 1914, 178/40 ; 400/155.1
1086049 (pdf) Printing Telegraph Receiver, G.S. Hiltz, Feb 3, 1914, 178/40
-----------------
1097580 (pdf) Printing Machine, J.C. Barclay, May 19, 1914, 400/154.1 ; 101/93.29; 400/155.1; 400/330; 400/568
1105920 (pdf) Telegraphy, L.M. Potts, August 4, 1914, 178/27 ; 178/33A; 178/4; 400/81
1105921 (pdf) Punching Machine, L.M. Potts (A. McLanahan), Aug 4, 1914, 400/81 ; 234/102; 234/107; 234/122; 234/37; 234/41; 400/656
General punching for telegraph, Lino-type, etc
1105922 (pdf) Telegraphy, L.M. PottsAugust 4, 1914, 178/27
------------------
1114578 (pdf) Stock Quotation Indicator, R.W. Bumstead, October 20, 1914, 340/825.26 ; 178/24; 340/404.1; 340/815.6; 340/815.62
1116657 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, C.J. Wiley, November 10, 1914, 178/31
1138958 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, O.L. Kleber, May 11, 1915,  -
1146985 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, C.J. Wiley(), Jly 20, 1915,  - improvement on 1116657
1168603 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, L. Cerebotani (Carl Zies),  Jan 18, 1916,  - typewheel uncoples after each character and homes then recouples.
1223463 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, J.E. Wright, Apr 24, 1917,  - additional pulses for mux
1305225 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, C.L. & H.L. Krum, May 27, 1919,  -
1344379 (pdf) Illuminated Displaying Device, J.H. Chidester, June 22, 1920, 353/47 - optically projects tape image
1347580 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, G.S. Hiltz (SQTC), Jly 27, 1920,  -
1360231 (pdf)
1399993 (pdf)
1400988 (pdf)
1401950 (pdf) Printing Telegraph,
1426803 (pdf)
1501679 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, D. Hurray (WU),
1549820 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, Gilbert S. Vernam (AT&T), Aug 18, 1925, - Synchronous multiplex
1564421 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, Edward E. Kleinschmidt (Morkum-Kleinschmidt Corp), Dec 8 1925, - 5-level receiver where  there is no distributer
maybe leading to the 5A type machine.
1667531 (pdf) Sound Reproducing Apparatus, B.E. Brown (R.B. Labs), Apr 24, 1928, 381/418 - combines a horseshoe magnet and coil.
1672129 (pdf) Printing Device, J. Kleinman, Jun 5, 1928,  400/164 ; 178/38 - Punched card printing
1689295 (pdf)

---------------- start of G.S. Hittz -----------
1707522  (pdf) Current Transmission Apparatus for Printing Telegraph and Other Systems, G.S. Hiltz (SQTC), Apr 2, 1929,  178/23R ; 178/35
    Sunflower sender
1711497 (pdf) Current Transmission Apparatus for Printing Telegraph and Other Systems, G.S. Hiltz (SQTC),  May 7, 1929, 178/4 ; 178/17C; 200/46; 234/106; 235/442; 246/5 - typewriter keyboard
1713128 (pdf) Printing Telepraph Transmitter, G.S. Hiltz (SQTC), May 14, 1929, 178/35 - uses motor for power not line
---------------
1732601 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, G.S. Hiltz (SQTC),  Oct 22, 1929, 178/41
1732602 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, G.S. Hiltz (SQTC),  Oct 22, 1929, 178/41
Stock Market Crash October 29, 1929 - Need for faster Tickers
The Western Union Black Box was next


1752084 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, G.S. Hiltz (SQTC), March 25, 1930, 178/35 -
    Bi-Polar drive
    unison command is automatic every so many characters
1753656 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, G.S. Hiltz (WUTC), Apr 8, 1930,  178/39 - better type wheel drive for more speed
1765042 (pdf) Automatic Tape Controlled Transmisson for Tickers, E.R. Wheeler (WUTC), Jun 17, 1930,  178/4 ; 178/17R; 178/27; 178/33R; 178/40; 340/825.26
     5 level paper tape, not Baudot
    Letter Wheel: . A B C D E F G H I . J K L M N O P Q R . S  T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z  &
    Fig    Wheel: C 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 . s 1/8 1/4 3/8 1/2 5/8 3/4 7/8 B
1767128 (pdf) Printing Telegraph System, G.S. Hiltz, Jun 24, 1930, 178/41 - Paper tape reader & operator activated unison feature
-------------
1771499 (pdf) Apparatus for Feeding Tape and Projecting Images Therefrom, H.H. Lynn, Jul 29, 1930, 178/42 ; 200/61.18; 200/82R; 200/DIG.11; 226/43; 226/45
1771500 (pdf) Apparatus for Feeding Tape and Projecting Images Therefrom, H.H. Lynn, Jul 29, 1930, 178/42 ; 200/82R; 200/DIG.11; 226/43
----------------
1774971 (pdf) Cupon-Printing Telegraph Machine, F.J. Haupt, Sep 2, 1930,  178/42 ; 178/1; 178/27 - Buy and Sell orders on form
1801528 (pdf)
1801529 (pdf)
1811133 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, E.E. Kleinshmidt, June 23, 1931, 178/38 ; 101/110; 178/33R; 178/93; 400/155.1 - stock printing single wheel
D83408 (pdf) Combined Table and Cover for a Telegraph Printer, J.A. Mahoney (Bell Tel Labs), Feb 17, 1931, D14/472


Western Union 5A
              Stock Ticker
Western Union 5A
              Stock Ticker patent 1821110 drawing


1821110 (pdf) Selecting and Printing Mechanism, Sterline Morton, Howard L. Krum, Edward E. Kleinschmidt (Teletype), Sep 1 1931, 178/33R ; 101/93.19; 235/429
This is the patent for the Western Union 5A Stock Ticker.

Has two selector mechanisms, the first is set by the code and the second is set by the first.  This way a character can be printing while the next character is being decoded
1821124 (pdf) Selecting apparatus, C.W. Swan (Teletype), Sep 1, 1931, 178/34
Pineapple type stack of disks with rods near the outer diameter selector mechanism.
Driven from a polar relay, optimized for high speed, low energy compsumption
1821164 (pdf) Printing Telegraphs, E.E. Kleinshmidt (Teletype), Sep 1, 1931, 178/34
6 bit Start-Stop stock ticker printer.
Optimized so that power compsumption is spread over the operating cycle to minimize the peak power required thus allowing the printer to be powred over the phone line instead of from a local battery (D.C. power from phone line).
1821165 (pdf) Selective Signaling and Apparatus, E.E. Kleinshmidt (Teletype), Sep 1, 1931,178/4.1R ; 178/34
About the same number of Figures are printed on a stock ticker as are Letters, hence adding a 6th bit to the permutation code.  At the time the 6th bit is decoded and the type wheel is in position the 5 input selector bits are free to accept another character thus there is no need to have a first and second selector system to allow overlapping decoding and printing.

1826741 (pdf) Printing Wheel, F.G. Creed(Creed & Co, UK), Oct 13, 1931, 178/38 -
1832160 (pdf) Feeding Mechanism for Printing Telegraphs, A. Vischer Jr. (Dow, Jones & Co.), Nov 17, 1931, 400/320 ; 178/28; 400/322; 400/332.4; 400/332.5; 451/392; 74/167
1834828 (pdf) Printing Telegraph System, R.F. Dirkes, Dec 1, 1931,  178/4 ; 178/38; 178/40 -
divides the stock price printing amoungst a number of seperate printers to gain speed
1855153 (pdf) Automatic Timing Control for Manually Operated Transmitters for Ticker or Step-by-Step Telegraph Systems, P.L. Myer (WUTC), April 19, 1932, 178/35 ; 178/40 -
D87174 (pdf) June 14, 1932, D20/2 - standing casket design.  flat glass to allow viewing and reduce noise
1866944 (pdf) Method and Apparatus for Printing Security Quotations, H.W. Spooner, July 12, 1932, 178/35 ; 340/825.26
    printing letter & number with same printing stroke is twice as fast and uses less paper tape
1884754 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, H.L. Krum (Teletype), Oct 25 1932, 178/28 ; 400/186; 400/257; 400/62 - stock or news broad printer - moving typewheel
has a strong similarity to the 5A stock tape printer
1903806 Stock Quotation Projecting Machine and Method for Feeding Tape Therethrough, J.W. Decker, Apr 18, 1933, 353/51 ; 226/43 - 
RE19727 Stock Quotation Projecting Machine and Method for Feeding Tape Therethrough, J.W. Decker, Oct 22 1935, 353/51
RE19572 Stock Quotation Projecting Machine and Method for Feeding Tape Therethrough, J.W. Decker, May 21, 1935, 353/51

1908832 Quotation Projecting or Similar Apparatus, A.D. Eitzen (News Projection Corp), May 1 1933, 353/50 ; 226/42 -
RE19746 Quotation Projecting or Similar Apparatus, A.D. Eitzen (News Projection Corp), Nov 5 1933, 353/50 ; 353/95 -

1909283 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, Edward E. Kleinschmidt (Teletype), May 16 1933, 178/34 - ticker tape printer where no shift operation using 6 element code
1923273 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, A.T. MacCoy, Aug 22 1933 - news printer -
 instead of using a single type wheel the characters are formed on two adjacent wheels and in an optimal arrangement increasing the speed of operation
1932399 Broad Tape Ticker Projecting Machine, J.W. Decker, Oct 31 1933, 178/42 ; 226/43; 353/47 -
RE21891 Broad Tape Ticker Projecting Machine, J.W. Decker, Sep 2 1941, 178/42 ; 353/47  -

The Rural Electrification Administration (REA) is started to get A.C. electrical power to rural areas. 
Most cities now had AC power.
But the 5-A ticker could be run from DC supplied by Western Union.

1937376 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, W.J. Zemer (Teletype), Nov 28 1933, - stock quotation selector mechanism
1946909 (pdf) Stock Quotation Board, R. Hoover, February 13, 1934, 178/24 ; 178/38; 340/825.26
1957076 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, H.L. Paulding (Finincial Press Companies), May 1, 1934, 178/4.1R ; 178/23R; 178/28
1957088 (pdf) Switch, A. Vischer Jr. (Finincial Press Companies), May 1, 1934, 337/89 ; 337/104; 337/109; 337/113
1979510 (pdf) Telegraphic Printing Mechanism, A. Vischer Jr.(Finincial Press Companies), Nov 6, 1934,  400/320 ; 16/94R; 178/27; 188/316; 267/124; 267/64.15; 400/174; 400/322; 400/328.1; 403/318; 403/356; 451/233; 464/106
2017087 (pdf) Telegraphic Printing Control Method and Apparatus, J.J. Ackell (Financial Press Co of America), Oct 15, 1935, 178/4 ; 178/17R; 178/41 - electric Motor - explanation of problems of step-by-step transmitters and the need for paper tape and good keyboard layout 24 pages
2090203 (pdf) Type-Wheel Printer, G.S. Hiltz, August 17, 1937, 178/38 ; 464/77; 74/63 - reduce flywheel effect of type wheel for more speed
2098941 (pdf) Projection System, A.H. Blohm (Trans Lux), Nov 16, 1937,  178/38 ; 178/42
RE21218 (pdf) Projection System, A.H. Blohm (Trans Lux), Sep 26, 1939, 178/38 ; 353/47
2102899 (pdf) Printing Telegraph Aparatus and System, E.E. Kleinschmidt, Dec 21, 1937, 178/35 ; 178/41; 178/42 - combined keyboard-printer
--------------------  Typewheel Tape Teletype---------------
2117241
2117241 (pdf) Telegraph Printer, R.F. Dirkes (WU), May 10, 1938 178/34 ; 178/38
This is not a step-by-step printer but instead a Start-6 unit pi-polar code-Stop type printer.
2135375 (pdf) Telegraph Printer, V.R. Kimball (WU), Nov 1, 1938, 178/34 ; 178/38; 370/305
------------------ end 5-A Black Box Tape Printer -----------------------------
2135398 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, L.H. James & D.S. James,Nov 1, 1938, 370/305 ; 178/73; 200/6BB; 375/369  - automatic multiplex relaying system
2145251 Tape Pulling Device, August D. Eitzen News Projection Corp), Jan 31, 1939, 226/37 ; 178/42; 192/127; 242/535
2147656 Feb 21 1939
2215801 (pdf) Printing Telegraphic Apparatus, A.E. Thompson (Creed), Sep 24, 1940, 178/35 - spring wound
2233667 (pdf) Printing Telegraphic Apparatus, H.L. Krum, Mar 4, 1941,  178/32
2339724 (pdf) Printing Telegraph Apparatus, R.D. Salmon (Creed & Co, UK),  Jan 18, 1944,  178/38
2382668 (pdf) Shock-Absorbing means Especially Suitable for use with Type Wheels in Printing Apparatus, R.D. Salmon, August 14, 1945, 400/141.1 ; 178/35; 188/83; 400/164.4; 400/167; 464/1
2524854 (pdf) Printing Telegraph Receiver, R.D. Solmon (Creed & Co, UK), Oct 10, 1950,  178/28 ; 178/38; 400/320; 400/323.1; 400/328.1; 400/332.5 - moving type wheel for page printer
2579101 (pdf) Telegraphic Printing System, J.A. Spencer (RCA), Dec 18, 1951, 178/35 ; 178/41 - bi-polar drive
2754361 (pdf) Selector Mechanism, Edward F. Kleinschmidt (Kleinschmidt Labs), Jul 10 1956, 178/33R -
higher speed by using more bits in the code rather than running the motor faster, see 1909283 above
Calls:
1811133 (pdf) Printing Telegraph, E.E. Kleinshmidt, June 23, 1931, 178/38 ; 101/110; 178/33R; 178/93; 400/155.1 - stock printing single wheel
1821110 (pdf) Selecting and Printing Mechanism, Sterline Morton, Howard L. Krum, Edward E. Kleinschmidt (Teletype) - may be the 5A Stock Ticker!
1931865 Clutch Mechanism Suitable for Rotatable Typeheads, R.G. Griffith (Creed), Oct 24 1933 -
2170316 Printing Telegraph Apparatus, W.J. Zenner (Teletype), Aug 22 1939, 178/33R ; 335/238; 335/253; 335/266; 335/274 -
2183022 Quotation Selector, H. L. Krum, Albert H. Reiber (Teletype),  Dec 12, 1939, - also see 2147656 - stock quotation systems
2326298 Type Wheel Stop Unit, Ernest W. Hewitt (WU), Aug 10 1943, 178/34 ; 178/40 -
2505008 Printing Telegraph Receiver, R.D. Salmon (Creed), Apr 25, 1950, 178/33R -
2521750 Selector Mechanism for Printing Telegraph Receivers, R.D. Salmon (Creed), Sep 12 1950,
2522461 Mechanical Chain Linkage System for Mechanical Ciphering Units, L.M. Pots (Teletype), Sep 12 1950
2585041 Printing Telegraph Receiver, R.D. Solmon (Creed) -
2787210 (pdf) Hammer Impelling Means in High Speed Printers, F.H. Shepard, April 2, 1957, 101/93.33 ; 178/34; 400/155; 400/166; 400/167
2940386 (pdf) Wheel Printers, L. Cetran, June 14, 1960, 101/93.34
2974194 (pdf) Printing Telegraph Se;ectpr Apparatus, J. Handley, Mar 7, 1961,  178/27 ; 178/29; 178/81
Creed printer co, UK - lightweight printer, wide page
3170034 (pdf) Stock Ticker Cabinet with Rotatable Printer and Projector Assemblies, W.J. Zenner (Teletype), Feb 16, 1965, 178/24
3204028 (pdf) Communications Equipment Printer, E.F. Kkeinschmidt, Aug 31, 1965, 178/32 ; 178/27 - aircraft printer, wide page
3232596 (pdf) Sprint and Shock Absorber Structure, E.F. Kkeinschmidt, Feb 1, 1966, 267/134 ; 178/35; 188/268; 400/166; 400/81; 431/170; 431/7
3249922 (pdf) Data Editing System, P.G.S. Mero, May 3, 1966, 707/6 ; 330/9
Monitors incoming stream of quotes and sends only desired quotes to designated printer.  Uses rotating selector and relays and the figures to letters change to know when a new symbol is starting.
3333569 Metering Ribbon Inker, Oscar W. Swenson (WU),  Aug 1 1967,  118/260 ; 118/268 -
Calls:
439916 Device for Applying a Coating to Electric Conductors, J.T. Whittlesey, Nov 4 1890
1365400 Moistening Device for Tobacco-Packaging Machines, G.W. Gwinn, Jan 11, 1921
2268054 Moistening Mechanism, R.F. Morrison (Ditto Duplicating Machines), Dec 30, 1941
2599561 Apparatus for Inking Ribbons, J.P. Knight, Jun 1952 -
2964157 Typewriter Ribbon Regulators, J.P. Knight, Dec 1960
3101283 Inking Device, E.G. Brown, Aug 1963, - horizontal mounting for computer printers
3227080 Tape Coding Attachment, F.G. Hill (Marsh Stencil Mach Co), Jan 1966, -
3400801 Reusable Inking Cartridge, Oscar W. Swenson (WU), Sep 10 1968, 400/202.2 ; 118/268 -
Calls:
1298045 Moistening Attachment for Type-Writer Ribbons, L.B. Huddleston, Mar 1919
1414865 Ribbon-Inking Attachment for Typewriters, E.E. Belbare May 1922
2413625 is Control Means for Helicopters Hayes (typo)  should be  12/1946 Pollock 118/268
2599561< see above>
2629359 Inks Sypply Means for Felt Nibbed Pens, Rosenthal Feb 1953
2910960 Inking Device, R.O. Markes, Nov 1959, -
3104988 Roll-on Indorse Ink Well, A.M. Pasinski (Burroughs), Sep 1963
3120804 Printer Inking Device, W.N. Besenick (Burroughs), Feb 1964
3241522 Apparatus for Inking Ribbons, J.P. Knight, Mar 1966
3254624 Inking Cartridge, W.N. Besenick (Burroughs), Jun 1966


x
August 30, 1966
S.F. Examiner runs a photo showing Charles Kilcourse, regional manager of Western Union presenting a Stock Ticker to Jeremiah Bradley (and another un named man).  "Fewer than 200 of the antiques are still in use, having been replaced by 900 character-per-minute tickers.
Who is the man on the left? Let me Know
Is 900 c/s a typo for 500 c/s
http://photo2.si.edu/infoage/stock.gif  -

An Edison Stock Printer. Labeled, "Gold & Stock Telegraph Co. Edison's Patent No. 215". As the electric telegraph sped information across the country, bankers and businessmen realized that they could profit from immediate knowledge of stock prices and other crucial data. The new technology shortened the time for decision-making and increased the pace and stress of the business day. But early telegraph service was expensive. Outside the business community, use of the telegraph spread slowly. ==Smithsonian Photo by Alfred Harre

Twitter Tape - it may work like one of the Edison patent tickers.  Designed by Adam Vaughan who has been involved in making replica Edison tickers, both working and static.

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