Tractors

© Brooke Clarke 2010

Background
Allis Chalmers B12
Types of Small Tractors
Front Scoop
Kubota
    BX23
    BX22
Husqvarna
Cat D8
Related
Links

Background

My Grandfather and Uncle both worked with big tractors.  A small tractor is a very handy thing to have when the land around your house is an acre or more. 

Allis Chalmers B12

Allis
                  Chalmers B12 garden tractor Allis
                  Chalmers B12 & L12 Front Loader bucket
Sleeve Hitch
Allis Chalmers
                B12 Sleeve Hitch



I used to have an Allis Chalmers B12 Garden Tractor. 
An automotive DC generator is used to keep the battery charged and is used also as the starter motor.
At the front there is a power takeoff shaft with a pulley that turns whenever the engine is running.  This drove the hydraulic pump on the front loader.  There was a sub frame for the front loader so that the loader proper could easily be removed leaving just the sub frame.  The front loader would just pass through a garden gate (just under 3 feet wide), but would not dig, i.e. the hydraulic power was only applied to lift the front loader and pressure was released to lower the loader.
At the rear was a sleeve hitch used for the rototiller or other implements.   The long lever (seen in photo above) manually sleeve and center implement.  I did have an electric option for the hitch that was a 12 Volt screw jack device similar to those used to balance RVs.  It was to be installed on the right side and replace the long lever.  A sickle bar (Wiki) could be mounted under the center where a mower deck would also work.  It was raised or lowered using the long lever.
A short lever controls the rear and center PTO belt tension so you can stop the tiller or sickle bar.
When the front loader is used without any rear implement the tractor is front heavy and when going over bumps the front end may take a nose dive.  There was a rear weight box to help with that problem and when a couple of hundred pounds of something was in it the tractor was more stable.  But that didn't help with side to side stability when moving.  For that the best thing was to not raise the bucket all the way up but instead just raise in enough to clear the ground.

The rear PTO was a belt drive and used the same short lever as turned on or off the mower desk or sickle bar.

Hydraulic Theory & Practice
The Lift lever has 3 positions
The Bucket lever has 3 positions
YouTube Simplicity and Allis Chalmers How to Mount the rear PTO For Tillers -

Types of Small Tractors

The B12 had a hydraulic front bucket that was very handy.  Think of it as a powered wheelbarrow.  With care it could go through 4' gates in the fence.
I call it "bucket" because there are "front scoops" that can not lift the load up high, like the bucket on the B12, but I never used it to load material into a pickup truck. I just scooped from a big pile left by a dump truck and moved the stuff where I wanted it.  So the "front scoop" would meet my needs.

So today (may 2018)  I'm looking at the difference between various home tractors (YouTube: LT-YT-GT, LT v. GT, LT v. GT):
Lawn Tractors: small light weight, just for mowing lawns, 20" tires, no lug nuts, vertical shaft engine - lowest price, typically K46 transmission - model typically looks like: LTxxxxx (around $1,000)
Home Depot: Cub Cadet XT1 Enduro LT42 - $1560, John Deere E140 - $2,100; Poulan Pro  P19A42 -$1,300

Yard Tractors
: are between Lawn and Garden tractors. looks like: YTxxxxx (around $1,500)
Searching Home Depot for "Yard Tractor" returns 224 results, but none of them are for a "yard tractor".

Garden Tractors
: heavier, bigger than lawn tractors, designed for attachments and ground engagement, 23" tires, K66 transmission, electronic locking differential (ELD), 4-1/2 gal gas tank, arm rests, sleeve hitch, use Tufftorq K66 transmission-differential assembly, has lug nuts, Sleeve hitch    - model typically looks like: GTxxxx (around $2,500)
As of May 2018 I can NOT find any Garden Tractors for sale in California because they do NOT meet CARB requirements.
Home depot web page lists, but not available in California: Cub Cadet XT1 GT 50, LT50, LT46, LT42,

CARB Compliant Garden Tractors
John Deere X570 - $6,000 - Accy: 40-in. (102-cm) Tractor Shovel - LP63767 w/electric actuation -
Kubota GR2020 (gas) - GR2120 (Diesel) - $10,000 all wheel drive, shaft wheel drive, shaft PTO drive, 16" front, 23" rear tires

Sub Compact Tractor - These are the next step up from Garden Tractors and cost about $25,000 with useful implements.  See Kubota below.  John Deere and other also make them, but Kubota seems to have the highest quality/price ratio below twenty some horsepower. 3-point hitch

Tufftorq - Integrated Hydrostatic Transaxles (IHT) - K66 spec sheet.pdf - Manual locking differential system (optional)
There does not seem to be any under $3,000 Garden Tractors in California with locking differentials.

Craftsman Dozer Blade (heaver duty than snow plow) Model: 486 244142

Brinley - Ground Engaging - all non powered pull behind implements

Front Scoop

Agri-Fab®, Inc. - Huskee Front Scoop - 45-0440 - $252.62 Free Shipping (one review said 500 parts).
Craftsman - Item # 07124847000P Model # 24847- Assembly Parts 1 to 9 are assembling the scoop.  Part 9 also starts with the tractor brackets.
Single mower suspension bracket (center of front axle) then part 10
Dual suspension brackets (each side of front axle) then part 11
Dual suspension brackets on each side of frame) then part 12
Husqvarna 36" Front Scoop - Model 531 30 71-88 (from YouTube video)

42" Johnny Products Bucket Jr and Johnny Plow Jr for Craftsman Dixon Husqvarna and many others (click your tractor start here)  Garden Tractors - uses the same mounting scheme as the Agri-Fab scoop, but adds electric actuators. Just under $1500.
List of tractor models.
In order for this scoop to work the tractor needs to have the 13" width of the frame and have the proper bolt pattern to accept one of the 3 mounting brackets provided.

Ag tires and wheel weights are needed if climbing hills and to counter balance a scoop.  Locking differential is a big plus, but seems to only be available on Garden Tractors.

Sleeve Hitch

The B12 had a sleeve hitch.  It's called that because there was a sleeve (a tube with maybe a 3/4"? ID) that was hinged on its bottom end and tilted up and down as controlled by the long lever.  That lever has a button that allows locking the sleeve in the up position.  The implement at the rear, like a rototiller, has a rod that slips into the sleeve and a pin to hold it there.

The 3-point hitch (Wiki) is used on Sub Compact and larger tractors and they come in Category 0 (<= 20 HP) to 4  (>180 HP) (Wiki).  I don't know if any Garden Tractors have 3-point hitches.

YouTube: Sleeve Hitch Adapter For Your Garden Tractor Review, And Why You Might Want One -
Johnny Products - Screw Jack for Sleeve Hitch - $675
Sears
Part #: 40571 $370

Front Loader

LittleBuck Loader - <$2000, as of May 2018 only works on John Deere tractors with 4 quick connect hydraulic outlets (Sub Compact Tractors):  655, 755, 855, 2210 & 2305*; x700 series; x575, x585, x595;  x465, x475, x485, x495; 400**, 420**, 425, 430**, 445, 455; 314, 316, 317, 318, 322, 332; and h-2 h-3 140.

Kubota

I first learned of the Kubota from a friend who had one.  A key feature is four wheel drive which greatly increases the drawbar pull as well as getting you out of situations where otherwise you would be stuck.

YouTube: Kubota BX Series Genealogy - The first two digits of the four digit model represent the horsepower the last two digits are the series number.

Model
Series

BX1500
00
2-cylinder (only this series), Valve part of loader - problem for snow blowers &Etc, Limited Cat 1 3-point Hitch, transmission problems
BXxx30
30
Hydraulic valve part of tractor - but outside body, Limited Cat 1  3-point Hitch
BX2350
50
Cosmetic upgrades, valve inside body, Fwd-Rev pedals partially below deck, seat slops forward (can be replaced), Full Cat 1  3-point Hitch
plastic body parts caused problems

60
back to metal hood & fenders, BT601 back hoe very similar to BT602 (YouTube BT602)
BX2670
70
drive-over mower decks, higher HP like 26HP, -1 model code improved ROPS and floor mats, LCD dash, Brake pedal on left BT602

80
From the seat front loader couple/decouple, Skid-Steer Quick Coupler,  analog dash easier to read, single piece hinged hood, loader valve falls to place in right hand (not up front), 2 optional front third functions, tilting steering wheel, Cam release backkhoe


Models BX Series 4WD Diesel

The BX series (18 to 25.5 HP) are the smallest tractors, the B series ( 18 to 32 HP) are slightly larger although there is some overlap.




Model
Year HP
Front Loader
Back Hoe
BX1800
2000
18
LA181

BX2200
2000
22
LA211

BX1500
2003
15
LA181

BX1830
2004
18
LA211
BX2230
2004
22
LA211
BX1850
2006
18
LA203

BX1860
?
18
LA243
BX2350
2006
23
LA243

BX2360
?
23
LA243
BX2660
?
26
LA243
BX22
2002
22
LA210
BT600
BX23
2004
23
LA210
BT600
BX24
2006
23
LA240
BT601
BX25
?
23
BX25


BX23

There is a BX23 for sale locally, I've called the phone number and left a message but not heard back.  Here are some photos of it:
With the BT600 backhoe and LA210 Front Loader.

Kubota BX23

Kubota BX23

Kubota BX23

Kubota BX23

Kubota BX23

Kubota BX23

Kubota BX23

Kubota BX23

Kubota BX23

Kubota BX23

Kubota BX23

BX 23 Manuals


BX23
LA210 Loader
BT600 Backhoe
Operator's


Service


Parts


Flat Rate Schedule


BX22

The BX22 is very similar to the BX23 shown above.
With the BT600 backhoe and LA210 Front Loader.   A box scraper is included and is under the front bucket.

Kubota BX22

Kubota BX22

Kubota BX22

Kubota BX22

Kubota BX22

Kubota BX22

Kubota BX22


Husqvarna

Husqvarna GTH27V52LS

They support a manual front loader (like the B12 above) on their largest mowers (i.e. must have 23" rear tires).
None of the local Husqvarna dealers carries the GTH27V52LS and so there's no way to preview or demo the front scoop.
Model
Description
$
GTH27V52LS
27 HP riding mower
3,000
531 30 71-68
3 foot front scoop
530
531 30 70-05
Sleeve Hitch
170
505 56 88-04 Electric Hitch Assist
600
505 56 88-08 Grader/Box Scraper
250
954 04 01-02
2 ea 50 pound wheel weights
116
Total $4700

Cat D8

My son restored a Cat D8 that had been sitting in a field for who knows how many decades.
Cat D8 as found
Cat D8 as
                found
Cat D8 running after restoration
Cat D8
                after restoration
Videos:

Starting caterpillar d8 tractor bulldozer - first the phony (small gas engine is started, the at the end the main diesel engine is started
Starting the D8
D8 Running
D8 Revving Engine
Driving caterpillar d8 tractor bulldozer

Antique Caterpillar Machinery Owners Club - My First Caterpillar

Related

Tractors on the Ukiah web page.
Surveying
K&E Hand Levels
T. F. Randolph Level
Garden Tractors

Links

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