Pop Guns

© Brooke Clarke 2017

Background
Patent Class Numbers
Description
    Big Bang Carbide Cannon
    All-Metal Products Co.
        Double Barrel Cork Gun
        Single Barrel Cork Pop Gun
    Buck Rogers 25th Century Rocket Pistol, Zooka
    Rubber Band Gun
    Water Gun
Related
References
Links

Background

This page came about because of my interest in BB Guns and Carbide Big Bang cannons.  Also related to the metal products that used to be common and now have been replaced by plastic.  I noticed that there are old plastic products offered for sale, but they have major cracking and were no longer functional, whereas the metal versions were still functional.

There are different ways to get the "pop" sound.  One is to use a cork to trap air that when released makes a "pop".  Another is to burst a hole in a paper strip that makes a "pop" sound with the paper breaks.  Another way depends on something like an origami folded paper "funnel" at the barrel end of a pistol shaped piece of paper.

580967 Toy Pop Gun, E.J.B. Whitaker, April 20, 1897, 446/405; 124/65 - dual acting cork pop gun.

There are similar toy guns in the categories of sparking and cap guns.  See the flashlight web page for a pistol that is a slide projector.

History of Daisy, Plymouth Iron Windmill Co, Markham Air Rifle Co. King Mfg. Co. 

Clarence Hamilton invented a vaneless windmill and setup the The Plymouth Iron Windmill Co. to sell them.
250661 Windmill, Clabence J. Hamilton, R.L. Root, Dec 13, 1881, 416/53 -
and offered a BB gun as a premium if someone bought a windmill (Daisy History, Museum) The all metal gun came from the Plymouth Air Rifle Co.  By 1895 the windmill company changed its name to Daisy Mfg Co. and only made BB guns.
390297 Air Gun, C.J. Hamilton, C.A. Pinckney, Oct 2, 1888, 124/67 - single shot spring air gun
427313 Barrel for Spring Air-guns, Clarence J. Hamilton, May 6, 1890, 42/76.1; 124/83 - type metal used to join brass false barrel with brass true barrel using a mold.
631010 Air-gun, Clarence J Hamilton, Daisy Mfg Co, Aug 15, 1899, 124/66 - break action just above trigger
679670 Repeating air-rifle, Clarence J. Hamilton, Daisy Mfg Co, Jul 30, 1901, 124/85; 124/49 - shot or darts by removable barrel, false barrel pulled forward to load new BB.

Also in Plymouth was the Markham Air Rifle Co.

860754 Air-gun, William F Markham, Markham Air Rifle Company, Jul 23, 1907, 124/66 - cork on a string pop gun
872747 Magazine air-gun, David F Polley, Markham Air Rifle Company, Dec 3, 1907, - brass disks used to join true brass barrel to larger dia spring air tube.
878560 Air-gun,
David Frank Polley, Markham Air Rifle Company, Feb 11, 1908, 124/50; 124/85 - seamless brass true barrel tube
880555 Gun, William F Markham, Ernest S Roe, Markham Air Rifle Company, Mar 3, 1908, 124/67; 74/2 - lever action spring air gun
911056 Air-gun, William F Markham, Ernest S Roe, Markham Air Rifle Company, Feb 2, 1909, 124/66 - (missing figures) break action
977549 Combined air-rifle, rubber ball, and pop-gun, Ernest S Roe, Markham Air Rifle Company, Dec 6, 1910, 124/44.7; 124/85 - spending money on this may have bankrupt them
1268238 Air-gun, William B Greeenleaf, Ernest S Roe, Markham Air Rifle Company, Jun 4, 1918, 124/67 - break barrel cocking
1373451 Air-gun, Ernest S Roe, Markham Air Rifle Company, Apr 5, 1921, 124/67 - break barrel action
1419308 Air-gun, Ernest S Roe, Markham Air Rifle Company, Jun 13, 1922, 124/67 - break barrel action
1477770 Air-gun, Ernest S Roe, Markham Air Rifle Company, Dec 18, 1923, 124/66; 124/37 - break barrel action
1589985 Air-gun, Ernest S Roe, Markham Air Rifle Company, Jun 22, 1926, 124/66 - cork on a string pop gun, ring shape trigger

1928 Markham Air Rifle sold to Daisy and name changed to King Mfg. Co.

Patent Class Numbers

Some key top patent Class numbers:

42 Firearms
72 Metal Deforming
89 Ordnance
124 Mechanical Guns and Projectors
446 Amusement Devices: Toys

Description

Big Bang Carbide Cannon

As a boy I "invented" many uses for Calcium Carbide.  When combined with water it makes acetylene (Wiki) gas which burns or explodes.  I remember one of the shops where my uncle had his heavy earth moving equipment repaired had a large outdoor system which generated acetylene using Calcium Carbide and water.  It turns out that you can not compress acetylene to store it like is done with oxygen but instead the tank holds a liquid, like acetone, that can absorb it.

Early toy cannons used caps from early pistols.  Then came the firecracker cannons.  Then the roll or disk of paper caps cannons.  Then compressed air and cork cannons.  Then blank firing cannons.  This paragraph is about the cannons that used Calcium Carbide (Wiki) and water to make acetylene gas (Wiki).

874952 Gas-Gun, William S. Franklin, Dec 31 1907, 42/55 ; 89/7 - acetylene
1057420 Gas Gun, Nelson Goodyear, Apr 1 1913, 42/55 ; 89/7 - boat shape
1352715 Gas Cannon, J.H. Wily, Sep 14 1920, 42/55 - breach removed between shots
1384366 Gas Gun, E.P. Welch, Jly 12 1921, 89/7 ; 446/401 - noise maker pistol w/large dia barrel
1597447 Gas Operated Cannon, J. Klarke, Aug 24 1926, - external gas generator
1624086 Toy Firearm, James H. Wily, Apr 12 1927, 42/54 - pistol using calcium carbide, looks like revolver
1757523 Toy Gas Cannon, M.F. Grimm, May 6 1930, 42/55 - toy 18th century mortar (Wiki)
1765562 Gas Cannon, C.C. Blackmore, Jun 24 1930, 42/55 - mixing chamber seperate from combustion chamber
1789585 Gas Cannon, S. Gormly, Jan 20 1931, 42/55 - provides for scavenging smoke prior to next firing
1806633 Toy Gas Cannon, John W. MacDonald, May 26 1931, 42/55
1806693 Toy Gas Cannon, May 26 1931, 42/55 -fixes smoke and cleaning of water mixing chamber
1807974 Toy Cannon, Birger Engstrom (Forster Mfg Co), Jun 21 1931, 42/55 - complex fix
1854679 Toy Cannon, G.W. Walker, Apr 19 1932, 42/55 - thin sheet metal designed to not explode
1863062  Toy Cannon, J.W. MacDonald, Jun 14 192, 89/7 ; 42/55 - foolproof  fix toy cannon
1883028 Gun, E.H. Smith, (Smith Welding Equip Co), Oct 18 1932, 42/55 - tripod mounted external gas generator
1883029 Toy Machine-Gun, E.H. Smith, (Smith Welding Equip Co), Oct 18 1932, 42/55 - "
1908070 Gun, E.H. Smith, (Smith Welding Equip Co), May 9 1933, 42/55 - "
1998023 Gas Cannon and Method of Operating same, E.S. Peake (Kilgore Mfg), Apr 16 1935, 42/55 -
2000607 Gas Cannon, E.S. Peake, (Kilgore Mfg Co), May 7 1935, 42/55 ; 89/7 - toy 18th century mortar, feed for calcium carbide BBs + lanyard sparker
2046663 Miniature Cannon, G.E. Wade, Jul 7 1936, 42/55 - blocked barrel to prevent shooting something
2094854 Gun, E.H. Smith, (Smith Welding Equip Co), Oct 5 1937, 89/7 42/55 431/278 431/353 89/40.01- machine gun simulator, uses external oxygen & acetylene tanks
2754607 Gas Gun, J.H. Wily, (not assigned), Jly 17 1956, 42/55 - separate mixing & firing chambers Big-Bang, Bangsite, Carbide Cannon (Wiki)  Still made by Big Bang Cannons.
Calls:
1624086 Toy Firearm (see above)
1757523 Toy Gas Cannon (see above)
1863062 Toy Cannon (see above)
2000607 Gas Cannon (see above)
Big
                      Bang Carbide Cannon Patent 2754607
Big Bang
                        Carbide Cannon Patent 2754607
Big Bang
                        Carbide Cannon
Carbide Related: Acme Miner's Lamp with 7" dia reflector, Cannon (17" overall length), Fine Grain size Calcium Carbide 16 oz can 4" tall x 3-5/16" dia. CheapCarbide.com - eBay:  carbide-cannons
16FC carbide is fine ground for the cannon, Pea size for carbide lamps.

Calcium
                        Carbide, Cannon & Miner's Lamp

3022597 Electric Toy Cannon, R.A. Rucker, Feb 27 1962, 42/55 - fires dummy missile, external gas tank
3346984 Combustible Gas Toy Gun, R. Lohr, Oct 17 1967, 42/55 89/7 D21/573 -  M16 lookalike
3365832 Carbide Adapter for Salute Cannon, E.T. Chapman, Jan 30 1968, 42/55 89/7  - looks like shotgun shell to be used in Winchester 98 Signal Cannon
3559325 Gas Noisemaker, J. Webster, Feb 1971, 42/55 102/344 124/56 446/398 89/7 - 4th of July, uses a fuse rather than a sparker.
Calls:
1088606 Mosquito Torch, C.M McGinley
1384366 Weeden page
1998023 Weeden page
2754607 Weeden page
3280744 Pyrotechnic Device, P.E. Brown, Oct 25 1966

All-Metal Products Co.

 Double Barrel Cork Gun

All-Metal Products Co. (Wiki) aka Wyandotte Toys, made sheet metal based toys between 1921 and 1957. (News-Herald: History: Remembering Wyandotte Toys)

This is a pop gun made by All-Metal Products Co (Wiki).
Class 124: MECHANICAL GUNS AND PROJECTORS
Sub Class 27: Spring(16)  \ Guided Projectile (26) \ Spring (27)
Sub Class 83: Projectile Impelled by User-Provided Force (79) element (80) / Projector barrel (83)

Class 251: Valves and Valve Actuation
Sub Class 74: Permanent or Constantly energized Magent actuator ( 65) \ Biased Trip (66) \ Mechanical movement trip actuation (74)

 2099806
2099806
                        Method of forming a popgun barrel, John Gora,
                        All Metal Products Company, Nov 23, 1937,
                        72/324, 124/83 -
Fig 1 Double barrel dual triggers.
All-Metal
                      Products Co. Double Barrel Cork Gun
Fig 2 Cocking both barrels
All-Metal
                      Products Co. Double Barrel Cork Gun
Fig 3 Label
All-Metal Products Co.
Wyandotte, Mich, U.S.A.
Pat. # 1,979,963
Pat. # 2,099,806
All-Metal
                      Products Co. Double Barrel Cork Gun
Fig 4 Top barrel cocked
Bottom barrel fired.
All-Metal
                      Products Co. Double Barrel Cork Gun


Single Barrel Pump Action Cork Pop Gun

1660581 Toy gun, Schmidt William F, All Metal Products Co, Feb 28, 1928, 124/66, 251/74 - pump action
1660581 Toy
                      gun, Schmidt William F, All Metal Products Co, Feb
                      28, 1928, 124/66, 251/74 - pump action
Fig 1
All-Metal
                      Products Co. Wyandotte, Mich, U.S.A. Single Barrel
                      Pump Action Cork Pop Gun
Fig 2 All-Metal Products Co. Wyandotte, Mich, U.S.A., Pat. # 1,660,581
All-Metal
                      Products Co. Wyandotte, Mich, U.S.A. Single Barrel
                      Pump Action Cork Pop Gun

1633795
Spring gun, William F Schmidt, All Metal Products Company, Jun 28, 1927, 124/27 -
1979963 Popgun barrel, Decker Arnold J, John Gora, All Metal Products Company, Nov 6, 1934, 124/83 - how to stamp and form sheet metal into barrel.
1660581 Toy gun, Schmidt William F, All Metal Products Co, Feb 28, 1928, 124/66, 251/74 - pump action
1779892 Popgun, Ernest S Roe, King Mfg Company (sold to Daisy), Oct 28, 1930, 124/66, 446/188 - trigger looks like ring
1830291 Popgun, Ernest S Roe, King Mfg Company (sold to Daisy), Nov 3, 1931, 124/66 - stock hinges to cock
2099806 Method of forming a popgun barrel, John Gora, All Metal Products Company, Nov 23, 1937, 72/324, 124/83 -
2336391 Toy sparking cannon or the like, Burchett Walter J, Art Metal Works Inc, Dec 7, 1943, 446/23, 124/29, D21/569 sparks and shoots soft tipped arrow. 

Buck Rogers 25th Century Rocket Pistol, Zooka


1466131 Popgun, Lefever Charles F, Daisy Mfg Co, Aug 28, 1923, 124/66 - break cocking
1666771 Toy Gun, J.H. Buhrie, Apr 17, 1928, 124/29, 124/39 - cork
1633031 Popgun, Charles F Lefever, Daisy Mfg Co, Jun 21, 1927, 124/66, D21/573 - break cocking, ring trigger pop gun rifle   
1779892
Popgun, Roe Ernest S, King Mfg Company, Oct 28, 1930, 124/66, 446/188 - break cocking, ring trigger pop gun rifle    
Others Pending
2055900 Toy gun
2055900 Toy
                      gun, Charles F Lefever, Daisy Mfg Co, Sep 29,
                      1936, 446/192, 124/27, 124/66 - This is the Zooka
                      or Buck Rogers sheet metal pop gun
2055900 Toy gun, Charles F Lefever, Daisy Mfg Co, Filed: Mar 11, 1935, Pub: Sep 29, 1936, 446/192, 124/27, 124/66 - This is the Zooka or Buck Rogers sheet metal pop gun that cocks by the hinged grip.  There may have been different versions, the first unpainted sheet metal with stamped patent numbers, the later one painted.  Yet another "collectors edition" made of bronze castings.
Daisy Zooka Pop Pistol
Daisy Zooka Pop
                      Pistol
I think the Zooka-Pop-Pistol is newer than the Buck Rogers 25th Century Rocket Pistol.
Fig 1 Left Side
Buck
                      Rogers 25th Century Rocket Pistol, Daisy Mfg Co.
Buck Rogers
25th Century
Daisy Mfg. Co. Plymouth, Mich. U.S.A.
                                        Patents
                              1,466,131     1,633,031
                              1,666,771     1,779,892
                                 Others Pending


                                                                                   Buck Rogers
                                                                                   25th Century

Fig 2 Cocked
Buck
                      Rogers 25th Century Rocket Pistol, Daisy Mfg Co.

Fig3  Right Side
Buck
                      Rogers 25th Century Rocket Pistol, Daisy Mfg Co.

Fig 4 Front
Buck
                      Rogers 25th Century Rocket Pistol, Daisy Mfg Co.

Fig 5 from an eBay listing
Buck
                      Rogers 25th Century Rocket Pistol, Daisy Mfg Co.
Note below OTHERS PENDING:
D 54,748
-------------------------- attempt to find the design patent D_?_748 -----------
D54748 - added under "others pending" on an eBay photo, but the design patent with that number is titled Receptacle by C.S. Humphrey and looks like a whiskey decanter
Here are some design patents found while looking for a design patent that may be the one intended instead of D54748:

D112090 Toy Projector Gun, E. Rundles, Nov 8, 1938 D21/574 - rubber band pistol
D102382 Toy Gun, Dec 15, 1936 D21/574 - futuristic
D169921 Toy Gun
D21/574; 42/54- sort of like Buck Rogers


Searching
D21/574 shows:
D13815 Toy Pistol, Charles R. Ritchel, Unexcelled Fireqorks Co, Mar 27, 1883 - 258810
D54133 Toy Gun, J.R. Searight, Nov 4, 1919
D58057 Top Small Arm, C.W. Beiser - spring cork gun with capture string

D75635 Toy Popgun, W.J. McMarlin, June 26, 1928, - paper roll at muzzle "pops" from air pressure.
D87124 - toy hand crank machine pistol
D89207 - small roll of caps pocket toy pistol
D93819 Toy Pistol, R.A. Frisbie, 1934 - revolver
D94312 Pistol Like Toy Weapon, L Marx - "Ray Gun" 1935
D100683 Toy Weapon, J. Bonnett 1936 - semi auto pocket pistol
D102382 Toy Gun, Otto A. Langos, 1936 - space ray gun using paper roll - D75635
D112090 Toy (rubber band) Projector gun, E. Rundles, 1938
D114548 Toy Gun, A.T. Linney, May 2, 1939, D21/574 - folded paper with "Funnel" at muzzle.
D147375 Toy Pistol D21/574 - scope sight futuristic
D131363 Popgun, E.M. Mathews, 1942
D132661 Toy (double barrel flintlock, J.E. Brubaker, 1942 -
D134561 Rocket Pistol (Flare Gun?), A.H. Gregory, 1942., 2208475, 2344957, AN/M8 Flare Pistol
D137522 Toy Pistol, Herbert U. Dernehl, 1944 - M1911 style
D138085 Toy Pistol, David Krechman, 1944 - strange revolver
D138485 Toy Pistol, Mano Hirsch, 1944, revolver
D139679 Toy (Cork Pop) Gun, Seth Earl Dahlquist, 1944 - still sold on eBay
D140087 Toy Gun, Irving G. Rubin, 1945 - futuristic
D141452 Toy Pistol, William Lockerbie Williams, 1945 -
D142551 Toy Gun, Leo J. Frankel, 1945 - minimal futuristic
D142618 Toy (Cork Pop) Gun, Seth E. Dahlquist, 1945 - double barrel version of D139679
D147375 Toy Pistol, Joseph Oshman, 1947 - futuristic w/ telescopic sight
D148647 Toy Pistol, James F. Robinson, 1948 - futuristic
D149113 Pistol, John F. Dille, 1948 - classic Ray Gun
D152709 Toy Pistol, Peter Lim, 1949 - futuristic
D154516 Toy Gun, Thomas M. Shelton, 1949 - futuristic Ray Gun - D159552
D156438 Toy Gun, Otto A. Langos, 1949 - space ray gun using paper roll - D75635
D159904 Toy Pistol, Glen I. Griffith, 1950 - H.R.  Geiger feel futuristic
D160370 Toy Disk Gun, Robert W. Clauss, 1950 - shoots "disk"
D162662 Toy Pistol, Domenick Ippolito, 1951 - futuristic -  rocket above barrel
D164398 Toy Proppeler-ejecting Gun, Joseph B. Barricks, 1951 -
D164657 Toy Pistol, Allen Dix Tovell, 1951 - futuristic
D166738 Toy Disk Gun, Robert W. Clauss, 1952 -
D168909 Toy Weapon, Richard Rastetter, 1953 - futuristic
D168972 Toy Pistol, Grover C. Schaible, 1953 - futuristic
D169039 Toy Sparking Pistol, Samuel Hoffman, 1953 - futuristic
D169440 Toy Weapon, Mahlon Hirsch, 1953 - futuristic Ray Gun
D169921 Toy Gun, Sidney Wasserman &  Allen M. Sterns, Futuristic Prod Co. June 23, 1953 - futuristic Ray Gun
D147375 Toy Pistol, Joseph Oshman, 1947 - futuristic w/ telescopic sight
D149113 Pistol, John F. Dille, 1948 - classic Ray Gun
D170023 , D170091 Toy Caap Pistol or Similar Article, Frederick J. Maywald, 1953 - futuristic
D193729 Toy Gun, Earl J. Grabau, 1962 - "String-Ding"rubber band gun,  1868312, 1892405
D221451 D226113 Novelty Pistol, Marvin C. Hewett, 1971 - revolver w/barrel pointing backward


5389027 (Collector's model disintegrator pistol (CMDP), Ellis Kantor, Daniel H. Heymann, Feb 14, 1995, 446/23, 446/405, 446/192, 446/473 mainly for look and feel, the "pop" mechanism works a different way (the grip is not hinged).   

Buck Rogers "Atomic Pistol "

This is very similar to the above 25th Century Rocket Pistol, but there are slight differences.  It makes a flash behind the red plastic, in addition to the "pop" when the trigger is pulled.  B UT, this is a double action gun, i.e. the handle does not hinge like on the 25th Century Pistol, instead there is a long trigger pull.  So I don't see why patent 2006741 is on the label since this is a double action. trigger.

1779892 Popgun, Roe Ernest S, King Mfg Company, Oct 28, 1930, 124/66, 446/188 - break cocking, ring trigger pop gun rifle
2006741 Toy Gun, Charles F Lefever, Daisy Mfg Co, Jul 2, 1935, 124/66, 124/37, - Note this has cocking grip and single action trigger, no sparking.  The "Atomic Pistol" has no cocking grip and a double action trigger.

Design Patent with hard to read number:
D31748 Buckle, Henry Hammer, Oct 31, 1899
D51748 Rear Automobile Wheel Render, C. Babley, Feb 12, 1918
D54748 Receptacle, Glen- S. Humphrey, Mar 23, 1920

2006741 Toy Gun
2006741 Toy
                      Gun, Charles F Lefever, Daisy Mfg Co, Jul 2, 1935,
                      124/66, 124/37, -
Fig 1 from eBay listing:

Buck Rogers
Atomic Pistol
Daisy Mfg. Co. Plymouth, Mich. U.S.A.
PATS 2,006,741 - 1,779,892 88 (???)
D ???,748 Others Pend.
Buck
                      Rogers "AtomicPistol "


Buck Rogers Disintegrator Pistol

Marked:
Buck Rogers
25th Century
DISINTEGRATOR
Daisy Mfg. Co. Plymouth, Mich U.S.A.
Pats: 1,666,771 - 1,779,892 - 1,240,990
D: 512,748 - Others Pending
Fig 1
Buck Rogers Disintegrator Pistol
Fig 2
Buck Rogers Disintegrator Pistol
Fig 2 photo mis-labeled atomic
Buck
                      Rogers "AtomicPistol "
1666771 Toy Gun, J.H. Buhrie, Apr 17, 1928, 124/29, 124/39 - cork
1779892 Popgun, Roe Ernest S, King Mfg Company, Oct 28, 1930, 124/66, 446/188 - break cocking, ring trigger pop gun rifle
1240990 Pop-gun, Charles F Lefever, Daisy Mfg Co, Sep 25, 1917, 446/182 - paper burster pistol (not cap gun)

Rubber Band Gun

2313721 Toy gun, Borth Edward C, Mar 16, 1943, 124/35.1 4 shots

Water Gun

1363475 Liquid-gun, Charles F Lefever, Dec 28, 1920, 222/79, 222/391 - Buck Rogers 25th Century Liquid Helium Water , 15 Shot Repeater, Pistol, Model X-Z 44.

Daisy Squirt-O-Matic, Model No. 72

1363475 Liquid-gun, Charles F Lefever, Daisy Mfg Co, Dec 28, 1920, 222/79, 222/391 -
2302963
Toy gun, Charles F Lefever, Filed: Dec 6, 1939, Pub: Nov 24, 1942, 222/79, 222/39, 446/192, 446/475, 124/37, 446/407 -Daisy Squirt-O-Matic, Model No. 72

Related

40mm Gernades & Related
Hammerlli M150 Free Pistol
FN FAL Rifle, Ballistics, Rifling, Picatinny rail, MIL-STD-1913 rail, 2324 rail, or tactical rail, Method of Stadia (Range-finding,  SOPMOD M4 Accessory Kit & various types of optical sights
Ruger SP101 357 Magnum Revolver
Daisy BB Guns
Survival Kit with pen flare gun
Semi-automatic Weapons

References


Links

PRC68, Alphanumeric Index of Web pages, Contact, Products for Sale
Page Created 2017 June 17